Daily traditional Chinese medicine – Andrographis paniculata

Andrographis paniculata is the whole herb of Andrographis paniculata, an annual herb of the Acanthaceae family. Originally produced in subtropical regions, it is now cultivated in South China, North China and Southwest China. Harvested in early autumn when just blooming, the quality is better. Cut into sections, dried in the sun, or used fresh.

【Prescription name】

Andrographis paniculata, a Jianxi, Lamane.

【Meridians of Sex and Flavor】

Bitter, cold. Return lung, stomach, large intestine, small intestine channel.

【Efficacy and indications】

This taste is bitter Cold, returns to the lung, stomach, large intestine, and small intestine meridian, can clear the heat and poison of the lung and stomach, and dry the damp heat of the large and small intestine. It has a strong heat-clearing, detoxifying and damp-drying effect. It has the effect similar to Coptis chinensis.

1. Heat-clearing and detoxifying: used for lung-heat cough, lung abscess coughing up pus and blood, sore throat, and this product can be used alone to grind finely At the end, put it in a capsule and swallow it. It is especially good to use it in combination with the syndrome. It can be used in combination with Digupi, Morus alba, and Scutellaria baicalensis to treat cough and asthma due to lung heat. To treat lung abscess, cough and spit out purulent sputum, it can be combined with Houttuynia cordata, Platycodon grandiflorum, and winter melon kernel. It can be used with Folium Folium Folium and Arctium Folium to treat sore throat; it can be used for sore boils, wound infection and snake venom bites, it can be mashed with fresh products for external application, or it can be used with honeysuckle, wild chrysanthemum, aescin and white flower Snake Grass is equally used to clear away heat, detoxify and reduce swelling.

2. Clearing away heat and dampness: used for diarrhea, hot stranguria and eczema. Compatible with Houttuynia cordata and Cortex Phellodendri. It can be used in the same way as plantain, imperata root, and thistle to treat bladder damp-heat, stranguria and astringent pain. It can be used to treat eczema and itching, and its powdered glycerin can be applied.

【Dosage and Usage】

6~15 grams , decoction. Grind powder and swallow 1.5-3 grams, suitable for capsules. Do more pills, powders, and tablets. Appropriate amount for external use.

【Caution for use】

People with spleen and stomach deficiency Not suitable for use.


“Lingnan herbs “Records”: “It can detoxify snake venom, but also treat internal injuries and coughs.”

“Quanzhou Materia Medica”: “Clears heat and detoxification, reduces inflammation and swelling. Treatment Throat inflammation, dysentery, high fever.”

Pharmaceutical ingredients: The leaves of this product contain diterpene lactone compounds, including andrographolide (deoxygenated andrographolide), andrographolide (andrographolide), andrographolide (new andrographolide), etc. It also contains andrographene, andrographolone, andrographolol, etc.

Pharmacology: The decoction has inhibitory effects on a variety of pathogenic bacteria, and has an inhibitory effect on Leptospira It can inhibit pyrogenic type, Australian type and influenza typhoid type; it can delay the transformation of human embryonic kidney cells caused by orphan virus echu11; it can enhance leukocyte phagocytosis, antibacterial and antipyretic effects.

(The content is taken from the textbook “Chinese Medicine” edited by Yang Yongliang)