Turn on social media, and we often get distracted by too much bad news and spend day after day in frustration. But outside the spotlight, there are many people who are quietly working hard to do something meaningful for the world. We bring you some recent good news from the tech world and hope to bring you a day of peace of mind.
Non-hormonal male contraceptives
This fall, an oral non-hormonal contraceptive for men will enter clinical trials.
This male contraceptive was developed by Professor Gunda Georg and her team at the University of Minnesota. After more than ten years of exploration, they finally synthesized the compound YCT529 this year .
Professor Gunda Georg on the right | startribune.com
In animal experiments, this compound can cause infertility in male mice by inhibiting the expression of a protein (retinoic acid receptor alpha), can achieve 99% effective Sex, and the mice were able to fully recover their fertility 4-6 weeks after the drug was stopped. In addition, this compound does not interfere with hormone synthesis, avoids side effects such as weight gain and mood swings, and has the potential to become an effective, reversible, and safe male contraceptive.
For too long, women have had the primary role in contraception—oral contraceptives, implants, IUDs, and more. But according to research, a lot of couples actually want to try the male contraceptive pill.
In a 2021 literature review, researchers analyzed 32 existing studies on men’s contraceptive willingness and women’s trust and found that after men participated in trials of new drugs , the percentage willing to use male contraceptives ranging from 34% to 83%. Women were more likely to let their partner try the male contraceptive pill, from 42.8% to 94%. Another study also noted that men in stable, committed relationships are more likely to use male contraceptives.
Women now bear most of the responsibility for contraception｜Unsplash
In short, the male contraceptive pill provides more contraceptive options that a partner in need can try. At the same time, it can also make more and more people realize that contraception is not just for women. In addition to ligation and condoms, men can also have more contraceptive options and take more responsibility for contraception.
However, the entry of this non-hormonal male contraceptive into clinical trials is just an encouraging start, and there is still a long way to go before it is approved for marketing, and we need to be patient.
Contraceptive pills, while preventing pregnancy, do not prevent sexually transmitted diseases. To achieve safe sex, it is recommended to use condoms at the same time.
Alopecia ecstasy: Can protein grow hair?
Recently, researchers from the University of California published a study in the Biophysical Journal, suggesting that the protein TGF-β in hair follicles is a key factor in regulating the hair growth cycle, and may be used to Treat hair loss.
TGF-beta is a small protein that acts outside of cells and is the only chemical involved in activating and terminating cell division within the hair follicle. When TGF-β levels are low, it is able to activate hair follicle cell regeneration. When it is in excess, it promotes apoptosis.
Even though hair follicle cells undergo apoptosis, because they are rich in stem cells, TGF-β in the surviving stem cells can still receive the signal normally to reactivate the hair follicle and promote hair regeneration /strong>. In addition, stem cells also have the function of repairing damaged tissue cells and replacing damaged cells, so in addition to treating hair loss, it may also accelerate wound healing.
Hair! Just hold on! ｜Giphy
However, this discovery is still in the hypothetical stage, and more research is needed to prove how TGF-beta activates cell division to activate hair follicle stem cells and ultimately stimulate hair growth.
From now on, protect the remaining hair until the day the technology can be used!
Webb telescope and eye surgery
The $10 billion James Webb Space Telescope returned an ultra-clear view of the universe in July, capturing light from more than 13 billion years ago. Equipped with huge and high-precision mirrors, it can see farther and clearer than the Hubble Telescope, broadening the human viewMeasure the boundaries of the universe.
Galaxy Cluster SMACS 0723 | NASA/ESA/CSA/STScI
Webb telescope’s mirror polishing technology is not only used in space, but also in ophthalmic treatment.
In order for Webb to see very clearly, an important part is the almost perfectly smooth mirror. Even a small flaw in the mirror can cause the image to be out of focus. How could Webb have this perfect mirror? WaveFront Sciences, in partnership with NASA, has developed a technology for detecting and mapping surface textures.
This technology can also be used in ophthalmology testing and treatment, accurate measurement of a patient’s eye, diagnosing eye conditions, and has helped improve data The vision of millions of myopic patients.
Take iDesign Refractive Studio, an ophthalmic optometry device, as an example. It accurately measures the eye, maps the visual pathway and corneal curvature, and helps doctors diagnose eye problems and design treatments. ｜NASA
The eyes really hold the universe.
How to fight superbugs? Go to the depths of the desert to see
In 1928, British bacteriologist Fleming discovered the world’s first antibiotic, penicillin. Since then, various types of antibiotics have been introduced in various layers, effectively controlling the deadly infectious diseases in the past. In the process of antibiotic abuse, drug-resistant “superbugs” have emerged.
A 2019 United Nations report shows that by 2050, about 10 million people will die each year from drug-resistant diseases if drug resistance is not controlled.
