WHO: Every 2 seconds, a person under 70 dies from this disease

▎WuXi Adapt Content Team Editor

Recently, the World Health Organization released a report entitled “Invisible numbers: The true extent of non-communicable diseases: The true extent of noncommunicable diseases and what to do about them), introduced the global noncommunicable diseases(NCD)harm, risk factors, and preventive measures.

Today, Health Extractor will take you through some of the highlights of this report.

Screenshot source: Reference [1]

Key figures:

Noncommunicable diseases kill 41 million people each year, with 41.5% occurring in people under the age of 70;

Top 4 NCDs cause more than 80%more deaths;

45%+ of deaths from NCDs are associated with 4 modifiable risk factors;

With interventions, 39 million deaths could be avoided by 2030.

Nearly three-quarters of global deaths are related to non-communicable diseases

The report states that Non-communicable diseases, also known as “chronic diseases”, tend to have a longer duration and are a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and The result of a combination of behavioral factors. People of all ages, regions and countries are affected by these diseases.

Deaths from cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, diabetes and other non-communicable diseases have surpassed communicable diseases as “ The world’s number one killer“.

Non-communicable diseases caused 41 million deaths in 2019, accounting for 74% of all deaths worldwide (nearly 3/strong> 4). Of these, 17 million (41.5%) occurred in people under the age of 70, or premature deaths; the equivalent of every In 2 seconds, a person under the age of 70 dies from a non-communicable disease.

Image source: 123RF

4 major NCDs account for more than 80% of deaths

Cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease and diabetes are the top four noncommunicable diseases. These four types of diseases account for more than 80% of the total number of deaths from non-communicable diseases.

▲The four major non-communicable diseases account for more than 80% of the deaths from non-communicable diseases (Data source: Reference [1]; Graphics: WuXi Kant Content Team)

▲Top 4 NCDs (Data source: Reference [1]; Graphics: WuXi AppTec Content Team)

45% of deaths are associated with 4 modifiable risk factors

Non-communicable diseases occur as a result of multiple risk factors. Although some risk factors cannot be changed, such as type 1 diabetes and some genetic causes of cancer. However, a significant number of risk factors are still modifiable, most notably the 4 unhealthy lifestyles: smoking, unhealthy diet, alcohol consumption and physical inactivity.

About 45% of deaths from non-communicable diseases globally are associated with these four risk factors.

▲4 major modifiable risk factors (Data source: Reference [1]; Graphics: WuXi AppTec Content Team)

Top 4 Metabolic Risk Factors

Tobacco use, unhealthy diet, alcohol consumption and physical inactivity also contribute to metabolic risk factors for non-communicable diseases, four of which are the most important—< strong>High blood pressure, overweight or obesity, elevated blood sugar and cholesterol further increase the risk of morbidity and mortality from NCDs.

▲4 major metabolic risk factors (Data source: Reference [1]; Drawing: WuXi AppTec Content Team)

Steps to avert 39 million deaths

Deaths from non-communicable diseases are preventable, controllable, and most can be prevented or delayed by removing risk factors,

reports occur or die.

At least 39 million NCD deaths are expected to avert by 2030 if every country and individual implements known, effective interventions .

For countries, to take an integrated approach, with all sectors including health, finance, transport, education, agriculture, planning and others working together, To reduce risk factors associated with non-communicable diseases and promote intervention and management, providing people with convenient non-communicable disease detection, screening, treatment and palliative care to reduce the incidence of disease and mortality risk.

For individuals, adhere to a healthy lifestyle as much as possible, such as reducing tobacco use, not smoking, not being exposed to secondhand smoke; not drinking alcohol, preferably Do not drink alcohol; exercise regularly; eat a healthy diet, eat a variety of foods, reduce salt, saturated fat and sugar intake, eat a balanced nutrition, and replace energy-dense but micronutrient-deficient foods with healthy foods.

At the same time, we also need to regularly measure blood pressure and blood sugar, and take timely lifestyle interventions or medication to keep them within a healthy range.

Image source: 123RF


The report concludes by underscoring that not enough is known about the links between NCDs and their risk factors.

“This report is a reminder to beattentive to the true scale of the threat posed by NCDs and their risk factors,” Tan Dr Desai said. “Globally applicable NCD interventions that every country, individual, should adhere to so that more people can benefit from them and live longer, healthier and happier lives“.

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