This is a heart-wrenching incident. A freshman from Wuchang Institute of Technology, who had no health problems during the entrance examination, died suddenly while playing basketball on the third day after entering the school. So what are the possible causes of sudden death in young people?
1. Malignant arrhythmias, which include ventricular tachycardia, complete atrioventricular dissociation, ventricular fibrillation, etc. These conditions can be cured if they are not treated within a minute or two. May gradually transition to cardiac arrest and result in death.
2. Pulmonary embolism. There is only one blood vessel connecting the heart and the lungs. Normally, blood flows unobstructed, but if a blood clot forms in a certain part of the body and falls off, the embolus will As blood flows throughout the body, it will eventually fall into the pulmonary artery, the blood vessel between the heart and the lungs. If blocked, it will lead to sudden death.
3. Cerebral hemorrhage, some patients with congenital cerebrovascular malformations may rupture cerebral blood vessels during strenuous exercise and cause hemorrhage. When the blood volume is relatively large, the brain will be squeezed. The brain is responsible for heartbeat and breathing The center of the brainstem – the brainstem will be squeezed to the foramen magnum, the exit of the cranial cavity. Once the brainstem is severely compressed, its function will be inhibited, resulting in cardiac and respiratory arrest.
Currently, the conclusion given by the school is sudden death caused by cardiac arrest. The specific cause of cardiac arrest is still unknown.