Tianshan Net-Xinjiang Daily reporter Xie Huibian
As the weather warms and the temperature rises, Xinjiang cotton has been sown from south to north. In the endless cotton fields, the intelligent agricultural machinery shuttles back and forth, the scene is spectacular, and it is full of “science and technology”.
In fact, in Xinjiang, there are many new technologies that you can’t see in cotton planting. The application of these new technologies not only makes cotton planting into the “assembly line” era, but also makes it easier for cotton farmers to farm.
Iterative upgrade of sowing technology
On April 13, Zhang Lin, a cotton farmer in Tongqike Village, Xingping Town, Yuli County, went to the cotton field early in the morning , the roar of machines can be heard from far away.
“The busiest time in the past year was planting, and I was too busy during the day and at night; now only one machine is needed to dig trenches, plant seeds, lay film, and cover soil in one go, saving time and effort .” Zhang Lin sighed, not only these, the application of a series of new technologies has also made cotton farmers more and more motivated.
“This year, I plan to sow 4,000 mu of cotton. In addition to using precision seeding technology, I also tried the new technology of ‘dry sowing and wet out’.” Zhang Lin said.
The “dry sowing and wet out” technology means that the soil is leveled directly and the film is laid for sowing. When the ground temperature rises to a suitable level for cotton seedlings to emerge, water starts to drip, eliminating the need for traditional winter and spring irrigation before sowing.
Wang Xiangjin, director of Yuli County Agricultural Technology Promotion Center, said: “The ‘dry sowing and wet out’ technology not only saves water, but also supports drip irrigation and precision sowing technology under the film, and can also improve the germination rate and lay the foundation for increasing cotton income. “
With the continuous improvement of saline-alkali land and the popularization of combined seeders, this year, southern Xinjiang began to promote the “dry sowing and wet out” technology on a large scale, with a total area of nearly 1 million mu. This year, Yuli County has more than 300,000 mu of cotton fields to try to promote this technology.
Not only that, this year, Yuli County also demonstrated and promoted the technology of “planting row covering soil and delaying” on a small scale. This technology was jointly developed by Tian Liwen, a researcher at the Economic Crops Research Institute of Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, and eight scientific research institutes and enterprises inside and outside Xinjiang.
“The iterative upgrade of cotton planting technology not only greatly reduces planting costs, but also improves cotton quality and yield, making cotton farmers more and more confident in planting cotton.” Wang Xiangjin said, in 2021, Yuli County Millions of acres of cotton have been mechanized throughout from planting, field management to harvesting.
Water-saving irrigation is smart and easy
Recently, Ma Zhandong, general manager of Xinjiang Tianye Smart Agricultural Technology Co., Ltd., is busy with the company’s existing water-saving irrigation Product upgrades. How to make irrigation more intelligent and precise while saving costs? This is what he has been thinking about.
Xinjiang Tianye Smart Agricultural Technology Co., Ltd. specializes in the independent research and development, design, manufacture, installation and sales of water-saving irrigation automation control systems. It has 26 core intellectual property rights and has made achievements in the field of agricultural intelligent water and fertilizer integration. Significantly.
Ma Zhandong witnessed the development and evolution of cotton drip irrigation technology in Xinjiang. “From plastic film to drip irrigation to water and fertilizer integration technology, Xinjiang’s cotton yield per mu has increased from 80 kilograms to more than 400 kilograms, which not only increases the output, but also greatly liberates the labor force.” He said.
In this regard, Chen Ming, an employee of the 4th Company of the 141st Regiment of Shihezi City, the Eighth Division of the Corps, was deeply touched. In the past season, he had to drive to the factory to pull fertilizer, and when he came back, he had to dissolve it by himself. Now he is basically a shopkeeper.
“The integrated water and fertilizer equipment can automatically detect what nutrients are lacking in the soil, and automatically match the water and fertilizer ratio. It can be fertilized with a flick of a switch.” Chen Ming said that it turned out that one person managed 30 acres. Cotton felt a little too much, and now I can easily manage 200 acres.
At present, the water and fertilizer integration technology developed by the company has been widely applied in Shihezi, Kuitun and other places. Ma Zhandong said that in the future, the company also plans to combine drip irrigation technology and digital technology to achieve full-process field management of cotton, making cotton planting easier.
Accurate and efficient field management
“Di-it’s time to water” “Di-it’s time to fertilize”…when the cotton farmer’s mobile phone receives These messages, just one tap on the phone, and the problem is solved. This is an APP developed by China Agricultural Guoji (Xinjiang) Technology Co., Ltd., through which the intelligent operation of farming, management and harvesting can be realized.
Wang Guolin, a worker of the 130th Regiment of the Seventh Division of the Corps, is one of the experiencers of this technology. “More precise” was the word that Wang Guolin said the most during the interview.
“I once watered, based on my experience, I felt that 50 cubic meters of water should be watered per mu of land, but the system prompted that only 40 cubic meters were needed. After I followed the prompts, not only did the cost reduce, but the output also increased.
Ascension.” Wang Guolin said.
Zhongnong Guoji (Xinjiang) Technology Co., Ltd. Chairman Gao Xincheng believes that relying on digital technology is one of the effective ways to achieve high-quality cotton development in Xinjiang. The digital cotton industry technology platform built by the company can realize one-click acquisition of planting plans, accurate cotton management, accurate disaster prevention and control to the field, integration of water and fertilizer, and intelligent operation of the whole process of cultivation, management and collection. This year, the company launched a 100,000-mu future smart digital cotton project in Manas County.
Xinjiang Tianye Smart Agricultural Technology Co., Ltd. is also actively building a digital management platform for cotton planting, and is committed to transforming traditional planting experience into specific programs that can be operated in a process through the database, so that cotton planting can be realized from “” “Experience planting” to “smart planting”.
Wang Wanglin is very optimistic about the future development of the digital cotton industry. He said: “Our generation relies on experience to grow cotton. How should the younger generation grow? These high-tech technologies will give them more detailed guidance.”
Tian Liwen believes that digitalization is the future development direction of Xinjiang cotton industry, which should be paid attention to and increased investment.