Winter is the coldest season of the year, and it is also the season with a high incidence of diabetic complications, especially cardiovascular disease, diabetic foot, and nocturnal hypoglycemia High incidence.
Diabetes patients must Learn how to prevent and deal with these 3 complications.
1 .Prevention and coping methods of cardiovascular diseases
Winter is a season of high incidence of cardiovascular diseases.
The weather is cold and sympathetic Nervous system activity increases, heart rate increases, and skin vasoconstriction causes peripheral vascular resistance to increase, which in turn leads to increased blood pressure and cardiac load, affecting coronary blood supply, and easily causing coronary artery spasm, aggravating the original coronary artery stenosis, and even arteriosclerosis. Atherosclerotic plaque ruptures and bleeds, and thrombus forms, thus causing angina pectoris, and some patients induce myocardial infarction.
Prevention Method: Control blood sugar well, keep warm, closely monitor changes in blood pressure, take medication as prescribed by the doctor, quit smoking and limit alcohol.
Symptoms of Myocardial Infarction: Severe squeezing pain in the retrosternal or precordial area, which can radiate to the left shoulder and left upper limb, and last for 15 minutes or even more than half an hour, accompanied by symptoms such as profuse sweating, irritability, and vomiting , and there is a sense of terror of dying.
Coping method: span>Be sure to dial 120 in time, even at night.
2. Diabetic foot Prevention and response methods
In winter, people like to soak their feet to warm up their bodies. If you do not pay attention to the method of soaking your feet, it is easy to cause burns and cause diabetic feet.
Prevention The method of soaking feet to cause diabetic foot:
- Water temperature for foot bath: Diabetics should not exceed 40°C when washing or soaking their feet (you can use a thermometer or help from family members). After washing their feet, they should dry them in time and wear soft clothes at ordinary times. , comfortable footwear.
- Foot soaking time: preferably no more than 5 minutes.
Coping method:Once a burn occurs, it is not only a visible trauma to the naked eye, but also problems such as vascular occlusion of the lower extremities and neuropathy that cannot be observed by the naked eye. Once a diabetic patient has a foot scald, he must be aware of the possibility of diabetic foot and foot ulceration, and he should go to a specialized hospital for treatment in time.
3. Nocturnal hypoglycemia
< span>Winter is a period of high incidence of nocturnal hypoglycemia. Because the cold air stimulates the vasoconstriction of the human body, the heart rate increases, and it is easy to cause blood pressure and blood sugar to be unstable; in addition, the night is long and the day is short, and energy is easily replenished in time, which makes middle-aged and elderly people prone to hypoglycemia at night.
Recognition Method: Common symptoms of hypoglycemia such as sweating, palpitation, trembling, weakness, etc.; dreaming a lot, and it is a nightmare. After getting up the next morning, I have a headache, I don’t sleep well, and I feel weak.
Prevention: If the blood sugar is lower than 5.6 before going to bed, it is recommended to drink a cup of yogurt or low-fat milk, or eat a piece of fruit, or eat 3-5 biscuits. If hypoglycemia-related symptoms appear, be sure to monitor the blood sugar at night 1-3 in time.
Night Symptoms of hypoglycemia: Patients with mild and moderate symptomatic hypoglycemia can immediately take 15 to 20 grams of glucose orally, such as half a cup of fruit juice, 4 cubes of sugar (4.5 grams each), 1 tablespoon Honey, 1 cup of milk, clinical symptoms are generally relieved within 5 to 20 minutes. If the patient’s symptoms are not relieved after eating, he should seek medical attention in time.
The above 3 diabetic complications, diabetic patients should Prevention is the priority, and once it happens, respond actively.