Many of us women may have encountered such a situation: usually feel good in health, but a bunch of gynecological diseases are found in a gynecological examination, “pelvic inflammatory disease” is one of them .
“Pelvic inflammatory disease” includes endometritis, salpingitis (most common), tubo-ovarian abscess, pelvic peritonitis, and pelvic abscess, etc., and refers to a group of women’s upper genital tract Infectious diseases.
The female reproductive tract itself can resist infection because it has a relatively complete natural defense function.
Healthy women’s vaginas have certain microbes, but they are generally ecologically balanced and do not cause inflammation.
However, when the local natural defense function is destroyed, the systemic immune function is reduced, or when exogenous pathogens such as bacteria and mycoplasma invade, the local natural defense function can be destroyed, resulting in pelvic inflammatory disease. occur.
Using condoms and avoiding multiple sexual partners can reduce the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease.
Pelvic inflammatory disease is a common infectious disease of the female reproductive tract. It mostly occurs in married women, but there is no need to worry too much. As long as it is detected and treated in time, it can restore health.
What are the symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease?
The symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease have different clinical manifestations, which are reflected according to the severity and extent of the inflammation, such as:
Always feel uncomfortable in the lower abdomen, dull pain;
Increased urination, vaginal burning;
Unusually increased leucorrhea, yellow-green, gray or off-white;
Severe pain during or after sex.
Severely ill patients may experience fever, chills, and headache. When accompanied by urinary tract infection, frequent urination, urgency, and dysuria may occur.
Pelvic inflammatory disease abscesses can cause local pressure and irritation symptoms: the abscess is located in front of the uterus and compresses the bladder, causing difficulty urinating and frequent urination; the abscess located behind the uterus can compress the rectum and cause defecation Difficulty, abdominal distention and tenesmus.
How is pelvic inflammatory disease treated?
Pelvic inflammatory disease is mainly treated with antibiotics and surgery if necessary.
Antibacterial drugs are the main treatment measures in the acute stage of pelvic inflammatory disease. After the doctor diagnoses, they will choose appropriate antibacterial drugs according to the severity.
When the drug treatment is ineffective, or sudden abdominal pain, chills, high fever, nausea, vomiting, etc. occur suddenly, hospitalization is required in time.
Some women are a little repulsive of going to the hospital for gynecology, and feel embarrassed to ask private questions; some are too busy with work and always delay going to the hospital for examination or follow-up. If the treatment is delayed, or the treatment is not standardized, it may cause more serious diseases such as chronic pelvic pain, pelvic abscess, and pelvic adhesions.
And pelvic inflammatory disease can also be transmitted to the other half, resulting in male urethral swelling, dysuria, etc., affecting the normal life of the family.
How can pelvic inflammatory disease be prevented?
We all know that prevention is more important than cure, and maintaining good hygiene is the key to preventing pelvic inflammatory disease.
More than 90% of pelvic inflammatory disease is caused by the ascending infection of the lower genital tract. Because sexual life will develop the lower genital tract, it is recommended that female friends (or male friends) ), be sure to keep these two health principles in mind:
First, don’t have sex during menstruation.
Usually, the cervix is almost closed, and there is a mucus plug inside the cervix, which can effectively prevent the flora of the reproductive tract from ascending. During menstruation, the mucus plug is no longer protective because it is disintegrated by menstruation.
If you have sex at this time, it is possible to bring the flora of the reproductive tract into the pelvic cavity, because the pelvic cavity is sterile, which can cause pelvic inflammatory disease.
Second, wash the vulva every day.
Women need to clean their vulva every day, whether in normal or menstrual periods, so as to avoid the proliferation of a large number of bacterial flora and the occurrence of inflammation.
Therefore, it is recommended that women clean the vulva with water every day. It should be noted that it is advocated to clean the vulva, not including the inside of the vagina, and do not rinse the inside of the vagina.
Finally, it is necessary to remind everyone again that instead of suffering from disease, we should eliminate it at the source: pay attention to hygiene is very important!