Yang Shen’s “Linjiang Immortal” tells the story of the vicissitudes of history and the ups and downs of the world. It is heartwarming to read.

Let’s chat with friends about poetry. My friend said that after the Song Dynasty, there are not many outstanding melodies and words worthy of praise. Xiaohua does not agree with this point of view. Isn’t the sentence after the Song Ci “the rolling waters of the Yangtze River to the east” a very representative melody and word context?

“The billowing waters of the Yangtze River to the east” comes from the word “Linjiang Immortal”, which was written by Yang Shen, a writer of the Ming Dynasty. This is a classic lyric and a household name. The reason why it is a household name is largely due to the broadcast of the 94th edition of the TV series “Romance of the Three Kingdoms”, because the title song of the TV series is “Linjiang Xian”.

The prototype of the TV series “Romance of the Three Kingdoms” is one of the four masterpieces of Chinese classical literature. One of the novel “Three Kingdoms”. The author of the novel “Romance of the Three Kingdoms” is Luo Guanzhong, and this “Linjiang Immortal” is the opening sentence of “Romance of the Three Kingdoms”.

So, there is a question that needs to be clarified. Since the author of the novel “Romance of the Three Kingdoms” is Luo Guanzhong, why is the author of this poem Yang Shen? Moreover, Yang Shen was born more than 80 years after Luo Guanzhong’s death.

It was Mao Zonggang, a writer during the Ming and Qing Dynasties, who originally used “Linjiang Xian” as the opening line of “Romance of the Three Kingdoms”. When Mao Zonggang and his son commented on “Romance of the Three Kingdoms”, they put the song “Linjiang Immortal” at the beginning of “Romance of the Three Kingdoms”. This seemingly unintentional behavior creates an artistic effect of “seamless link”. The result is “willow shade”.

After “Linjiang Xian” became the opening words of “Romance of the Three Kingdoms”, this kind of The artistic effect of the perfect combination is stimulated to the greatest extent, complementing each other and complementing each other, becoming a perfect combination, and becoming the most compatible art product.

In other words, “The Romance of the Three Kingdoms” lacks this opening sentence, and it lacks a kind of outline and momentum; It’s just an unremarkable piece of work in the world of poetry.

To a certain extent, Mao Zonggang’s father and son’s behavior made “Linjiang Xian” a “soul dip” for reading the novel “Three Kingdoms”. In this realm, a piece of “Linjiang Xian” won the right to interpret the novel “Romance of the Three Kingdoms”.

So when did Yang Shen write this “Linjiang Immortal” ? How to interpret the profound meaning of the poem “Linjiang Xian”? As the so-called “knowing people and discussing the world”, starting from the poet’s mental journey of life encounters, when looking at this poem, the answer is often self-evident.

Yang Shen, courtesy name Yongxiu, is a native of Xindu, Sichuan. Yang Shen was born in a scholarly family who devoted himself to Confucianism. He was the son of Prime Minister Yang Tinghe. Yang Shen was a young and intelligent man. He read poetry and books since childhood. At the age of 23, he stood out in the imperial examination and became the champion of the new division that year.

Yang Shenchan, who won the laurel in the palace, originally wanted to do something in his official career, but at the age of 36, he angered Jiajing because of the “big ceremony” incident. He was dismissed from office and demoted to Yunnan. In the thirty-eighth year of Jiajing, Yang Shen died in Kunming at the age of seventy-two. At the time of his death, Yang Shen also encouraged his descendants with the life motto of “Don’t dare to be your ancestors while you are righteous.”

In the long period of more than 30 years when Yang Shen was relegated to Yunnan, He did not become passive and decadent because of the ups and downs of his career, nor did he feel self-pity because of the ups and downs of his life, nor did he give up literary creation because of life. He not only expressed his love for landscapes, but also wrote carefully. This song “Linjiang Xian” was created by Yang Shen in Yunnan in his later years. The original words are as follows:

The waters of the Yangtze River are rolling in the east, and the waves wash away the heroes. Success or failure turned empty. Aoyama is still there, How Many Suns.
The white-haired fisherman on the river Nagisa is used to watching the autumn moon and the spring breeze. A pot of turbid wine is happy to meet. How many things in the past and the present are all in jokes.

According to the background of time and space to grasp Yang Shen’s life and emotions, is a necessary premise to understand the profound meaning of “Linjiang Xian”. The above brief introduction to Yang Shen’s life footprint, you can know that this poem is a portrayal of Yang Shen’s psychological process after the vicissitudes of life, and it is also the meaning and meaning of the poet’s existence to individual life in the twilight of his life. Value thinking.

The opening sentence “Rolling Yangtze River is passing east”, the poet uses “Rolling” Two words to describe the surging eastward flow of the Yangtze River is a very vivid stroke. This reduplicated word perfectly creates the atmosphere and artistic conception of the mighty rushing eastward flow of the Yangtze River, which will never return.

Standing on the edge of the Yangtze River, looking at the rolling eastward water, one can’t help but sigh; the rolling Yangtze River flows eastward, how many heroes are fleeting like flying waves, disappearing in the long river of history .

The opening sentence of the fine article, the prose is majestic, like the water of the Yangtze River. It can also be seen from this sentence that this is a fine masterpiece that is comparable to the bold poetry of the Song Dynasty.

Words In the face of the eternal world, nature, and the time-space background of endless years, the shortness of individual life and the nothingness brought about by death, how much meaning and value does the pursuit of worldly fame and fortune have? What about being a hero? What about making achievements?

