Physical discomfort is related to many factors. The occurrence of the disease itself is the inducement of various aspects, and different diseases appear at the same time, and the inducement is also different.
The high incidence of cancer is a headache for people, but now medical technology has improved a lot, and cancer can also be effectively treated Cure, of course, the best way is “early detection, early treatment.”
The human neck is very sensitive Yes, there are not only more nerve plexuses, but also the lymphatic system. If the body undergoes serious malignant changes, abnormalities will also appear in the neck. I hope you can observe more.
I am not feeling well, what abnormalities will there be in the “neck”?
——The neck becomes thicker
The neck of normal people generally does not become thicker, but for cancer patients, the neck may become thicker, which is an abnormal manifestation.
There are two reasons for the thickening of the neck in cancer patients: the first is the metastasis of cancer cells or the The superior vena cava is blocked, causing poor blood flow in the neck, which in turn causes neck swelling;
Second One is when the cancer has spread directly to the neck. Since there is less fat in the neck and its location is more conspicuous, it is easy to be discovered when there is a problem with it.
Simply put, if cancer is in In the early stage, because there was no metastasis, it is not easy for us to see the changes in the neck, but if the neck becomes thicker visible to the naked eye, we should pay attention to actively go to the hospital for diagnosis and treatment.
Clinically, when thyroid cancer, nasopharyngeal cancer, lung cancer, etc. metastasize, it is easy to invade Neck, resulting in thickening of the neck.
If the neck becomes thicker, we can check ourselves, such as touching whether there are lumps and lumps The hardness and mobility of the tumor, whether there are nodules, whether the surrounding boundaries are clear, etc.
—Spider moles appear on the neck “Spider naevi”? Spider nevus is a vascular nevus formed by the expansion of the end of a skin arteriole. The center is a bulge, and many capillaries protrude around it. Judging from its appearance, it looks like a spider, so it is called a spider mole.
Spider moles are a bit different from ordinary moles. It will dissipate soon, and the spider veins will quickly form again after the oppression is relieved.
The formation of spider nevus is closely related to the increase of estrogen in the human body. In the human body, the liver is the inactivated estrogen The main organ of hormones. If there is a problem with liver function, the level of estrogen in the body will increase. If there is abnormality in the liver or oral contraceptives, spider veins will appear.
If cancer occurs in the human body, it is likely to invade the liver, resulting in decreased liver function, resulting in reduced estrogen inactivation, resulting in obvious spider nevus on the neck. p>
——The neck turns black
Clinical blackening of the neck is a common phenomenon. Of course, it is closely related to acanthosis nigricans. The blackening of the neck mainly occurs on the back of the neck.
Acanthosis nigricans is mainly related to metabolic abnormalities. Common causes include obesity, diabetes, polycystic ovary syndrome, and certain body tumors.
Although melasma is not cancer, But it is a common cancer caused by certain malignant tumors, such as gastric cancer, gallbladder cancer, ovarian cancer, etc., will secrete certain active factors, which will cause abnormal skin metabolism and black chicken skin disease. p>
When the neck turns black, we should actively look for the reasons, such as whether you are obese, whether you use The use of certain hormone drugs, or polycystic ovary syndrome, of course, has something to do with daily exposure to the sun.
If you notice that your neck is abnormally black and cannot be cleaned when you wash it, it is probably The signal of cancer, I hope you can go to the doctor for screening as soon as possible.
different Cancer, screening items are different!
1, lung cancer
Screening items: low-dose spiral CT;
Age/frequency: 50 -75 years old, once a year
2, gastric cancer span>
Screening items: gastroscopy, tumor markers;
Age/frequency: Over 40 years old, 1-2 gastroscopy examinations per year
3, colon cancer
Screening items: fecal immunochemical test (FIT), guaiac fecal occult blood test (FOBT), multi-target stool DNA (sDNA), colonoscopy;
Age/frequency: 45-75 years old FIT+FOBT once a year, sDNA every three Once a year, colonoscopy once every ten years; individual recommendation for 76-85 years old; screening is not recommended for those over 85 years old.
4., liver cancer
Screening items: liver ultrasound examination, serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) detection; track=”38″>Age/frequency: over 40 years old, once every 6 months for high-risk groups
5, breast cancer
Screening items: Mammography, B-ultrasound;
Age/ Frequency: 1-2 times a year
6, esophageal cancer
Screening items: endoscopy;
Age/frequency: 40-69 years old, once every 1-3 years
7 , Thyroid cancer
Screening items: cervical ultrasound examination; span>
Age/Frequency: High-risk groups are checked every six months to one year
8, cervical cancer
< span>Screening items: liquid-based cytology test (TCT), HPV DNA detection;
age/ Frequency: TCT every three years for 21-29 years old; TCT+HPV DNA test every five years for 30-65 years old
9, brain tumor
Screening items: generally no screening, inspection methods include CT, MRI, lumbar puncture, etc.;
Age/Frequency: Generally, when head discomfort is caused by mass effect, seek medical examination
10, Pancreatic cancer
Screening items : B-ultrasound, endoscopic ultrasound, CT, MRI and other imaging examinations; supplementary tumor markers CEA, CA19-9 detection;
< span>Age/frequency: Recommended for high-risk groups over 50 years old, once a year
Early screening is not a direct judgment of “death sentence”. Regular early cancer screening is conducive to early detection of abnormalities, providing sufficient time for follow-up treatment and prevention, and early detection and diagnosis , The chance of early treatment greatly improves the survival rate.
How to prevent cancer?
1. Work and rest
With the improvement of living standards and the increase of work pressure, more and more people choose In order to stay up late and get used to staying up late, long-term irregular sleep, lack of sleep disrupts people’s biological clock, affects the secretion of hormones in people’s bodies and the metabolic function of cells, and reduces the body’s immunity.
If you want to prevent diseases, you must develop a reasonable routine of work and rest. Of course, the same is true for cancer prevention. In order for young people to reduce the risk of getting cancer early, it is necessary to make changes in their work and rest. It is necessary to insist on getting enough sleep for 7-8 hours a day. In addition, it is best not to stay up later than 12 o’clock.
2. In terms of diet
As the saying goes, “disease enters from the mouth”, unhealthy Eating habits increase the incidence of diseases, so it is recommended to avoid eating pickled, smoked and moldy foods, because these foods contain carcinogens such as nitrite and Aspergillus flavus;< /span>
In addition, it is recommended that female friends reduce the way of frying and grilling when cooking food. Food is more delicious, but it also increases the probability of cancer; in addition, try to avoid overly hot food when eating, because it is likely to irritate and damage the digestive tract and induce digestive tract cancer.
3 , Sports
The fast-paced life makes many people collapse on the sofa after work The consequence of being motionless and lack of exercise is that the resistance is worse than others, and the risk of disease is higher than others. Of course, the possibility of suffering from cancer is much higher than others, and people who exercise less are more likely to cause obesity.
In addition to increasing breast cancer, cervical cancer and other cancers, female obesity may also increase the incidence of bowel cancer. Therefore, if you want to prevent cancer, proper exercise is necessary.
4. Mood On the one hand
Once a person is in a bad mood, the mental state is also worrying, and the mental state is not good It will also greatly threaten the life and health of women, common such as bad temper, sentimentality, depression, temper tantrum, etc. Being in negative emotions for a long time will also increase people’s risk of cancer.
Therefore, you should make adjustments in your mood in life, maintain a positive mental state, and eliminate all negative Emotions are the right way to fight and prevent cancer.