Girls are really too difficult, and they start to suffer a week before menstruation
Acne, diarrhea, abdominal pain, constipation, mood Depression, sadness, anxiety, fatigue, depression, depression…
A bunch of symptoms, the state is really bad! Nothing goes my way!
If you also have these symptoms, don’t blame yourself. This is: Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS).
What are the symptoms of PMS?
There are many potential signs and symptoms of PMS, but most women experience only a few of them. question.
- lEmotional and behavioral signs and symptoms
- < span>lnervous or anxious
- lmood Depression
- lMood swings and irritability
- lAppetite changes and eating Impulsivity
- lDifficulty falling asleep (insomnia)
- l social withdrawal
- ldifficulty concentrating< /span>
- lChanges in libido
Physical signs and symptoms
- ljoint pain or myalgia
- lfatigue< /span>
- lWeight gain associated with fluid retention
- l Bloating
- lbreast tenderness
- lAcne flare-ups
constipation or diarrhea
- lalcohol intolerance< /li>
For some people, this physical pain and emotional stress is severe enough to interfere with their daily lives. Signs and symptoms generally disappear within four days of the onset of a menstrual period in most women, regardless of severity.
What causes PMS?
The exact cause of PMS is unknown, but several factors may contribute to the disorder:
Cyclic changes in hormones. The signs and symptoms of PMS can change with fluctuating hormone levels and disappear with pregnancy and menopause.
Chemical changes in the brain. Fluctuations in serotonin, a brain chemical (neurotransmitter), are thought to be closely associated with mood states and trigger PMS. Insufficient amounts of serotonin may lead to premenstrual depression, as well as fatigue, urges to eat, and sleep problems.
Depression. Some women with severe PMS also have undiagnosed depression, but depression alone does not cause all symptoms.
Can PMS be treated?
Yes, it can be relieved by diet, exercise and medicine.
If your symptoms are mild to moderate, they can usually be relieved with lifestyle or dietary changes. For example:
- lEat a diet rich in complex carbohydrates. A complex carbohydrate-rich diet can reduce mood symptoms and food cravings. Complex carbohydrates are found in whole-grain foods like whole-wheat bread, pasta, and cereal. Other examples are barley, brown rice, beans and lentils.
- lAdd calcium-rich foods such as yogurt and green leafy vegetables to your diet.
- lReduce your intake of fat, salt and sugar.
- lAvoid caffeine and alcohol.
- lChange your eating schedule. Eat six small meals a day instead of three large meals, or eat slightly smaller meals, plus three light snacks. Keeping blood sugar levels stable will help relieve symptoms.
- lTaking 1,200 milligrams (mg) of calcium daily can help reduce the physical and emotional symptoms of PMS. Taking magnesium supplements may help reduce water retention (“bloating”), breast tenderness, and mood symptoms. A study suggests that vitamin E may help reduce the symptoms of PMS.
In addition to diet, women can also exercise to relieve PMS.
Because proper exercisecan reduce fatigue and depression. Aerobic exercise, including brisk walking, running, cycling, and swimming, increases your heart rate and lung function. Exercise regularly, not just on days when you have symptoms. A good goal is to get at least 30 minutes of exercise on most days of the week.
For severe symptoms that have completely affected normal life, you may need to go to the hospital to find a professional doctor for drug treatment. Currently clinically available drugs include:
Medications that prevent ovulation, such as hormonal contraceptive methods, may reduce physical symptoms. But not all of them relieve the mood symptoms of PMS. It may be necessary to try more than one drug before finding one that works.
Antidepressants can help treat PMS in some women. These medications can help reduce mood symptoms. They can be used up to 2 weeks before symptoms appear or throughout the menstrual cycle. There are many types of antidepressants. If one doesn’t work for you, your OB-GYN may prescribe another.
If anxiety is your main PMS symptom, you might try anti-anxiety medication if other treatments don’t seem to help. Take anti-anxiety medication as needed when you have symptoms.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, can help reduce pain. Talk to your ob-gyn before taking NSAIDs. Long-term use of NSAIDs may cause stomach bleeding or ulcers.
Diuretics (“water pills”) are medications that help reduce fluid buildup. If water retention is your main symptom, your ob-gyn can prescribe diuretics. Tell your ob-gyn what other medicines you are taking, especially NSAIDs. Using NSAIDs and diuretics at the same time may cause kidney problems.