Kidney is a very important detoxification and metabolism organ of the human body, and also has a certain endocrine function strong>, the impact on water and electrolyte balance is also very large, so the kidney has always been known as the human body’s “internal environment stabilizer”.
Although the function of the kidney is very powerful, the kidney itself is Quite fragile.
Aidoduo reminds: To protect the kidneys, pay more attention to the following 4 types of food.
1. High-protein diet
For< strong>For people with impaired renal function, a high-protein diet will increase the burden on the kidneys and lead to aggravation of the disease. The onset of chronic kidney disease is hidden, and many patients have no obvious symptoms in the early stage, but when they are discovered, they are in the middle and late stages. Therefore, it is recommended that everyone pay attention to regular physical examinations and do not “go to extremes” in daily diet.
For healthy adults, the daily protein intake is about 1.0-1.2g/kg. If the body weight is 60kg, then the required protein intake per day is 60-72g.
For people with renal insufficiency, their protein intake should follow the doctor’s advice.
2. High-salt food
According to the “Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents (2022)”, the daily salt intake per person should be less than 5 grams strong>.
The kidney is the most important organ for sodium metabolism. Eating too much salt will increase the burden on the kidneys, and it will damage the kidneys in the long run.
In addition to reducing the use of salt, you should also reduce the use of high-sodium seasonings when cooking, such as soy sauce, monosodium glutamate, chicken essence, watercress, yellow sauce, etc. Eat less pickled food, such as pickles, pickles, prunes, kimchi, etc.;
eat less sausage, bacon, ham strong> and other processed meat products and high-salt snacks, such as biscuits, potato chips, shrimp crackers, plums, candied dates, preserved apricots, etc.
3. High purine food
Ingesting a large amount of high-purine foods in a short period of time, such as seafood, animal offal, thick gravy soup, etc., will increase the uric acid content in the human body.
If there is a problem with the in vivo metabolic system, the body cannot decompose high-purine substances by itself, and uric acid deposits will appear Phenomenon, leading to an increase in uric acid levels, severe hyperuricemia, even damage to kidney function.
At the same time, in order to prevent the uric acid level in the body from rising, you should limit the intake of high fructose and alcoholic foods, such asfreshly squeezed fruit juice, honey, sugary drinks, Alcoholic beverages, etc.
4. High oxalate food h1>
There have been news reports that eating large amounts of foods high in oxalic acid, such as purslane, can lead to acute kidney injury.
Oxalic acid is easy to form oxalic acid crystals in the body, which are blocked in the renal tubules, causing toxins in the body to not be discharged in time and causing acute kidney injury.
For foods rich in oxalic acid, such as amaranth, spinach, purslane, asparagus and bamboo shoots, etc., blanch them before eating to reduce Oxalic acid content. In addition, be careful not to drink strong tea for a long time.
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