[Source: Yulin Daily]
The eye examination is an important item in the physical examination, and the fundus examination is a mirror of the health of the whole body. For the health of the eyes, People should pay attention to eye health from birth to aging.
People should be checked for congenital eye diseases in infancy, such as retinopathy of prematurity, neonatal pyogenic eye, congenital glaucoma, etc. Don’t miss the best time for diagnosis and treatment. Regular check-ups in adolescents, timely correction and prevention of myopia, hyperopia, strabismus, amblyopia, astigmatism, etc. After the age of forty, check every other year to prevent senile eye disease. The elderly should be more diligent in examinations and be alert to common senile eye diseases such as cataract, glaucoma, macular degeneration and retinal arteriosclerosis.
Some physical diseases can often get clues from the eyes, such as diabetes. Once diagnosed, you have to visit an ophthalmologist. Diabetes is a lifelong disease, and the prevention and treatment of eye complications is also a long-term task. Cataract, glaucoma and retinopathy are the most common complications of diabetes, but they are asymptomatic in the early stage. Only early examination and early intervention can prevent or delay the eye damage of diabetes. Cataract patients with diabetes should also go to the ophthalmologist to understand the precautions during surgery. For cataract patients with high myopia, glaucoma, and uveitis, the pros and cons of surgery should be carefully discussed with an experienced ophthalmologist. Hypertension can cause retinal artery spasm in the early stage, which leads to arteriosclerosis, fundus hemorrhage, papilledema, and vision loss over time. After suffering from hyperthyroidism, when malignant proptosis occurs, it can cause keratitis, corneal ulcer and lead to vision loss or blindness. People suffering from blood disease, kidney disease, tuberculosis, vitamin deficiency, traumatic brain injury, brain tumor, mental illness, oral disease and otolaryngology should also prevent eye disability as soon as possible.
At present, the incidence of eye diseases is on the rise. Myopia, cataracts, presbyopia, glaucoma, and vision loss are all occurring in advance. Eye care should not only actively treat eye diseases, but also prevent eye damage as early as possible according to internal organs diseases. Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, endocrine diseases, kidney diseases, and blood diseases must be checked regularly to protect the eyes while treating the underlying diseases. In terms of life, people with high myopia should always avoid excessive exertion and anger to prevent retinal detachment; people with glaucoma should wear protective glasses when operating a computer and cannot work for too long in a dark environment; people who use computers for a long time should also be careful of dry eye syndrome . Trachoma and pink eye are highly contagious, and should be treated regularly, avoid eye fatigue, pay attention to facial hygiene, and prevent cross-infection; astigmatism, myopia, and hyperopia should correctly wear and use glasses and glasses under the guidance of specialists Inaccurate optometry can lead to lifelong amblyopia. Astigmatism and hyperopia can also lead to dry eyes, astringent eyes, headache and discomfort, and pain in the brows and bones; glaucoma can also be accompanied by nausea and vomiting, dizziness, heavy pain, and proper eye use and proper rest when the above symptoms occur. Primary and secondary school students should use their eyes scientifically and adhere to eye health exercises; the elderly should be diligent in eye care to delay dizziness; field operators should wear dark-colored glasses to prevent sandstorms and strong light stimulation; healthy people should also pay attention to eye hygiene and do not use towels, Do not touch your eyes with dirty hands, but also relieve visual fatigue in a timely manner through various methods.
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