Is amoxicillin an anti-inflammatory drug? Doctor: Not really! There are only 2 real anti-inflammatory drugs

The seasons change, the temperature drops, and it is the season of high incidence of influenza. People with weak immunity are often prone to colds at this time, and even have some symptoms, such as cough, fever, runny nose, etc. Wait.

Many people will go to the hospital to buy some medicines after catching a cold, the common one is amoxicillin, and then mix it with other medicines. Even if you don’t have a cold, sometimes you will store amoxicillin at home in case you need it.

Most people think that amoxicillin is an anti-inflammatory drug, and coughing means that there is a certain degree of inflammation in the body, so after taking it, it can achieve a certain effect , so is this really the case?

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Is amoxicillin an anti-inflammatory drug? Doctor: Not really! There are only two real anti-inflammatory drugs

From a medical point of view, amoxicillin Known as amoxycillin or amoxycillin, it belongs to the common semi-synthetic penicillin broad-spectrum β-lactam antibiotics and is in the form of white powder.

It has strong bactericidal and cell membrane penetrating effects, and is one of the commonly used semi-synthetic penicillins. Preparations include capsules, tablets, granules, dispersible tablets, etc., and are often combined with clavulanic acid to make dispersible tablets. The pharmacological effect of antibiotics is to inhibit or kill microorganisms.

The use of antibiotics in inflammation caused by some bacteria and microbial infections can achieve the effect of killing and inhibiting pathogens. Because pathogens are inhibited and eliminated, the inflammatory response will be reduced, so it will show similar anti-inflammatory effects, but for other reasons, If it is inflammation caused by immune trauma or allergies, antibiotics will not have any effect.

After the patient takes amoxicillin, the drug will penetrate the cell wall of the bacteria, enter the inside of the bacteria and interact with the bacteria The combination of internal state enzymes affects the synthesis of magnetic stripes on the bacterial cell wall, and the bacteria will lyse and eventually undergo apoptosis. Therefore, amoxicillin is not an anti-inflammatory drug. It is a commonly used antibiotic mixed with penicillin in clinical practice. It has a relatively strong bactericidal effect and must not be eaten at will.

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Doctor: There are only two real anti-inflammatory drugs, don’t confuse them

Steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

This type of anti-inflammatory drugs mainly refers to glucocorticoid and its derivatives. of stability.

In addition, glucocorticoids can also interfere with complement participating in the inflammatory response and prevent post-inflammatory tissue damage repair. In layman’s terms, glucocorticoids can alleviate the scar formation in the late stage of inflammation to a certain extent.

NSAIDs< /p>

This category is drugs with analgesic and antipyretic effects. Currently, selective cyclooxygenase inhibitors and non-selective cyclooxygenase inhibitors are commonly used clinically. Sexual cyclooxygenase inhibitors.

This type of drug is a non-selective cyclooxygenase inhibitor. This type of drug It can also be anti-inflammatory and anti-rheumatic diseases. Under normal circumstances, drugs containing bacteria, enzymes, and sandacins in their names are all steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and drugs containing C agents in their names are no exception. Most of the classic Penicillins are also steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.


Amoxicillin itself is suitable for sensitive bacteria, which can be roughly divided into the following six types< /p>

  • Upper respiratory tract infection caused by hemolytic streptococcus, staphylococcus, Haemophilus influenzae
  • Urinary and reproductive tract infections
  • Acute simple gonorrhea
  • Skin and soft tissue infection caused by hemolytic streptococcus, staphylococcus and Escherichia coli
  • Urinary tract infection due to E. coli or E. faecalis
  • Lower respiratory tract infections caused by hemolytic streptococcus, staphylococcus, and Haemophilus influenzae
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    Finally, I would like to emphasize that the reason why amoxicillin can reduce the inflammatory response after taking it is because it eliminates the bacteria that cause inflammation, rather than directly acting on the inflammatory response of the human body , Therefore, inflammation and infection should not be abused in daily life. It is necessary to clarify the cause, follow the doctor’s advice, and take some medicines reasonably.


    What is the correct use of antibiotics?

    Regarding the use of antibiotics, parents only need to remember three words: Follow the doctor’s advice!

    Antibiotics are prescription drugs, so you must follow the doctor’s advice , Only when you are infected by bacteria, etc., you can take antibiotics, otherwise it is abused, which is not only useless but harmful to the body.

    Especially if you are accidentally infected with influenza or a common cold caused by a virus, it is best not to use antibiotics, and antibiotics should be used externally and orally as much as possible , because external and oral administration have a lower probability of adverse reactions than injections and are safer. For severe infections, injections work faster than topical and oral methods.