1920 Chen Duxiu presided over the drafting of the “Manifesto of the Communist Party of China”
1920 On November 23, Chen Duxiu presided over the drafting of the “Manifesto of the Communist Party of China” in Shanghai. This document is only about 2,000 words long, but it reproduces and explains the basic ideas of the “Communist Manifesto”, especially declaring that China will establish a proletarian political party – the Communist Party, and that it will lead the working people through the Communist Party organization and carry out class struggle.
In addition, the “Manifesto of the Communist Party of China” clearly revealed the name of the “Communist Party of China” for the first time, indicating that it represents the Chinese proletariat and labor A new political party of the masses is ripe and about to be born.
The tragic hijacking in Egypt in 1985
< span> On November 23, 1985, an EgyptAir passenger plane carrying 92 passengers and 6 crew members took off from Athens International Airport, Greece, and its destination was Cairo, Egypt. Fifteen minutes after takeoff, a Palestinian youth sitting in the front row and an Egyptian youth sitting in the back row suddenly stood up, pulled out guns and grenades to hijack the plane, and another hijacker took control of the cockpit.
During the rescue, the Egyptian government sent 25 commandos, and the United States sent 3 counter-terrorism experts to assist. The entire hijacking process lasted 24 hours, resulting in the tragic ending of 60 deaths and 28 injuries. Of the three hijackers, two were killed on the spot and the other was released after serving seven years in prison.
Oshima Volcanic Eruption in Japan in 1986
In the early morning of November 23, 1986, Mount Mihara in Oshima, Japan began to release a large amount of energy. Sixteen new calderas appeared in addition to the old ones, and many earthquakes occurred at the same time. The next day, the eruption of Sanyuan Mountain tended to calm down. However, minor earthquakes still occur frequently, and it is difficult for people to judge whether the volcano will erupt again. However, the livestock raised on the island need to be fed, and the commercial flowers and plants need to be taken care of. The islanders are restless because of this.
On November 29th, the Japanese government decided that from December 3rd, one person from each household will return to the island by boat in batches for cooking. The stay on the island shall not exceed 7 hours. Once something happens, you must gather on the boat within 20 minutes. This situation will continue until December 20.
In 2003, humans observed the total solar eclipse in Antarctica for the first time
On November 23, 2003, a total solar eclipse occurred in Antarctica, which lasted for 1 minute and 57 seconds. At that time, an icebreaker in Russia carried tourists to Antarctica to watch a total solar eclipse. This was the first time that humans observed a total solar eclipse in Antarctica.
Because the Antarctic region was in the summer polar day period at that time, when the total solar eclipse appeared, the sun was completely covered, the Antarctic region was completely dark, and the penguins emitted A restless cry.
In 2012, the Chinese Navy officially entered the era of aircraft carriers
At 9:00 am on November 23, 2012, a J-15 carrier-based fighter with yellow paint and serial number 552 successfully achieved an intercepted landing and a ski-jump take-off on the Liaoning aircraft carrier, marking the official launch of the Chinese Navy. Enter the era of aircraft carriers.
Previously, my country’s first aircraft carrier completed its construction and test voyage, and was officially delivered to the People’s Navy. It directly affects the combat effectiveness of the aircraft carrier. Some Western military observers said that it will take at least 10 years for China to control the aircraft carrier. However, just two months after the “Liaoning Ship” was handed over and put into service, the J-15 carrier-based fighter jet had successfully landed on the aircraft carrier.
In 2013, China established the East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone
On November 23, 2013, in order to better protect my country’s sea and air security, the Ministry of National Defense solemnly announced to the world the establishment of the East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone of the People’s Republic of China, and issued an announcement on aircraft identification rules and a schematic diagram of the identification area. All foreign military aircraft or civil aviation aircraft flying over this range must report the nature of the mission to us in advance and carry out security identification.
The establishment of the East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone is not only an effective means of crisis prevention and handling, but also helps to improve China’s coastal defense and air defense It also demonstrates China’s firm will and strong determination to safeguard national sovereignty and territorial integrity.
The Yasukuni Shrine in Japan exploded in 2015
On November 23, 2015, Jeon, a South Korean man, placed a timing detonator in the bathroom of the Yasukuni Shrine and ignited it, causing damage to the ceiling. In July of the following year, the Tokyo District Court in Japan handed down a verdict that Quan, who was prosecuted for damaging buildings and other crimes, was sentenced to four years in prison.
The Yasukuni Shrine is located in Chiyoda District, Tokyo, Japan. The shrine enshrines 14 Class A war criminals of World War II, including Hideki Tojo. For a long time, some Japanese politicians have insisted on visiting the Yasukuni Shrine, which has led to the deterioration of relations between Japan and China, South Korea and other Asian countries.