[Source: Guangdong Provincial Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine_Health Care]
Autumn is today.
The beginning of autumn is the thirteenth solar term in the twenty-four solar terms, and it is also the first solar term in autumn. Dou refers to the southwest. Every year when the sun reaches 135° Yellow Longitude, it is the beginning of autumn, which usually falls on August 7-8 of the Gregorian calendar. Liqiu’s “Li” means the beginning, “Autumn” refers to the period when crops are mature, and Liqiu means that the summer is gone, and the autumn is beginning.
“The Collection of the Seventy-two Hours of the Moon Order” says: “Autumn is a matter of pulling, and things will be pulled back here.” The beginning of autumn not only indicates that the hot summer is about to pass, and autumn is coming; it also means that the plants are beginning to bear fruit, and the autumn harvest season is here. The ancients regarded the beginning of autumn as an important moment of the turn of summer and autumn. According to records, the sycamores planted in pots were to be moved into the palace during the beginning of autumn in the Song Dynasty. It’s here.” After the performance, Wutong dropped a leaf or two in response to the sound, in order to repay the autumn, as the so-called “one leaf knows the autumn”!
In ancient my country, the beginning of autumn was divided into three phases: “First, when the cool wind arrives; second, when white dew grows; The wind is different from the hot wind in summer; then there will be fog in the morning, and the chilling cicadas that sing in the autumn will begin to chirp.
Climate characteristics of the beginning of autumn
After the beginning of autumn, the weather turns from hot to cold. According to the standard of dividing the seasons according to the average temperature of the climate, it must be 5 consecutive days Autumn is considered an average temperature below 22°C. After the beginning of autumn, although the heat is hard to dissipate, and there is still the prestige of “Autumn Tiger”, the general trend is that the weather gradually becomes cooler.
my country has a vast territory, and the climate difference between north and south is obvious. Entering autumn, the temperature difference between day and night will gradually become obvious after the beginning of autumn. It is often hot during the day and cooler at night. Since the end of the dog days is still some time after the beginning of autumn, there will still be hot weather after the beginning of autumn.
Therefore, from the perspective of climate characteristics, due to the residual heat in the midsummer, the autumn sun is rampant, especially around the beginning of autumn, many areas are still hot, so it is known as the “autumn tiger”. called `. Meteorological data show that this hot climate often lasts until the middle and late September before it really cools down.
Key points of beginning autumn health care
The beginning of autumn is the beginning of autumn, It is recorded in “Guanzi”: “In autumn, yin qi begins to fall, so all things are harvested.”
In the autumn health care, “Su Wen·The Four Qi Regulating the Spirit” points out “The yin and yang of the four seasons are the root of all things. Therefore, the sage nourishes yang in spring and summer and yin in autumn and winter, so as to follow their roots, so they rise and fall with all things in the gate of growth. Going against their roots will cut their roots, and destroy their truth.” This is the purpose of the ancients to adjust and photograph the four seasons, admonishing people to follow the natural law of spring, summer, long autumn, and winter storage. If you want to achieve the purpose of prolonging life, you must conform to it and follow it.
The change of the whole nature is a gradual process, the beginning of autumn The climate in China is a transitional solar term from hot to cool. It is also a period when yang qi gradually shrinks, yin qi gradually grows, and gradually changes from yang to yin. Therefore, in the autumn health care, all spiritual emotions, diet and daily life, exercise and exercise are all based on the principle of “receiving”.
In autumn, it should be used for the lungs, and the lungs are in the mood for sadness (worry), and sadness can easily hurt the lungs. If the lung qi is deficient, the body will not stimulate the body. The tolerance of depression is reduced, and it is easy to generate sadness and anxiety. “The Yellow Emperor’s Classic of Internal Medicine, Su Wen, The Great Treatise on Adjusting the Spirit of Four Qi”: “The third month of autumn… to make the mind calm, to slow down the punishment of autumn, to restrain the spirit, to make the Qi of autumn calm, to have no external ambition, to make the Qi of the lungs clear, this autumn The response of qi is the way of nourishment.” Therefore, during the beginning of the autumn solar term, in terms of spiritual recuperation, it is necessary to achieve inner peace, peace of mind, and a comfortable mind, and avoid sadness and sadness. Adapt to the calm atmosphere of autumn.
In autumn, “go to bed early and get up early, and you will be happy with chickens”. Lie down early to comply with the convergence of yang qi, and get up early to stretch the lung qi and prevent excessive convergence. The beginning of autumn is the season of early autumn. The heat is not over, and although there is a cool breeze, the weather is fickle. Even in the same area, there will be “four seasons in one day, but different days in ten miles”. Therefore, it is not advisable to dress too much, “spring cover autumn freezing”, otherwise it will affect the body’s ability to adapt to the colder climate, and it is easy to catch a cold.
