Alcohol makes many people “love and hate”. They love to drink but know the dangers of alcohol. Every year, the number of people who suffer from diseases caused by excessive alcohol intake continues unabated, and severe cases may even cause sudden death or cancer.
According to the World Heart Federation (WHF) briefing “Effects of Alcohol Consumption on Cardiovascular Health: Myths and Actions” : About 230 diseases are associated with alcohol, including 40 diseases that would not be prevalent without alcohol.
Many times, we can control I don’t drink it myself, but I have to drink it in some cases. So at this time, how to reduce the harm of alcohol to our body as much as possible? The following precautions are recommended for collection~
Do not drink on an empty stomach before drinking
Alcohol is absorbed faster on an empty stomach, and people tend to get drunk.
Before drinking alcohol, you caneat some high-fat, high-protein or high-carbohydrate foods< /span> (especially soluble carbohydrates such as steamed bread, bread, noodles or rice, etc.), can delay gastric emptying, delay the absorption time of alcohol in the body, and reduce the direct impact of alcohol on the esophagus and stomach Stimulate and damage, reduce the incidence of drunkenness and stomach problems.
Half an hour before drinking, you can drink milk or yogurt, attached to the stomach The protein on the surface of the mucous membrane can play a protective role, reduce the stimulation of alcohol on the stomach, and slow down the absorption of alcohol.
You can also drink somesugar water, sugar Helps to accelerate the liver’s metabolism of alcohol, and also helps to correct the problem of hypoglycemia in some people after drinking.
In addition, under the guidance of a doctor, you can take some drugs to protect the gastric mucosa or drugs to inhibit gastric acid secretion (H2 receptor antagonists) before drinking alcohol. agent), can also play a certain protective role.
Limit alcohol consumption
Alcohol It is a class 1 carcinogen defined by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) of the World Health Organization. Uncontrolled drinking can damage the gastric mucosa, leading to fatty liver, liver fibrosis, cirrhosis, acute cholecystitis, acute pancreatitis and other diseases. Excessive alcohol consumption also increases the risk of high blood pressure, stroke, breast and digestive tract cancers, and osteoporosis.
“Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents” (2022) recommends that adults drink no more than 15 grams of alcohol a day, otherwise it is considered excessive drinking. 15 grams of alcohol is equivalent to 450 milliliters of beer, 150 milliliters of red wine, and 30 milliliters of strong liquor.
Published in “Liu The research results of the journal Leaf Knife Oncology also show that:Drinking a small amount of alcohol can also cause cancer!
Heavy alcohol consumption (>60 g/day) – 346,400 new cancer cases< /p>
Risk alcohol consumption (20-60g/day) – 291,800 new cancer cases
Moderate alcohol consumption (<20g/day) - over 100,000 new cancer cases
Even if drinking less than 10 grams of alcohol per day, it still caused 41,300 new cases of cancer worldwide
Better low than high
The alcohol content of high-alcohol wine is relatively high, compared with low-alcohol wine, it can completely achieve the effect of “one mouthful for three mouthfuls” . In the case of the same amount, the higher the alcohol content, the greater the damage to the organs of the digestive system.
Don’t drink alcohol with carbonated drinks
Some people think Adding carbonated beverages to wine can dilute the alcohol concentration and improve the taste, leading to more drinking.
The gas in carbonated drinks – carbon dioxide, will not only expand the volume of the stomach, but also accelerate the speed of alcohol entering the small intestine from the stomach, and The small intestine absorbs alcohol much better than the stomach.
Pour and drink slowly
Ethanol can enter the blood within a few minutes after drinking, and the ethanol concentration in the blood can reach the highest within 30-120 minutes. Drinking too fast will cause the ethanol concentration to rise very fast, and you will soon become intoxicated.
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Food and drink combination
Drinking a lot of alcohol will consume vitamins in the body, hinder the absorption of B vitamins, and weaken the liver’s detoxification function. Coarse grains, whole wheat bread, oats, wheat bran, most green leafy vegetables, and soy products are rich in B complex Vitamins such as antioxidants and vitamins in green leafy vegetables and lecithin in soy products have a protective effect on the liver.
Do not mix drinks
< span>When different wines are mixed, they will react with each other, and the human body cannot adapt to the rapid changes in alcohol content, which will make us drink too much without knowing it, and will also show some kind of “synergy” to promote high-concentration alcohol in the human body. has greater harm to the human body.
Drink more plain water
< span>Drinking plenty of water when drinking alcohol is beneficial to promote the dilution and metabolism of alcohol, accelerate the excretion of alcohol in the body, and also reduce discomfort such as thirst after drinking.
Don’t drink tea immediately after drinking, especially strong tea
Because most of the alcohol is first metabolized in the liver, under the action of oxidase, it is first oxidized to acetaldehyde, and finally oxidized to carbon dioxide and water, and then excreted through the lungs and kidneys respectively, thus playing a hangover effect. Decomposition generally takes 2 to 4 hours.
The main component of tea is theophylline, A large amount of theophylline in strong tea exerts diuretic effect, It is easy to cause the body to lack water, and it will also promote the undecomposed acetaldehyde to enter the kidney prematurely, affecting kidney function strong>.
Don’t drink coffee
The main component of coffee is caffeine, which will neither accelerate alcohol metabolism nor reduce the damage to the body. Drinking coffee afterward will excite the central nervous system, thereby dilating capillaries, resulting in dizziness, headache and other uncomfortable symptoms. Caffeine also has a diuretic effect, and the dehydration of the body will increase, making the drunk “worse.”
Don’t take a shower right away
< span>Alcohol can inhibit the activity of the liver and hinder the release of glycogen. At the same time, the sympathetic nerve excitement after drinking will consume a lot of blood sugar. If you take a bath immediately after drinking, the blood sugar in your body cannot be replenished in time, and you are prone to dizziness, palpitations, fatigue and other symptoms. Hypoglycemic coma occurs. In addition, hot baths also dilate blood vessels, which can easily lead to insufficient blood supply to the brain and increase the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
Prevention of drunkenness
When drunk and vomit, the vomit is easily inhaled into the airway. People around you should remember to let the drunk person lie on his side, not his back, to prevent the vomit from being inhaled into the airway and causing aspiration pneumonia or suffocation. When you have uncontrollable behavior after drinking, pale face, clammy skin, coma, etc., you should dial 120 as soon as possible and send it to the nearest hospital for treatment without delay.
Although picking your throat with your hands to induce vomiting has a certain effect, the alcohol will not be absorbed by the body after spit out, but vomiting may lead to more serious nausea and vomiting , severe vomiting may increase the pressure of the duodenum, hinder the normal outflow of pancreatic juice, activate pancreatic enzymes in advance, and cause acute pancreatitis;It may cause tearing of the esophagus and stomach junctioncardia mucosa, and even massive bleeding; during vomiting, alcohol, gastric acid, etc. Re-injury to the esophagus can cause reflux esophagitis.
The safest alcohol intake is “0”
I hope everyone can reduce or stop drinking
Expert in this article｜Li Tian, Chief Physician of the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University
The cover picture and the picture in this article are from the copyright gallery
< p data-track="57">Source: Popular Science China