Cerebral thrombosis is related to vascular wall lesions, vascular malformations, obesity, excessive drinking, blood components and dynamic changes.
This disease generally occurs in people over 40 years old, more men than women, and the incidence will increase with Population aging and urbanization are accelerating and increasing year by year.
Once suffering from the disease, the patient will have multiple warning symptoms, let’s learn about it below.
1. Sudden vision loss
Patients with this disease will experience sudden vision loss, and then manifest It is monocular vision loss and transient amaurosis.
At the same time, the patient’s upper and lower limbs or half of the face will have numbness or weakness.
Sometimes, even smiling, raising hands is difficult. However, these symptoms subside within minutes.
2. Difficulty in speaking
Patients with this disease will suffer from brain blood supply deficiency, which makes Neural development disorder of human movement, with symptoms such as slurred speech, difficulty in speaking, crooked corners of the mouth, drooling, etc..
In addition, when the patient’s brain supply is insufficient, the memory will also be impaired, and transient amnesia will appear.
3. Dizziness, headache
Patients with this disease will suddenly appear dizziness in the brain symptoms, and sometimes falls suddenly.
At the same time, some patients also have severe headache, fatigue, lethargy, nausea, abnormal blood pressure, frequent yawning and other symptoms. These symptoms are all caused by insufficient blood supply to the brain.
The above are the warning symptoms of the patient’s body when suffering from cerebral thrombosis. When these symptoms are found, patients need to pay attention to them and seek medical treatment in time.
So how should this disease be treated?
There are two types of surgery for this disease: emergency endovascular surgery and ventricular decompression and drainage . The former needs to be treated according to the location of the thrombus in the patient. The latter is to penetrate the puncture needle or a cored drainage tube into the ventricle, drain the cerebrospinal fluid, and then reduce the patient’s intracranial pressure.
For patients with severe intracranial pressure, after active drug treatment, if the condition still worsens, decompression surgery is required. This kind of operation can reduce the mortality rate, reduce the disability rate, and improve the self-care rate of patients.
There are Anticoagulation, thrombolysis, antiplatelet, etc.Among them, Thrombolysis includes rtPA, urokinase, etc.
RTPA can be used in Improve the cure rate of patients within 3 hours, but there is a risk of intracranial hemorrhage. Urokinase can inhibit the formation of thrombus, but it will increase the risk of bleeding.< /p>
Antiplatelet drugs include aspirin, clopidogrel, etc., the former can reduce the probability of death and disability, and reduce the probability of recurrence, the latter can be combined The former reduces the risk of relapse.
Anticoagulant drugs include heparin, argatroban, etc., the former can reduce the relapse rate, and the latter can pass Inhibition of thrombin, thereby inhibiting the formation of thrombus.
It can be seen from the above that the early warning symptoms of cerebral thrombosis are speechless dizziness, dizziness, sudden vision loss, etc. When these warning symptoms are found, the patient needs to be treated by surgery or medicine in time.
After treatment, Patients need to undergo rehabilitation training in limb function, living ability, cognitive impairment, muscle spasm, language impairment, etc. to help restore basic daily self-care ability.
In addition, patients should also do a good job of preventing complications such as lung infection, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, pulmonary embolism, respiratory failure, etc..