Do you know the dangers of hyperlipidemia?
Do you know how to judge high blood lipids?
Do you know who is more prone to hyperlipidemia?
One, the harm of hyperlipidemia
We often talk about the three highs. In fact, the three highs are not a disease, but a general term for three diseases, including hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia.
Hyperlipidemia is also known as hyperlipidemia. Long-term high blood lipids will lead to an increased risk of vascular blockage. That is to say, long-term elevated blood lipids will increase lipid-like substances in blood vessels. increase, eventually producing more vascular waste. Over time, vascular waste will accumulate on the inner wall of blood vessels, forming plaques, and the aggravation of plaques will lead to cardiovascular stenosis and cause ischemia.
When a plaque ruptures, a blood clot can form, leading to a heart attack or a brain infarction.
Hyperlipidemia is the main cause of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
There is another item in blood lipids called triglyceride, but when the triglyceride exceeds 5.6mmol/L, it will also increase the risk of acute pancreatitis.
Therefore, long-term hyperlipidemia not only increases the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, but also increases the risk of acute pancreatitis.
But what are the manifestations or discomforts of our body, indicating that our blood lipids are high?
Second, how to judge hyperlipidemia?
Some people say to look at the ears, look at the nose, to see if there is dizziness, memory loss.
In fact, it is not entirely true, because most of the high blood lipids do not have any obvious manifestations, and we cannot judge from the appearance and feeling.
If you have to say that blood lipids are high in terms of performance, there are really two points:
1. Eye aging ring
One is the old age ring, which is a white circle around the black eyeball. It is generally more common in the elderly, but this manifestation in young people may be hyperlipidemia.
The other is xanthoma, which mainly contains adipose tissue and infiltration of macrophages, which may also be a manifestation of hyperlipidemia.
Especially young people, if they have the above two symptoms, they need to check blood lipids to see if LDL cholesterol is high.
However, this high blood lipid profile, called familial hypercholesterolemia, is a genetic disorder,
The incidence of acute myocardial infarction with this type of high blood lipids is approximately 8 times that of the general population.
There are two types: homozygous and heterozygous.
Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia usually develops symptoms and signs of coronary heart disease around the age of 10, and most of them die of cardiovascular disease before the age of 30. Heterozygotes can suffer from coronary heart disease at the age of 30 to 50 years.
3. Only the test is more accurate
But these are not the high blood lipids that we usually see. The hyperlipidemia that we often say, the vast majority of people do not feel or show.
We iron powder all know that if adults have high blood lipids, they have to go to blood tests to see if the four items of blood lipids are high, whether the triglycerides are high, and whether the low density is high. High, see how much higher, in order to make a corresponding plan to control blood lipids.
So, high blood lipidsNot high, not by looking, but by testing.
Third, these people need to pay attention to blood lipids?
For people with an unhealthy lifestyle, unhealthy diet, overweight, people with hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and people with family history, they should check their blood lipids every six months to a year. item.
Even people over 40 should know about their four lipid profiles.
Have you checked your four blood lipids in the last year?
Are your vascular LDL cholesterol and triglycerides normal?
If it is abnormal, you need to pay attention to it and control it as soon as possible to avoid developing cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases or pancreatitis!