[National Cancer Prevention and Control Awareness Week] Early action for cancer prevention and control, and early knowledge of the core points of cancer prevention and treatment!

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April 15-2022 >The 28th National Cancer Prevention Publicity Week, this year’s publicity week’s theme is“early action for cancer prevention and control”. Let’s learn about the core knowledge of cancer prevention and control~


Cancer is a kind of serious harm to people’s health< /p>

Chronic Diseases

(1) Cancer is a general term for a large category of diseases. There are more than 3.5 million new cancer cases and more than 2 million deaths in my country every year. The control situation is severe.

(2) The most common cancers in my country include lung cancer, breast cancer, gastric cancer, liver cancer, colorectal cancer, esophageal cancer, cervical cancer, and thyroid cancer. In recent years, the incidence of lung cancer, breast cancer and colorectal cancer has shown a significant upward trend, and the incidence of liver cancer, gastric cancer and esophageal cancer is still high.

(3) Most cancers are the result of long-term accumulation of gene damage and changes in human cells under the long-term action of external factors. The process from normal cells to cancer cells usually takes decades to decades.

(4) Carcinogenic factors are very complex, including external factors such as chemical, physical and chronic infections, as well as internal factors such as heredity, immunity, age, and lifestyle.


Cancer is preventable

(1) The World Health Organization proposes that one-third of cancers are completely preventable Prevention; one-third of cancers can be cured through early detection; one-third of cancers can be extended, relieved, and improved quality of life using available medical treatments.

(2) We can prevent and control cancer through tertiary prevention. Primary prevention is the prevention of etiology and reduces the damage of external adverse factors; secondary prevention is early detection. , early diagnosis, early treatment; tertiary prevention is to improve the quality of life and prolong survival time.

(3) International advanced experience shows that taking measures such as active prevention (such as health education, tobacco control and alcohol restriction, early screening, etc.) and standardized treatment can reduce the incidence of cancer. and death have significant effects.

(4) In some areas in my country where comprehensive cancer prevention and control strategies were implemented earlier, the incidence and mortality of cancer have shown a downward trend.


Unhealthy lifestyle changes can prevent cancer


< p>(1) The World Health Organization considers cancer to be a lifestyle disease.

(2) Smoking, obesity, lack of exercise, unreasonable dietary habits, alcoholism, stress, and psychological stress are all risk factors for cancer.

(3) Quitting smoking and limiting alcohol, balanced diet, moderate exercise, and good mood can effectively reduce the incidence of cancer.

(4) The occurrence of cancer is a process of accumulation of related risk factors throughout the human life cycle. Cancer prevention and control is not just a matter for middle-aged and elderly people. It is necessary to pay attention to cancer prevention as soon as possible, develop a healthy lifestyle from an early age, avoid exposure to cancer-causing factors such as tobacco and alcohol, and reduce the risk of cancer.


Cancer is not contagious, but some carcinogens are


(1) Cancer is caused by changes in the genes of its own cells and is not contagious.

(2) Some bacteria (such as Helicobacter pylori) and viruses (such as human papilloma virus, hepatitis virus, EB virus, etc.) closely related to the occurrence of cancer are contagious of.

(3) By maintaining personal hygiene and a healthy lifestyle, vaccination (such as hepatitis virus vaccine, human papillomavirus vaccine) can avoid infection of related bacteria and viruses, thereby Prevent the occurrence of cancer.


Standardized cancer prevention physical examination can detect cancer early

(1) Cancer prevention physical examination is based on cancer risk assessment On the basis, the purpose of physical examinations for common cancers is to let the public know their cancer risk, detect early cancer or precancerous lesions, and carry out early intervention.

(2) Most common cancers can be detected early with current technology. Lung cancer can be detected by using low-dose spiral CT of the chest, breast cancer can be detected by ultrasound combined with mammography, and gastrointestinal cancer can be detected by gastroenteroscopy.

(3) The appropriate interval of physical examination should be selected according to the age of the individual and the results of previous examinations.

(4) The anti-cancer physical examination is highly professional, pays attention to individualization and effectiveness, and should be carried out by a professional physical examination institution.


Early diagnosis and early treatment is the key to improving cancer survival

(1) The therapeutic effect and survival time of cancer are closely related to the time of cancer discovery. The earlier the cancer is discovered, the better the treatment effect and the longer the survival time.

(2) Pay attention to the cancer danger signs that appear in the body. If you have the following symptoms, you should go to the hospital for diagnosis and treatment in time.

1. An abnormal mass on the superficial part of the body.

2. Black moles and warts on the body surface deepen in color in a short period of time orgrow rapidly.

3. Abnormal sensations in the body: choking, pain, etc.

4. Long-lasting ulcers on the skin or mucous membranes.

5. Persistent indigestion and loss of appetite.

6. Changes in bowel habits and traits or blood.

7. Persistent hoarseness, dry cough, bloody sputum.

8. Hearing abnormalities, nosebleeds, headache.

9. Abnormal vaginal bleeding, especially contact bleeding.

10. Painless hematuria, dysuria.

11. Unexplained fever, fatigue, progressive weight loss.


If cancer is found, choose a regular hospital for standardization


< p>(1) Cancer treatment methods include two categories: surgical treatment and non-surgical treatment. Non-surgical treatment includes radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, endocrine therapy, and traditional Chinese medicine.

(2) Standardized treatment is a scientific summary of long-term clinical treatment work. The comprehensive treatment plan is determined according to the type of cancer and disease stage, which is the basic guarantee for curing cancer.

(3) Cancer patients should go to regular hospitals for standardized treatment.


Cancer rehabilitation therapy can effectively improve patients’ survival time and quality of life

survival time and quality of life< /p>

(1) Cancer rehabilitation includes psychological rehabilitation and physical rehabilitation, which is a necessary continuation and improvement of clinical treatment.

(2) Rehabilitation of cancer patients should be done: optimistic attitude, balanced diet, proper exercise, rational drug use, and regular review.

(3) Pain is the most common and main symptom of cancer patients. To actively deal with pain through scientific pain relief methods with the help of a doctor, do not endure the pain.

(4) It is necessary to face cancer squarely, actively adjust the body’s immunity, maintain a good physical and mental state, achieve long-term stability of the disease, and “coexist peacefully” with cancer.