“Su Questions: Dirty Qi” The Treatise says: “The lungs govern autumn…the lungs converge, eat acid quickly to collect it, supplement it with acid, and purge it with acrid.” It can be seen that the sour taste converges the lung qi, and the pungent taste diffuses and purifies the lung. It should be collected in autumn and should not be scattered.Try to eat less spicy foods such as onions and ginger, and eat sour fruits and vegetables appropriately.
In autumn, lung metal is in order, and if the lung metal is too prosperous, the liver wood is used. In autumn, dry qi is in season, and it is easy to damage body fluids, so the diet should be suitable for nourishing yin and moistening the lungs. “Drinking Food is Essential” says: “Autumn is dry, it is advisable to eat hemp to moisten the dryness, and it is forbidden to drink cold.” It is even more advocated to eat raw porridge in autumn to nourish yin and moisten dryness.
In short, in the autumn season, you can properly eat soft and moist foods such as sesame, glutinous rice, japonica rice, honey, loquat, pineapple, dairy products, etc., to benefit the stomach and produce body fluid, conform to the autumn and winter, and nourish yin, which is conducive to the collection of yang qi.
Exercise to recuperate
In the autumn season, because the yin, essence and yang of the human body are in the stage of converging and nourishing, exercise should also comply with this principle, that is, the amount of exercise. It should not be too large, in order to prevent excessive sweating, consumption of yang qi, and interference with the inner storage of yang qi. Exercise should be done with light and gentle activities with little activity.
When exercising, you should not wear single clothes for outdoor activities. You should increase or decrease clothes according to the changes in outdoor temperature. When exercising, it is not advisable to take off too much at once. You should take off too much clothes after your body is hot. After exercising, you should not wear sweaty clothes and stay in the cold wind to prevent your body from catching a cold. In addition, it is not suitable to drink cold water or For ice water and frozen beverages, it is recommended to rest for a while and wait until the body cools down before drinking warm water, otherwise it is easy to damage the spleen and stomach.
Massage & Wellness
The beginning of autumn is the time of the handover of summer and autumn, During the dog days, the yang qi of the human body floats on the outside, and the body is in a state of deficiency and cold. At this time, moxibustion at Fengchi and Dazhui points can be used to prevent colds, and moxibustion at Tianshu and Zusanli points can be used to regulate the stomach. In particular, people with partial yang deficiency and cold-damp constitution should take advantage of the yang qi of dog days to nourish yang and dehumidify through moxibustion, enhance physical fitness, and treat winter diseases in summer.
The following are two simple and easy-to-follow, lung-protecting and healthy-bodied exercises:
hammering the back
Sit upright, with your back naturally straight, make an empty fist with both hands, and beat the center and sides of your back, from bottom to top, then top to bottom, first from the center and then on both sides, 30 times each. This method can unblock the back meridians, smooth the lungs, and strengthen the waist and kidneys.
will After rubbing the outer sides of the thumbs of both hands until they are hot, rub them up and down along the bridge of the nose and the sides of the alars for 30 times, and then use the index fingers of both hands to rub the Yingxiang points on both sides for 30 times. This method can nourish the lungs and strengthen the body and enhance the immunity of the body.
The Autumn Diet Fang
After the beginning of the autumn, don’t rush to post the autumn fat, nourish the spleen and stomach, and then tonic will be more effective with less effort .
There is a popular saying in the folk: when the beginning of autumn arrives, you should stick to the autumn fat, and when the winter goes away, the spring comes to be healthy. It is said that after the weather is cool, people should eat more meat to supplement the deficiency caused by poor appetite and sweating, and improve immunity. However, our country has a vast territory and vast territory, and it is actually impossible to enter the cool autumn at the same time as the beginning of autumn. Especially in the southern region, it is too early to supplement the heat in midsummer. Since the beginning of autumn is still in the Futian, the human body is still relatively humid, and the digestive function of the spleen and stomach is still relatively weak. It is necessary to protect the spleen and stomach first, expel the moisture from the body, and then tonic, in order to have an effect.
Therefore, friends in the south should not be in a hurry to post autumn fat. At this time, preventing heatstroke and dehumidification, and maintaining the spleen and stomach are the key. Here are a few seasonal healthy recipes for you.
