Long life or short life? Compare these 20 characteristics to see what kind of person you are?

Health Timesauthoritative health information, trusted by professionals! Long life or short life? There are really traces! Compare these 20 characteristics to see what kind of “candidate” you are? Top 10 Longevity Traits“1 thick” – thick thigh Many people worry about thick thighs, but this is actually a healthy feature. In April 2020, researchers from Shanghai Jiao Tong University published a study online in the international journal Endocrine Connections, showing that overweight and obese Chinese men and women have The circumference of the thigh is related to high and low blood pressure, in short, the thicker the thigh, the lower the risk of blood pressure and heart disease in obese patients. “2 fast” – walking fast, defecation fast1. Walk fastA study published in the Mayo Clinic Journal by the Leicester Biomedical Research Center, UK in 2019 Project report, revealing the relationship between brisk walking and longevity. The study collected the walking habits and deaths of about 475,000 people, most of whom were over the age of 50. Studies have found that people who walk fast live longer than those who walk slowly, about 15 to 20 years longer.

Profile picture2. Fast defecation“When you have the urge to defecate, you feel Relaxed and comfortable, this shows that the digestive system is good.” Zhi Min, chief physician of the Department of Gastroenterology of the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, emphasized in an interview with Health Times in 2015. Under normal circumstances, it takes about 5 to 10 minutes to defecate. For some people with constipation, it may take an hour or two. Especially now, many people play mobile phones while going to the toilet, and their attention is distracted. Over time, the entire defecation feedback mechanism will be disturbed. “3 good” – good appetite, good lung capacity, good sleep In July 2022, Du Changwang, Deputy Chief Physician of the Neurosurgery Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, said in a video posted on the People’s Daily Health account “Neurosurgery Dr. Du” in July 2022 that men and women , after the age of 60, there are the following 3 manifestations, which may belong to “longevity constitution”:< strong>The first performance is better appetiteWith the increase of age, the metabolism and digestion ability declines, and the gastrointestinal function will not be as good as before. If the intake of food after the age of 60 is not much different from before, it means that all aspects of the gastrointestinal function are functioning in a relatively healthy manner. Only with a healthy stomach can the body have the opportunity to absorb more nutrients. The second performance is good lung capacityThe lung capacity is relatively good, indicating that the respiratory system is relatively good Health, the quality of our life lies in every breath. People with better lung capacity will feel younger in their physical state and feel, and they will not be out of breath when walking. Third performance, good sleep qualityMany elderly people , the quality of sleep deteriorates, and the sleep time also begins to decrease. This situation will affect the sense of state during the day. If the sleep state and sleep time can be guaranteed after the age of 60, then the person’s body will be very good. People in the same age group will be more youthful and tend to live longer. “4 Nos” – No Four Bad Habits1. Do not smokeIf you want to live a long and healthy life, the first thing to do is to quit smoking! If you don’t smoke, you should also be wary of second-hand and third-hand smoke. 2. Don’t drinkStopWhat to say, drink and keep healthy! Authoritative research has long proven that if you want to live longer, you must stop drinking! Best not to drink a drop! 3. Sitting for a whileLong-term sitting will lead to poor blood circulation, And it is most likely to accumulate in the lowest position of the human body. Colon cancer is a common “chair disease”. Wang Wenling, chief physician of the Oncology Department of the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University, pointed out in an article in Health Times in 2018 that if the intestinal tract is in a state of blood stasis for a long time, there will be problems in metabolism, and the intestinal The peristalsis of the tract becomes slow, and the harmful components in the feces stay in the colon while stimulating the intestinal mucosa, which is easy to induce colon cancer. 4. Don’t work Be careful In combination with relaxation, outside of work, it is necessary to take appropriate rest. Especially when you feel tired, take a break immediately. Fatigue is one of the two major causes of sudden death. A study published in the journal “China Emergency Medicine” in 2020 analyzed 5516 cases of sudden death and found that the main causes of sudden death were emotional agitation (26%) and fatigue (25%), followed by changes in blood volume, alcohol consumption, Oversaturation, minor injuries, etc.

Top Ten Short-lived Traits“1 Bad” – Bad Mood In July 2021, a study published in the European Heart Journal confirmed that anger is an important cause of myocardial infarction and coronary heart disease! The researchers found that anger, anger, depression, etc. (under acute mental stress) can cause inflammatory leukocytes in the blood to migrate to the aorta through stress hormones, causing atherosclerotic plaques in the arteries to rupture.