As a result, the poet blurted out “the success or failure is empty”. The tone of this sentence is heroic and tragic, which not only contains the loss and loneliness of the great hero after becoming famous, but also implies the indifference of the alpine hermit to fame and fortune. , contempt; this sentence is both depressing and indignant, but this indignation has gradually lost the need to vent.

The next two sentences “The green hills are still there, and the sunset is red for a few degrees”, to the effect that only the green hills still exist, and the sun still rises and sets. All this will not change with the passage of time, What kind of state of mind is this? It is a transcendent open-mindedness, and a leisure that conforms to nature.

The poet uses painting techniques for people It presents a picture of the eternal and quiet green hills and the never-depressing sunset, which further sets off the shortness of life and the emptiness of passing away, but there is no trace of sadness and sadness in reading, and the poet shows readers a kind of calmness of life. With elegant bearing.

The bottom of the word, Yang Shen used a “white-haired fisherman” who stayed out of the way The image of the woodcutter directly expresses his attitude towards life. At this time, Yang Shen transformed himself into a man who had stepped into the night. An old man, a hermit living under the forest spring.

“I used to watch the autumn moon and spring breeze” shows that this gray-haired old man has experienced ups and downs in life, he has lofty ideals, he has had success and glory, and he has also failed. humiliation and suffering of life.

The poet looks at the changes of seasons and times from the state of mind of a bystander, and suddenly realizes that life is not like this? Whether you stay or go, the seasons still change, the dynasties change, and life still grows old. Faced with a short life, why do we have to force something? Although the mood at the moment is helpless, but how free and easy.

Isn’t it a very high thing to stay out of the world and forget about the rivers and lakes? Boundary? Wouldn’t that make it more objective? Yes, this is not only a very high level, but also objective, not biased, and there will not be too much emotional color mixed in it, so that you can stay out of the wind.

In a person’s life, whether you are poor or successful, what you gain and what you lose will disappear when life dies. So, as long as you have a pot of turbid wine and a few confidants, you should be very satisfied.

“There are so many things in ancient and modern times, they are all in jokes”, “The Romance of the Three Kingdoms”, guided by the soul of “Linjiang Xian”, has influenced generations of readers and has become a pillow for all ages. with desk books. Reading classic literature and comprehending the wisdom of life, people of different ages will have different perceptions, and people of different identities will also have different understandings.

But one thing is the same, that is, this famous work of “what happened in the past and the present, it’s all in a joke” silently brought us historical memories, and also secretly took us away of tears. All in all, it’s all a joke.

Yang Shen’s poem has a deep ideological connotation of life reflection. Therefore, it can produce strong emotional resonance and artistic appeal. In fact, in addition to this “Linjiang Immortal”, Yang Shen’s historical poems and nostalgic poems written in “Twenty-One History Tanci” all reveal the life of “right and wrong” Philosophy, these life philosophies are full of the poet’s outlook on life and history.

For example, in Yang Shen’s “The Moon on the West River”, “a romantic figure through the ages, how many heroes are there at one time. The dragons and tigers fight for a long time. It ends up being a chat and laugh”; In the words, “Yesterday and today, the face in the mirror is old. A thousand years of tune. A chat and laugh. A few people know.” Such a variety of words are self-evident.

In these poems, Yang Shen takes the image of a “white-haired fisherman on the river Zhushang”, or a recluse, who stays out of the picture. He examines the dynasties from the past to the present from the height of history. The success or failure of replacement and rise and fall, and laughed at it, showed the poet’s profound comprehension of the secular prosperity and wealth in the world.

However, Yang Shen has the imprint of the times, and also has obvious limitations of the times. With a distinct scholar-official label and scholar-official sentiments, he never gave up the pursuit of the Confucian concept of joining the WTO in his heart.

He was torn between being born and joining the world, hesitating. When he is confused, he will put this emotion into words, so his emotion is obvious in his poetry works. And “Linjiang Immortal” is undoubtedly a high degree of integration of Yang Shen’s outlook on life and history.

Judging from the whole word, the tone is generous and tragic, with infinite meanings. When I read it, I can’t help but add infinite emotion to my heart. This poem makes readers feel desolate and tragic, and at the same time creates an atmosphere of indifference and tranquility, and reflects the lofty artistic conception and profound philosophy of life. It has to be said that this is the artistic charm of this poem.

This poem is Yang Shen not giving up while tracing history and expressing his personal feelings. The pursuit of the Confucian ideal of “governing the country in a balanced way”. He is not blindly seeking spiritual detachment, what he is denying is the various forms of sentient beings that disappear like waves under the starry sky of history and in the long river of history.

The reason why Yang Shen expresses such an optimistic and detached Taoist mentality in the nostalgic poems such as “Linjiang Xian” is just because the traditional ancient literati “be poor alone, and be good to the world”. A support of Confucian beliefs.

Yang Shen tries to explore the eternal value in the rush and precipitation of the long river of history, and find the profound philosophy of life between success and failure, so the overtones of this “Linjiang Immortal” reside in The poet’s sense of historical rise and fall and the ups and downs of life reflect a noble sentiment and a broad mind.

While savouring this poem, readers seem to feel that what is rushing away is not the water of the Yangtze River, but the yellowing and even dusty historical past; A sigh of history that spans time and space. Therefore, in this sigh, readers will pursue Yang Shen’s words to find and realize the eternal value of life.