Mr. Liu, 45 years old, has had very frequent diarrheadiarrhea , I even have to go to the toilet 4 or 5 times a day. But the amount of defecation is not much each time, and the shape of the stool isthin and long.
Besides frequent diarrhea, he had no other symptoms, so he didn’t take it too seriously.
From about last week, Mr. Liu found himself In addition to diarrhea, there were also abnormal manifestations of abdominal pain and blood in the stool.
This made him feel that something was wrong, and he felt flustered and frightened, so he hurriedly took a day to go to the hospital for an examination.
Discovered by colonoscopy, Mr. Liu There are abnormal lesions in the intestinal tract of , which are shown by pathological biopsy as rectal cancer. This result made Mr. Liu feel unacceptable. He just defecated more often, so why did he get cancer?
After news of Mr. Liu’s cancer spread, relatives and friends exploded and were shocked. Many people start to panic because they sometimes defecate multiple times a day. Is there any relationship between defecation frequency and bowel cancer?
1. Three stools a day or one stool every three days, which one is bowel cancer?
Defecation is an important channel for the body to excrete waste from the body. Which of these conditions is more likely to be cancer?
Dr. Xu Zhijie, Department of Gastroenterology, Peking University Third Hospital said, Whether it is three times a day or once every three days, it is actually normal. This is not the only indicator of gut health.
How often do you defecate How about healthier?
A study published by King’s College London pointed out that 1-2 times a day is a more ideal state, and < /span>It is best to have a bowel movement after a meal.
In addition to the frequency, the shape of the stool and the feeling during defecation can also assist in judging whether it is normal. Under normal circumstances, the feces should be brownish yellow, with a slight odor, in the form of strips of non-sticky soft stools, which are not sticky when flushed. It won’t stick to the toilet when you use it. Each defecation can be resolved within 5 minutes, and the body feels obviously relaxed after defecation.
Second, this kind of poop, you need to be careful or bowel cancer
After daily defecation, it is recommended that everyone observe the shape of their feces. If you have these symptoms, you need to be alert to bowel cancer.
First of all, when the color of the stool is abnormal, for example, when no food containing a lot of pigment is taken,The stool is black, red, with a fishy smell,You need to be alert to bowel cancer.
When there is a tumor in the intestinal tract, it is easy to irritate the mucous membrane when the feces pass, and then cause mucosal bleeding. Most of the bleeding caused by intestinal cancer will be in the feces. And intestinal cancer has blood in the stool, due to the relationship between blood, it will appear Fishy smell.
Secondly, pay attention to observe the shape of the feces. Ifthe feces become thin and sticky You need to be alert to the fact that there is a tumor in the intestine that causes the stool to be squeezed. When the tumor stimulates the surrounding intestine, mucus secretion will continue to increase, so the stool will be mucus, even in the When there is too much mucus secretion, the mucus may be excreted separately.
Finally, you need to pay attention to observe whether your bowel movements are regular. If it occurs suddenly in a short period of time Diarrhea and constipation appear alternately, or frequent constipation and diarrhea, you need to be alert to intestinal dysfunction caused by intestinal cancer.
Third, a check to help you find out the bowel Cancer, don’t be reluctant to spend money
Researchers from Stanford University have conducted a study on more than 6 million residents of Florida, USA, and found that people aged 45-49 Colonoscopy was associated with a 50% reduction in the risk of colorectal cancer in those who received colonoscopy compared with those who did not.
In my country, less than 15% of people over 50 years of age receive colonoscopy, and most people have Obvious resistance.
Through colonoscopy, doctors can visually see The shape of the anal canal, rectum, colon, and sigmoid colon of the subject can be examined. At the same time, polyps in the intestine can be directly resected, and biopsy and cytology examinations can be performed. It has important diagnostic significance for more than 40 diseases such as enteritis, intestinal tuberculosis, intestinal polyps, adenoma and intestinal cancer.
Colonoscopy is the “gold standard” for the diagnosis of colorectal cancer. A high-quality colonoscopy may prevent bowel cancer for 5 to 10 years.
“Common malignant Tumor Screening and Prevention Recommendations (2022 Edition)”It is suggested that these types of people must undergo colonoscopy screening as soon as possible.
①Age over 45 years old;
②There are immediate relatives in the family History of bowel cancer;
③Over 40 years old
④People with long-term ulcerative colitis;
⑤The population after treatment of colorectal adenoma.
4. To prevent colorectal cancer, keep 4 points in mind
Data released by the International Agency for Research on Cancer of the World Health Organization show that colorectal cancer is the top 10 cancers in my country,About 560,000 person-times,has surpassed the incidence of breast cancer and gastric cancer, and is the second largest cancer after lung cancer.
It is actually not difficult to prevent colon cancer. You should pay attention to these things every day.
1. Eat more dietary fiber
Eating more foods rich in dietary fiber can help prevent bowel cancer. Dietary fiber can not only improve the intestinal microenvironment, but also reduce the effect of carcinogens and intestinal mucosa. Note that while supplementing dietary fiber, it is also necessary to ensure a balanced intake of other nutrients, such as proper intake of vitamin D and moderate calcium supplementation.
2. Eat less red meat and processed meat< /span>
Bacon, ham, sausage and other processed meat, as well as red meat such as pork, beef and sheep, should be eaten as little as possible. These meat products are associated with an increased risk of bowel cancer.
3. Quit smoking and drinking
Smoking and drinking are both risk factors for colon cancer, and the greater the intake, the higher the risk of colon cancer. Smoking can increase the risk of colon cancer by 20%. Zhejiang University School of Public Health The researchers found that drinking more than four drinks a day was associated with a 21 percent increased risk of bowel cancer.
4. Reasonable exercise
WHO recommendation The amount of exercise can reduce the risk of bowel cancer by about 7%, provided that the amount of exercise is sufficient. It is recommended that adults maintain at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise every week, such as jogging and walking are good choices.
Bowel cancer is a serious health threat, but it actually It is called “good cancer” clinically, because there are many opportunities to find it in the early stage. For high-risk groups, regular colonoscopy must be carried out. Early detection + regular physical examination are the best partners to prevent bowel cancer.
 “There are two” bowel movements a day Prime time”! Gastroenterologist: Helps prevent anorectal diseases. Life Times. 2021-04-08
 Chinese Medical Association Gastroenterology Branch, Chinese Medical Association Gastroenterology Subcommittee Tumor Collaboration Group. Consensus Opinions on Colorectal Cancer Prevention in China (2016, Shanghai) [J]. Chinese Journal of Digestion, 2016,36(11): 721-733.
 “After the age of 45, everyone should have a colonoscopy!” Data analysis of 6 million people: It can reduce the risk of colorectal cancer by 50%. Life Times. 2021-03-30
 Chinese Journal of Oncology, October 2019, No. Volume 41, Issue 10. ChinJOncol,October2019,Vol.41,No.10
Reprinting is prohibited without the author’s permission