1. Stewed lotus root with pork ribs
< span>Ingredients:500g of pork spine, 500g of lotus root, appropriate amount of refined salt, sliced green onion, sliced ginger, rice wine and monosodium glutamate. (serving 3-4 persons)
Preparation method:Wash the pork ribs, chop them, blanch them in a pot of boiling water, and remove them. Remove lotus root and skin, wash and slice. Put the pork spine in a pot, add an appropriate amount of water, boil over high heat, skim off the scum, add salt, rice wine, sliced green onion, ginger slices, then simmer over low heat until the meat is separated from the bones, remove the bones and remove the meat, Poke out the spinal cord. Put the spinal cord and lotus root slices in the soup and simmer until cooked, remove the onion and ginger, and add monosodium glutamate to taste.
Efficacy:Invigorating the spleen and appetizing, stopping diarrhea and solidifying essence.
2. Steamed lily with pumpkin
Ingredients:200g pumpkin, 50g fresh lily, 10g rock sugar. (Serves 2-3 people)
Preparation method:Peel the pumpkin, cut it into thin slices, and place it in a bowl. Put a few pieces of rock candy in the crevices of the pumpkin. The lilies are broken into petals, cleaned and soaked in water for later use. After the water is boiled in the steamer, steam the pumpkin for 10 minutes, and thenPut the lily in the middle. Cover the pot and steam for another 10 minutes.
Efficacy:Invigorating the middle and replenishing qi, strengthening the spleen and stomach.
3, millet pumpkin porridge
Ingredients: 200g pumpkin, 100g millet, 10 wolfberry, and a little sesame oil. (Serves 3-4)
Preparation method:Put an appropriate amount of water in a casserole and start heating. Wash millet and set aside. Peel and cut the flesh of the pumpkin into large pieces for later use. When the water boils, add the millet. After re-opening the pot, add five or six drops of sesame oil, and add a few medlars. Skim off the foam after boiling. Boil the millet for five or six minutes before adding the pumpkin. After adding the pumpkin, boil it slowly for about 15-20 minutes, until it is thick.
Efficacy: soothe the nerves and tonic for the stomach.
4. Longan, Red Date and Lotus Seed Porridge
Materials:10 grams of dried longan, 20 grams of red dates, 30 grams of lotus seeds, 100 grams of glutinous rice , appropriate amount of rock sugar.
Methods:After washing the above materials, remove the core of the red dates, and soak the lotus seeds for 1 hour, then put all the ingredients into a pot, add enough water, Bring to a boil over high heat, then turn to low heat, and cook until the porridge is cooked. Add rock sugar to taste.
Efficacy:Invigorating the spleen, nourishing the heart and soothing the mind. It is suitable for people with damaged spleen and stomach at the turn of summer and autumn, or those with blood deficiency, insomnia and dreams.
5, Sydney Tremella Syrup
Ingredients:1 Sydney, 30 grams of Tremella, 20 grams of lotus seeds, appropriate amount of rock sugar.
Practice: Wash the lotus seeds, remove the core and soak for 1 hour. Wash the white fungus, soak it until soft and tear it into small pieces. After washing the pear, peel it and remove the core, and cut it into small pieces for later use. Put the above ingredients into the stew pot, add appropriate amount of water, and simmer for 1 hour.
Effects: Yin nourishing, lungs, and mind. It is suitable for people with yin deficiency and dryness of the lungs, who are upset and dreamy.
< span>6. Qinglan Xiangluo Fan Bone Soup
Ingredients:6-8 green olives, 50-100g dried rattlesnake, 300g pork fan bone, candied dates 1 piece, 3 slices ginger, appropriate amount of salt.
Cooking:Rinse the dried snails, soak them in warm water for one night, rinse the green olives and crack them, and chop the pork fan bones into pieces , Flying water, put the ingredients in the same pot and add an appropriate amount of water, bring to a boil over high heat, then simmer for about 2 hours, season with salt.
Effects:The snail meat is a nutritious and delicious seafood product, which has the effect of nourishing yin and blood, strengthening the spleen and appetizing. Green olives, neutral in nature, taste sour, sweet, and astringent, return to the lung and stomach meridians, have the effect of clearing heat and pharynx, promoting body fluid and quenching thirst; coupled with pig bones, strengthening muscles and bones, nourishing qi, candied dates clearing the heart and moistening the lungs, ginger can remove the coldness of seafood. Sex and smell.
Qinglan Xiangluo Fangu Soup has the effect of nourishing yin and moistening dryness, clearing heat and sore throat, and appetizing. It is suitable for dry throat, dry cough, low phlegm, and dry mouth caused by hot and dry weather around the beginning of autumn. Restoration of discomfort such as thirst and dry stool.
Note: Those who are allergic to seafood and those with deficient constitution should use it with caution. ■
[Source: Comprehensive content of this article Collated from Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Yuedu Traditional Chinese Medicine]
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