Therefore, preventing the misuse of antibiotics and finding new antibiotics are the top priorities in addressing microbial resistance. To discover new antibiotics, scientists have turned their attention to creatures that live in extremely harsh environments. They argue that the more extreme the environment, the more the organism will be forced to evolve and adapt, potentially secreting more powerful antibiotics.
Following this theory, Paul Dyson, a molecular microbiologist at Swansea University School of Medicine, and academics from the Chinese Academy of Sciences deep into the Gobi Desert in search of possible living organisms. In 2013, the team isolated a new type of Streptomyces on the Alxa Plateau.
Go deep into the desert, looking for creatures that survive in extreme environments｜Creative of Tu Worm
Streptomyces is a large group of actinomycetes commonly found in the soil. It not only produces the familiar “earthy smell” but is also an important source of natural medicines.
This new species of Streptomyces not only produces antibiotics, it also grows faster than known Streptomyces species. After sequencing the bacterium’s genome, they found that the bacterium possesses a new type of tRNA that more effectively controls antibiotic production.
Of course, the development of antibiotics requires a long period of toxicology, pharmacology and clinical trials to confirm their effectiveness and safety. But if feasible, mankind will have an additional powerful weapon against “superbugs”.
Consciously reducing the misuse of antibiotics is something everyone can do before the weapons come.
Future library, a 100-year promise not to publish
In a forest north of Oslo, Norway, there are many small spruce trees about 1 meter high. Each year, the organizers invite a writer to write a book that won’t be published in their lifetime, and the manuscripts are sealed in a glass drawer in a hidden corner of the Oslo Public Library for nearly a century. Until 2114, the drawers will be opened and the grown spruce will be made into paper and 100 stories hidden for a century will be printed and made public.
100 locked glass drawers, each holding a manuscript | Richard Fisher
Why build a library where no one can read these books now?
Patterson is obsessed with the artistic theme of “Humanity and Time Span.” Based on her life experience in Iceland, she published her first artwork, “Voice”, at the age of 26. “Voice” is a string of phone numbers that anyone can call to hear Iceland’s glaciers melt. Since then, Patterson has explored deeper time spans from different perspectives in geology, astronomy, and the humanities, and the “library of the future” is a romantic extension of this theme.
Once a year, artists, writers, rangers, librarians, local residents and more meet in this forest. People sit with their children and pets on a spruce-surrounded hillside to witness the ceremony of the handing over of manuscripts by writers.
The surrounding small spruce will later be used as paper for publishing books｜Future Library/Jola McDonald
The manuscripts were sealed in a wooden warehouse called the “House of Silence.” In the warehouse, 100 locked glass drawers run along the ridge of the wall, each holding a manuscript. When you take off your shoes and enter the interior, look up at the light shining through the glass, and touch the circles of wood marks like annual rings with your fingers, you may be able to appreciate the calming power that time gives to human beings.
“Future Library” encourages everyone to look at the future with a longer-term perspective, reflect on their responsibilities to future generations, and think about what we can leave behind for mankind. While people look at the future and build the future, they also leave unforgettable memories today.
How will humanity exist in 100 years? We are thinking about what we can leave for future generations, and we are holding each other’s hands as we think.
 A non-hormonal pill could soon expand men’s birth control optionshttps:https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/pressroom/newsreleases/2022/march/ non-hormonal-pill-could-soon-expand-mens-birth-control-options.html
Reynolds-Wright, J. J., Cameron, N. J., & Anderson, R. A. (2021). Will men use novel male contraceptive methods and will women trust them? A systematic review. The Journal of Sex Research, 58(7), 838-849.
Campo-Engelstein, L. (2012). Contraceptive justice: why we need a male pill. AMA Journal of Ethics, 14(2), 146-151.
 Dinh K, Wang Q. A probabilistic Boolean model on hair follicle cell fate regulation by TGF-β. Biophys J. 2022 Jul 5;121(13):2638-2652. doi: 10.1016/j.bpj.2022.05.035. Epub 2022 Jun 16. PMID: 35714600; PMCID: PMC9300639.
Have scientists discovered the cure for baldness?https:https://www.ibtimes.co.uk/have-scientists-discovered-cure-baldness-1702921
Dinh, K., & Wang, Q. (2022). A probabilistic Boolean model on hair follicle cell fate regulation by TGF-β. Biophysical Journal, 121(13), 2638-2652.
NASA Tech for Webb Telescope Mirrors Boosts Eye Surgery Precisionhttps:https://www.nasa.gov/directorates/spacetech/spinoff/NASA_Tech_for_Webb_Telescope_Mirrors_Boosts_Eye_Surgery_Precision
A Tool for Fighting Superbugs Has Been Found Deep in the Deserthttps:https://www.wired.com/story/desert-bacterium-fighting-superbugs/
The Norwegian library with unreadable bookshttps:https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20220630-the-norwegian-library-with-unreadable-books
Katie Paterson https:https://katiepaterson.org/
Edit: Small towel, You Shiyou
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