The cooling is coming, and the incidence of myocardial infarction is high! People with a bad heart, take a look at these “nine life-saving measures”

It’s cooling down again!

On the afternoon of the 27th, the Central Meteorological Observatory upgraded and issued an orange warning with the highest level of cold wave.

It is expected that from the 27th to the 30th, the temperature in the northwest region and most of the central and eastern regions will drop by 10-16°C successively, and the temperature drop in some areas can reach more than 18°C!

The cold is coming

Are you ready< /span>

Winter It is the “devil season” with a high incidence of myocardial infarction, and cold has become the most terrible “deadly factor”.

Just entered November , There have been many incidents related to myocardial infarction in the news.

11 Lu Shuming, the actor who played Guan Yu in the 94 version of “Romance of the Three Kingdoms” passed away on March 1 at the age of 66;

On November 2, Xu Zhongxin, a well-known action director in the Hong Kong film industry and a professional “villain” professional, died at the age of 70;

On November 4, the former football player Wang Tao died of a heart attack.

Why cold can induce myocardial infarction

After entering winter, the temperature difference between morning and evening and indoor and outdoor temperature gradually increases, especially when the temperature drop is large In the days of the day, the body feeling of alternating cold and warm is more obvious.

Patients with coronary heart disease and People with risk factors for coronary heart disease such as hyperlipidemia, high blood pressure, and diabetes should pay more attention in such an environment.

This is because, The sudden cold stimulation will increase the secretion of adrenaline, cause vasoconstriction, increase blood pressure, increase the burden on the heart, and induce coronary artery spasm.

have high blood pressure, Patients with basic cardiovascular diseases such as arteriosclerosis often have different degrees of stenosis of blood vessels. After being stimulated by cold, the original diseased blood vessels will be aggravated by ischemia and hypoxia, and even acute myocardial infarction.

In addition, overwork Factors such as smoking, emotional agitation, full meals (especially fatty meals), irregular medication or irregular blood pressure testing can also increase the risk of illness.

Keys to nourishing the heart in winter

To develop good living habits in winter, remember the following “nine life-saving items”——


Don’t go out in cold weather

If you must go out, dress warmly and protect your head and feet.

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Don’t be brave when it’s too cold

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In cold weather, heart patients should not be brave when they go out to work, especially When engaging in some high-intensity activities, if you feel unwell, you should stop immediately and go home to rest.


Be careful of overheating and sweating

If you dress warmly, If you are sweating during exercise, it is best to go home in time, because overheating will cause blood vessels to dilate suddenly, which may cause hypotension.


Don’t be careless about colds

Influenza and other respiratory infections can easily lead to myocardial infarction. To prevent colds, everyone should keep warm, wash hands frequently, and Places with a lot of people can also reduce the probability of catching a cold.


No alcohol before going out

Alcohol dilates blood vessels in the skin, which makes you feel warm, but actually makes your vital organs less warm, Therefore, avoid alcohol before going out.


Sleep must be sufficient

High-quality sleep is equivalent to fully charging the heart, and ensuring 7-8 hours of sleep every night is the most healthy favorable.


Wake up and don’t get out of bed in a hurry

When the elderly wake up, don’t rush to get out of bed, first lie on the bed for 5~10 minutes, and then slowly Get out of bed slowly and get dressed, otherwise it will easily cause angina pectoris and stroke.


Emotions must be stable< /strong>

Severe or prolonged depression, anger, Excitement and tension will increase the severity of myocardial ischemia to varying degrees and induce myocardial infarction.


Do not defecate too hard< /strong>

If you have some underlying diseases such as high blood pressure, Constipation in patients with long-term basic diseases such as diabetes and hyperlipidemia needs to be highly valued. Stool straining can cause myocardial ischemia and induce myocardial infarction. Therefore, coronary heart disease must maintain smooth stool.