span>“2 thick” – thick waist, thick neck1, waist In 2018, a study involving 410,000 people was published in the “Chinese Journal of Epidemiology” by researchers Lv Jun and Tian Yuan from the School of Public Health of Peking University. An analysis of the study found that the thicker the waist, the higher the risk of coronary heart disease, acute coronary events and death from coronary heart disease. 2. Thick neckAffiliated to Southeast University Wei Qiong, deputy chief physician of the Endocrinology Department of Zhongda Hospital, pointed out in an article in Health Times in 2019 that a thicker neck means a greater possibility of dyslipidemia and a higher risk of heart disease. This means that there are more fatty liver deposits in the body under the skin of the neck or around the respiratory tract, and the obesity problem is obvious, causing an early warning of metabolic syndrome problems. “3 fast” – fast heartbeat, fast food, fast water1. Fast heartbeatThe speed of heartbeat is closely related to life expectancy. Sun Ningling, chief physician of the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Peking University People’s Hospital, introduced in an interview with Health Times in 2013 that long-term rapid heart rate can cause insulin resistance, which in turn leads to increases in blood pressure and blood sugar; tachycardia increases the work of the heart and puts pressure on large blood vessels Strengthening can also lead to aggravation of atherosclerosis. ⑩2. Eat fastChief physician, Department of Nutrition, Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University Lei Min pointed out in an article in Health Times in 2019 that if you eat too fast, the food will enter the gastrointestinal tract without sufficient chewing, which will cause a burden on the gastrointestinal tract, which will easily lead to a decline in digestion and absorption, resulting in weight loss and gastrointestinal discomfort. Symptoms, and even gastritis. 3. Drink water fastBeijing Century In 2018, Liu Ruiying from the Emergency Department of Tan Hospital pointed out in an article in Health Times that when people feel thirsty, the body is actually in a state of mild dehydration, blood volume begins to decrease, blood viscosity increases, and heart function has been affected. At this time, if you drink a lot of water all of a sudden, the burden on the digestive system and circulatory system will suddenly increase, which will easily lead to increased blood pressure and insufficient blood supply to important organs such as the brain. It may induce adverse consequences such as heart failure and stroke. “4 highs” – poor control of “four highs”< /span>1. Uncontrolled “hypertension”Uncontrolled hypertension can easily lead to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases ! According to the Guidelines for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases in my country, hypertension is the primary and modifiable risk factor leading to an increase in cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality among Chinese residents, with about 50% of cardiovascular disease morbidity and 20% of cardiovascular disease deaths attributed to high blood pressure. 2. Poorly controlled “hyperlipidemia” Cholesterol and triglycerides are closely related to blood lipids in clinical practice. Hypercholesterolemia is atheroscleroticIt is an important prerequisite for sclerotic plaque, and atherosclerotic plaque is the main basis for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. 3. Poorly controlled “hyperglycemia”Diabetes is not getting better control, can cause a variety of complications. Wu Donghong, chief physician of the Department of Endocrinology, Harbin First Hospital, pointed out in an article in Health Times in 2019 that in addition to retinopathy, diabetic foot, diabetic nephropathy and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular complications, In fact, there are many unexpected complications, such as cognitive dysfunction, hearing loss, osteoporosis and so on. 4. Uncontrolled “high uric acid” The higher the level of uric acid, the higher the risk of developing gout, but the harm of hyperuricemia goes far beyond that. Li Shengguang, chief physician of the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Peking University International Hospital, said in an interview with Health Times in 2018 that gout not only hurts people’s lives, but also causes tophi, joint damage, and more serious of kidney damage. Data show that 1/3 of people with long-term gout have kidney damage, manifested as chronic gouty nephropathy, uric acid nephrolithiasis and acute obstructive nephropathy.

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Editor: Wang Nan

Reviewer: Yang Xiaoming

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This article is synthesized from:

①Shi, J ., Yang, Z., Niu, Y., Zhang, W., Lin, N., Li, X., Zhang, H., Gu, H., Wen, J., Ning, G., Qin, Li ., and Su, Q. (2020). Large thigh circumference is associated with lower blood pressure in overweight and obese individuals: a community-based study.

②Francesco Zaccardi et al . Comparative Relevance of Physical Fitness and Adiposity on Life Expectancy, Mayo Clinic Proceedings (2019). DOI: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2018.10.029

③2015-03-05 Health Times “Four new standards for eating well, sleeping well, pulling fast, talking well and staying healthy”

④2022-07-13 People’s Daily Health Number “Neurosurgeon Dr. Du” “Whether men and women, if you have these 4 manifestations after the age of 60, you may belong to a “longevity constitution””

⑤2018-03-20 Health Times “Sit out of cancer 》

⑥Zhao Zhimei, Chen Xiaosong, Yang Yijun, Du Pengju, Zhou Panhao. Epidemiological analysis of 5516 autopsy sudden death cases in China [J]. China Emergency Medicine, 2020, 40( 2): 158-163.

⑦Hinterdobler J, Schott S, Jin H, et al. Acute mental stress drives vascular inflammation and promotes plaque destabilization in mouse atherosclerosis[J]. European Heart Journal, 2021.

⑧ Tian Yuan. A prospective study on the risk of central obesity and ischemic heart disease in Chinese adults [J]. Chinese Journal of Epidemiology, 2018. p>

⑨2019-07-09 Health Times “Be a “Little Man”

⑩2013-05-23 Health Times “Heartbeat 3 times faster, Life expectancy reduced by 10 years”

⑪2019-09-10 Health Times “What kind of stomach are you? 》

⑫2018-08-28 Health Times “Drinking water is a technical activity”

⑬Cardiovascular disease of Chinese Medical Association Credit Association, etc. “China Cardiovascular Disease Primary Prevention Guidelines.” Chinese Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases 48.12(2020):1000-1038.

⑭2019-10-25Health Times “Complications that sugar friends rarely think of”

⑮2018-12-04 Health Times “To prevent gout”

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