If diabetic patients are underweight or even too thin, they should adjust their diet and other measures in time to avoid further weight loss, especially for diabetics who are still losing weight. Compared with fat sugar, lean sugar has a lower degree of pancreatic islet resistance, but thin sugar lovers also have the problem of low blood sugar utilization, and excessive decomposition of non-sugar substances such as fat and protein, which affects the content and distribution of muscle and fat tissue. And then affect the liver and kidney tissue repair and metabolic function.
When arranging a diet for a person with emaciated diabetes, consider the following aspects:
1. Properly increase dietary calorie intake. Corresponding to different physical activity intensities (specifically divided into high-intensity heavy physical strength, medium-intensity physical strength, light physical strength or bed rest), compared with those with standard weight People need to consume 5-10 kcal more calories per kilogram of standard body weight.
2. Eat enough staple food,No When choosing a low-carb or no-carb diet, the staple food should be considered to reduce the overall glycemic index of the staple food combination. Do not deliberately deduct the total amount of staple food. This can be achieved by combining coarse grains and refined grains.
3. Increase protein intake in moderation, It is best to choose high-quality protein foods such as lean meat, eggs, dairy products, soybean products, etc. You can eat 150 grams of meat food per day, divide it into multiple meals, and don’t eat it in one meal.
4. Fat intake should not be too high,< span>As mentioned earlier, the process of increasing high-protein foods will increase fat intake by the way. If you consume more fat, it will be excessive. You can slightly increase the intake of vegetable oils, such as eating oily nuts, 15-20 grams between meals, but do not increase fat intake by eating fatty meat.
5. It is enough to eat 500~600 grams of vegetables per day. Do not eat too much. Although eating too much is good for controlling blood sugar after meals, it may affect Mineral and protein absorption, unable to improve malnutrition and underweight problems.
6. People who are thin may have malabsorption of nutrients, that is, the absorption of nutrients by the gastrointestinal tract Poor utilization. Diabetics already have obstacles in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Coupled with the diuretic effect of high blood sugar, part of the nutrients in the body will be lost with the urine. Getting thinner.
Eating less and more meals and chewing food fully in the process of eating can ensure that the nutrition of the food eaten each time can be more fully absorbed, Improve nutrient absorption and utilization.
7. Diabetics with thin bodies should not indulge themselves in eating and drinking because of weight loss, otherwise blood sugar will also rise out of control .
8. Diabetic friends who are underweight should eat some meat every day instead of sticking to vegetarianism. It is the best way to eat meat and vegetables for every meal. It can not only supplement protein, but also supplement heme element iron, and ensure better vitamin intake and utilization.
In general, when arranging a diet plan for wasting diabetic patients, they should increase their calorie intake To gain weight, you must stabilize your blood sugar as much as possible. You can’t let your weight continue to lose weight in order to control blood sugar. In fact, continuous weight loss is also a sign of poor blood sugar control.
recommended wasting diabetesIn the case of increasing dietary calories, people choose to eat less and more meals in terms of diet, and adjust the traditional three meals a day to 5 to 6 meals a day, that is, in addition to the three main meals in the morning, lunch and evening, add 2 to 3 extra meals , such as one additional meal in the morning and afternoon between meals, and one additional meal at night before going to bed.
The purpose of eating less per meal It is to improve the utilization rate of nutrient digestion and absorption, reduce the body’s metabolic burden; distribute the increased calories and nutrients to each meal, and avoid large fluctuations in blood sugar before and after meals, so as to maintain blood sugar stability throughout the day.