Deng Xihou (1889-1964), courtesy name Jinkang, was born in Yingshan County, Sichuan Province, Graduated from Baoding Military Academy, Chinese military strategist, former vice chairman of the Southwest Military and Political Committee, minister of water conservancy, patriot, battalion commander of the National Defense Army, company commander, battalion commander, regiment commander, division commander, army commander, group army commander-in-chief, army general .
He is a famous anti-Japanese general. After the victory of the Anti-Japanese War, he was regarded as a leader in the Sichuan Army. In 1923, he joined the Second Army, the First Army, the Third Army and the border defense In May 1924, he was appointed as the governor of Sichuan Province by the Beijing government. In September 1937, he served as the commander-in-chief of the 22nd Group Army, led his troops out of Sichuan to fight against Japan, and participated in the “Taierzhuang Victory”. On September 9, 1946, he acted as the chairman of Sichuan Province and served as the chairman of Sichuan Province the following year. On December 9, 1949, he led an electrified uprising in Peng County. After 1949, he successively served as vice chairman of the Southwest Military and Political Committee and Minister of Water Resources, vice governor of the Sichuan Provincial People’s Government, member of the Central Committee of the Chinese Revolutionary Committee, and deputy to the National People’s Congress. From 1938 to 1948, he served as the director of the Chuankang Appeasement Office, commanding the military power in Sichuan Province and Xikang Province. Deng Xihou was the actual first leader of the Sichuan Baoding Department in the Republic of China. On September 23, 1955, he was awarded the First Class Liberation Medal. He died in Chengdu on March 30, 1964 at the age of 75.
Worshiping Pang Tong as a teacher
In January 1923, Liu Chengxun, commander-in-chief of the Sichuan Army in Sichuan Province, Xiong Kewu, commander of the First Army, and Sichuan Frontier Guards Commander Lai Xinhui and others jointly attacked Deng Xihou, Tian Songyao and others. The war between the two sides was stalemate in Mianyang, Zhongjiang and Luojiang. Deng and Tian Songyao came to Baimaguan Pang Gong (Shi Yuan) Temple outside the west gate of Luojiang County, and Deng Xihou read the biography of Pang Tong Gong (Shi Yuan). He made up his mind at once. It was immediately decided to transfer Li Jiayu, commander of the sixth brigade from Deng’s department as the general reserve, as the commander in chief of the front enemy, and regimental commander Luo Zezhou as the forward, to sneak attack Chengdu. Liu Chengxun, commander-in-chief of the Sichuan Army, went to the field by telegram.
Dengbu Five Tigers
Huang Yin (1890 Year-1969) Lieutenant General, Army Commander. Zi Yimin, a native of Huayang County (now Shuangliu County), Sichuan. The first mayor of Chengdu, China. Born in 1890. Graduated from the first phase of Baoding Military Academy.
Li Jiayu and Luo Zezhou were under Deng’s subordinates, but they had a complicated relationship with Deng after the Beidao War in 1931 and were in a semi-separated state. After the outbreak of the Anti-Japanese War, it was Deng’s 22nd Army that went out of Sichuan. Li Jiayu fought the bloody Anti-Japanese War in 1944, and was awarded the rank of general after his death. Luo Zezhou committed suicide in 1950.
Chen Shunong, a native of Dagou, Yanjia, Jianzhou (now Jianyang, Sichuan). Army commander, lieutenant general rank. After graduating from the Army Officer Academy, he served as head of Deng Xihou’s regiment in 1921 and was promoted to brigade commander the following year. In 1924, the Beijing government awarded him a lieutenant general, and on December 1, he was promoted to the commander of the 3rd Division of the Deng Department. Occupied the defensive areas of Hechuan, Wusheng, Tongliang and other places for seven years. After the outbreak of the Anti-Japanese War, Chen Shunong went to Sichuan to fight against Japan with Deng Xihou. He successively served as the commander of the 125th Division, the commander of the 45th Army, and the commander of the 47th Army. After the war, he served as the commander of the 12th Appeasement Area. He retired due to illness.
Ma Yuzhi (1894-1956), Hui nationality, courtesy name Dezhai, was born in Chengdu, Sichuan Province. rank of lieutenant general. Graduated from Chuanguanben Academy. Deputy Commander of the 45th Army of the 22nd Group Army of the National Revolutionary Army, Chief of Staff of the Chuankang Appeasement Office, and General Counselor of the Chuankang Appeasement Office. Lieutenant General of the National Revolutionary Army. On December 9, 1949, he participated in the uprising in Peng County, Sichuan. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, he served as a librarian of the Sichuan Provincial Museum of Culture and History, and died of illness in Chengdu in 1956.
Dog fighting with Qiu Qingquan
During the period of the Republic of China, Deng Xihou likes Chongqing dogs (Chongqing dogs) very much, and has many dogs at home. The Kuomintang general Qiu Qingquan returned from studying in Germany and brought back two German shepherd dogs. Knowing that Deng Xihou likes to keep dogs, Qiu Qingquan insisted on fighting with Deng Xihou’s Chongqing dog. As a result, Qiu Qingquan’s two shepherd dogs were killed and the other injured.
Love to grow orchids
Deng Xihou Mansion is located in Chengdu On Fangxi Street, there are many precious Suxin orchids, which are managed by flower workers. Deng Xihou built a private villa “Kangzhuang” in Baihuatan, Chengdu (now Baihuatan Park), which also has an orchid garden. The precious orchids owned by Deng Xihou were among the best in Sichuan at that time.
Protecting the cultural relics of the Forbidden City moving south
Anti-Japanese War in 1937 Before the outbreak of the war, the cultural relics of the Forbidden City in Beiping had been moved to the south. After the outbreak of the Anti-Japanese War in Nanjing, the cultural relics of the Forbidden City were gradually moved to Chengdu. After Deng Xihou led the 22nd Group Army out of Sichuan in 1937, he was ordered to return to Sichuan in March 1938 to serve as the director of the Chuankang Appeasement Director’s Office. At that time, more than 600 boxes of cultural relics from the Forbidden City were shipped from Chengdu to Emei. After Deng Xihou learned of the situation, he ordered protection in the name of the director of the Chuankang Appeasement Office. After the victory of the Anti-Japanese War, President Ma Heng of the Forbidden City exhibited some cultural relics of the Forbidden City in Chengdu in order to thank the people of Sichuan for their help. Deng Xihou was also the chairman of Sichuan Province at that time, so he wrote to Dean Ma, hoping to display more cultural relics from the Forbidden City for the people of Sichuan to see.
Source: Biographical stories of historical figures