Patients with hyperlipidemia don’t know what to eat, so what foods can lower blood lipids?

Hyperlipidemia is a typical “rich man’s disease”. Although many people have no obvious symptoms in the early stage of the disease, it is very harmful to the human body. In the treatment of hyperlipidemia, in addition to standardizing medication, dietary regulation is also very important. But for many patients with hyperlipidemia, the most difficult thing is probably not what to eat, but not knowing what to eat. So which foods can lower blood lipids?

1. Hawthorn

Hawthorn is a traditional medicine and food Fruit, modern pharmacological studies have proved that hawthorn has the effect of lowering blood fat and can be used to prevent and treat hyperlipidemia. Its lipid-lowering mechanism is to reduce blood lipids by inhibiting the synthesis of cholesterol by the liver and promoting the liver to absorb cholesterol from the blood. In addition, it can also promote a large amount of bile acid excretion, promote fat oxidation and degradation, and reduce blood lipids.

However, hawthorn is an acidic substance. If consumed for a long time, side effects such as acid reflux, upset stomach or stomach pain, nausea, and mild diarrhea may occur. Therefore, hawthorn is best eaten after meals, not on an empty stomach. For patients with gastroduodenal ulcer, long-term consumption of hawthorn may aggravate the ulcer, which should be noted.

2. Apple

Apple contains fiber and pectin, which is good for gastrointestinal motility and clears serum cholesterol. Calcium in apples helps metabolize excess salt in the body and eliminate edema. At the same time, apples are rich in potassium, which can relieve edema caused by excessive sodium intake and have a diuretic effect. According to relevant data, the cholesterol content of people who often eat apples is about 20% lower than that of people who do not often eat apples. But because apples are rich in sugar, diabetic patients should not eat too much. From the perspective of preventive health care, it is more appropriate to eat an apple a day.

3. Kelp

Kelp is A dish with high nutritional value, rich in iodine, calcium, unsaturated fatty acids and so on. For patients with hyperlipidemia, eating some kelp in moderation can help reduce serum total cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and help lower blood lipids. But it should be noted that the iodine content of kelp is very high, and the human body cannot take in too much iodine, so we must pay attention to the intake.

4. Sweet potato

Sweet potato is a common food in life, especially eating a hot roasted sweet potato in winter, warms the heart and stomach. Moreover, sweet potato is a kind of coarse grain, high in quality and low in price, and it is grown in most areas. Eating sweet potatoes regularly has many health benefits. Because sweet potatoes are rich in more than 10 trace elements such as potassium, β-carotene, and B vitamins, it has high nutritional value. Moreover, the large amount of dietary fiber contained in sweet potatoes can enhance peristalsis, defecate and detoxify, especially for senile constipation. At the same time, eating sweet potatoes can also lower blood cholesterol and prevent “modern diseases” such as sub-health and cardiovascular diseases.

5. Fungi

Fungus include mushrooms, straw mushrooms, shiitake mushrooms, and oyster mushrooms. These fungus foods contain a variety of essential elements, such as amino acids, unsaturated fatty acids, vitamins and minerals. It is beneficial to reduce serum cholesterol concentration, lower blood pressure, lower blood fat and cholesterol, and prevent arteriosclerosis. However, it should be noted that shiitake mushrooms contain high purine substances, so patients with hyperuricemia and gout should not eat more.

Finally, I would like to remind everyone that hyperlipidemia is caused by genetics or long-term unhealthy eating and living habits. Don’t think that diet can replace drug treatment. Eating an appropriate amount of fresh fruits and vegetables can only play an auxiliary role in regulating blood lipids. The treatment of hyperlipidemia is a long-term process, diet combined with comprehensive treatment such as psychology, exercise, and drugs. Can better achieve twice the result with half the effort.

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