The prosperity of the Tang Dynasty gave birth to the prosperity of culture, and the open, prosperous and inclusive social environment gave birth to countless great poets and well-known excellent classic poems. There is the romance of Li Bai, the truth of Du Fu, the high productivity of Bai Juyi, and the sadness of Li Shangyin.
And the most maverick among them is “Poetry Buddha” Wang Wei, and he and Meng Haoran are collectively called “Wang Meng”. Wang Wei’s works are freehand and expressive in style, with both form and spirit, and the highest achievement is in landscape poetry. Every word, every word, every sentence of his poems flowed out from the splendid era of the prosperous Tang Dynasty, and resonated with today’s era.
“Three Hundred Poems of Tang Dynasty” is a widely circulated anthology of Tang poetry, which includes 29 poems of Wang Wei, accounting for nearly one tenth of the total. The status of Tang Dynasty poetry history can also be seen from the poetic mood he created in his poetry, which has a great influence on later generations and has a high status.
As for Wang Wei, writer Su Shi said in Dongpo Zhilin:
“If you taste the poems of Mojie, there are paintings in the poems; if you look at the paintings, there are poems in the paintings. .”
The writer Fang Dongshu also once said:
“Wangchuan Ganshi, also known as the first ancestor. However, compared to Du Gong, it is really like Vimalakirti’s for the Tathagata, indeed But don’t be in one faction.”
Today, I want to share with you the most widely circulated classic Tang poems by Buddha Wang Wei, one sentence and one scene, and three hundred masterpieces of Tang poems, which are worth reading again and again! This is Wang Wei’s “Autumn in the Mountains”, which is one of his most widely circulated five-law Tang poems.
“The Mountain in Autumn”
Empty Mountain After the new rain, the weather is late to fall.
The bright moon shines among the pine trees, and the clear spring stone flows upward.
Bamboo noise returns to the girl, and the lotus moves off the fishing boat.
Chunfang rest at will, Wang Sun can stay.
From this ancient poem, we can see Wang Wei’s style as a generation of poets and Buddhas; in this ancient poem, we can feel the realm of painting in Wang Wei’s poem; in this ancient poem, we It can give a glimpse of Wang Wei’s ideological pursuit, and it can also affect our lives today.
Almost each of the first six lines of this ancient poem has a unique color, and each line is a painting, and there is no sad autumn feeling about autumn in it, but it shows a multi-layered feeling. Poetic. From the composition point of view, the distant view is empty mountains and fresh rain, the weather is late autumn, the close-up view is the bright moon shining on the pines, the clear spring and flowing stones, and the lower part is the model-like raccoon girl and fisherman. The last sentence is false.
This poem was written in early autumn when Wang Wei lived in The view of the evening after the rain. Although there are only 20 characters in the first four sentences, there are mountains and waters, gravel and clear springs, moonlight and pine trees, lotus ponds, and ding dong, showing all kinds of scenery in the mountains and forests. Almost every one represents an imagery pointing to a life beyond the mundane. The implication is that Wang Wei hates the filth in official life and hopes to seek a clean place here.
The first four sentences can be seen as still pictures. But the flow of the mountain spring made the picture move and gave it a beautiful sound. The gurgling sound of running water, but this kind of sound is not enough to break the tranquility of the mountains and forests, which just echoes the “empty mountain” at the beginning of the poem.
“Bamboo noise returns to the raccoon girl, the lotus moves under the fishing boat”, The female fishermen are the masters of this mountain forest. Their stillness and movement represent the breath of life, yet they are so simple, yet so poetic. In the face of this situation, Wang Wei also had the heart to retreat.
“Pine, Bamboo and Lotus” are three typical expressions of the poet’s upright character, disgust with the filth of officialdom, and the simplicity and freedom of raccoon girls and fishermen. By depicting a unique autumn rhyme, The words sent are rich and intriguing.
“Let’s take a rest in spring, the king and grandson can stay for themselves”, spring Although the beauty is no longer there, the autumn scenery in front of you is enough to linger.
This is the color of autumn that belongs to Wang Wei alone. After a thousand years, we still can’t chew it out and yearn for it.