Introduction: The disease of hyperlipidemia has always been called “rich man’s disease”. It is a disease caused by abnormal lipid metabolism in the body. There is a close relationship between eating more and moving less.
There is no obvious clinical manifestation of hyperlipidemia in the early stage, but the damage of this disease to the body is Insidious, progressive and systemic.
Because high blood lipids will easily accelerate atherosclerosis, once the arteries are blocked, it will easily lead to multiple Various diseases, such as liver disease, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, kidney diseases, etc. Among them, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases are a major cause of death for middle-aged and elderly people, and they are also the “number one killer” that endangers human health.
According to the World Health Organization Relevant statistics show that about 17 million people die of hyperlipidemia every year, and this chronic disease accounts for about 30% of the total death toll in the world.
Once there is a hyperlipidemia problem, you need to follow the doctor’s advice and use the medicine rationally. Among the many lipid-lowering drugs One of the most widely used drugs is statins.
What are the conditioning effects of statins?
1. Adjust the endothelial environment span>
Statins can help improve the overall function of blood vessels, and can effectively inhibit the migration of smooth muscle cells;
2. Help reduce fat
Statins can effectively reduce blood cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels’
3. Help anti-oxidation
4. Anti-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory
5. Inhibition of platelet aggregation< /strong>, help prevent atherosclerosis and shrink plaque, so as to prevent thrombosis.
What is the level of high blood lipids before taking statins?
Not all patients with hyperlipidemia need to take statins, depending on blood lipids The measurement results can be divided into the following four types:
respectively hypercholesterolemia, mixed hypercholesterolemia Lipidemia, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and hypertriglyceridemia.
The groups who need to take statins include the following: For patients with established cardiovascular diseases, such as Myocardial infarction, cerebral infarction, stroke, or other extremely high-risk groups. In addition, the risk of cardiovascular disease is relatively high, and it is also necessary to insist on taking statin drugs.
Can statins be taken for a long time?
Doctor: Statins can be taken for a long time.
In many patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, statins are often used to treat hyperlipidemia question.
Statins have anti-arteriosclerosis and blood lipid-lowering effects. If there are no side effects when taking statins, It can be used for a long time.
After long-term use of statins, related adverse reactions need to be detected, and common adverse reactions of statins It is also very obvious, such as liver function damage and muscle soreness problems.
If you have jaundice, abdominal pain, fatigue, muscle soreness and other problems during the long-term use of statins Therefore, it is necessary to seek medical examination as soon as possible to see if there is any abnormal liver function.
Tell parents: When taking “statin drugs”, it is recommended to eat less of these 5 things, I hope everyone can rest assured< /span>
Red Yeast Products< /p>
Red yeast rice is very common in the field of traditional Chinese medicine. It not only invigorates the stomach and eliminates food, but also promotes blood circulation and removes blood stasis, and it can also assist in lowering lipids .
Although red yeast rice products can achieve a good lipid-lowering effect, they are not suitable for use with statins Take the medicine together.
This is because the ingredients of red yeast rice and statins are basically very similar, if patients take them together It will easily increase the drug concentration and induce a series of adverse reactions.
In addition, red yeast rice and statin drugs will be metabolized by the liver at the same time, while taking It will also easily increase the burden on the liver during the period, and it is likely to induce abnormal liver function problems after a long time.
Alcoholic Beverages and Food
It is best not to drink alcohol or eat alcoholic foods while taking statins, mainly because alcohol needs to be broken down by the liver after being metabolized by the body Consumption of alcohol itself is easy to damage liver cells, and it is also easy to cause liver function to decline.
Statins The molecular metabolism of drugs is also carried out in the liver. If you drink alcohol frequently, it is easy to directly interfere with the function of drug ingredients.
And according to the normal absorption of the drug, it will easily reduce the efficacy of the drug, which will also disturb our endocrine system It will further increase the occurrence of abnormal problems of the liver.
Autumn and winter is the season to eat pomelo. The taste of pomelo is sweet and refreshing, and it is deeply loved and welcomed by people.
And the nutritional value of grapefruit is particularly high, with plenty of juice and full flesh. Eating grapefruit properly in autumn and winter can not only Replenishing water can also effectively promote the body’s blood circulation and help speed up the bodymetabolic efficiency.
However, while taking statins, it is not suitable to eat grapefruit and other fruits.
This is because grapefruit contains Rich in furanocoumarins, this substance not only easily increases the burden on the liver, but also is not conducive to the absorption and decomposition of drugs by the liver, making it difficult for the drugs to exert their efficacy.
Oatmeal is a very common coarse grain food in daily life, and its calories are very low, so it is very suitable for people to eat during weight loss, and the active ingredients in oatmeal can Helps accelerate the excretion of feces, not only relieves constipation, but also helps stabilize blood lipids.
But for people who are taking statins, try not to eat oats before and after taking the medicine, which is It is because oatmeal is a high-fiber food, which not only easily affects the absorption of drugs, but also is not conducive to the control of drugs.
In addition, if If you eat oatmeal before and after taking statins, it will easily lead to abnormal fluctuations in blood sugar levels in the body, which will seriously affect the health of patients.
< p data-track="51">The reason why animal livers are loved and welcomed by people is that animal livers are rich in iron elements, which can be a good supplement of iron and can also help to avoid the occurrence of deficiencies Iron anemia problem.
But it is not suitable to eat animal liver while taking statins, mainly because animal liver , animal cholesterol and fat content is very high.
Eating animal liver frequently will not only be detrimental to the curative effect of statins in the body but also detrimental to blood lipids Stable, this will easily induce cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
In addition, there are 4 points to pay attention to when taking statins strong>
- Do not change the dosage of the medicine without authorization, and must follow the doctor’s advice to take it reasonably;
- It is best to take it half an hour after dinner;
- Long-term use During statin medication, if you experience physical discomfort, you must seek medical attention as soon as possible, otherwise small problems will easily develop into major problems;
- Long-term Taking statins, you must review regularly to see if the effect is curative or if there are side effects.
Conclusion: Among patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, statins are very common drugs. Not only can it help lower blood lipid levels, but it can also help fight other cardiovascular and cerebrovascular problems. If there are no side effects, you can take it for a long time, but you need to pay attention to many things after taking it for a long time.