Introduction: Nowadays, with the popularization of the Internet, people can quickly make more friends through social software, which to a large extent makes people more casual, invisible exacerbated the spread of many diseases.
Nowadays we are living in a fast-paced life, and people’s feelings have become more fast-food, according to relevant Statistics show that in recent years, the incidence of various sexually transmitted diseases among adolescents in my country has been on the rise. In 2016, 46.8% of every 100,000 people aged 25-29 in China suffered from syphilis and 24.6% suffered from gonorrhea.
What do you know about sexually transmitted diseases?
- STDThere are many different Manifestations
The so-called venereal disease refers to the diseases transmitted through sexual transmission can be divided into broad sense STDs and STDs in a narrow sense. STDs in a narrow sense refer to classic STDs, including gonorrhea, syphilis, chancre, lymphogranuloma venereum, and granuloma inguinale. In addition to these 5 traditional STDs, STDs in a broad sense include genital warts , Genital herpes, non-gonococcal urethritis, AIDS and so on.
- How are sexually transmitted diseases transmitted?
In addition to sexual contact, sexually transmitted diseases are also It can be transmitted through blood, mother to child, and indirect contact.
If a person has a high-risk private life, even if he has no symptoms, he should actually do relevant physical examination.
Many sexually transmitted diseases have no symptoms at first, and symptoms rarely appear immediately after infection, which also improves It prevents the spread of sexually transmitted diseases among the population, so if a person has a high-risk private life, he should check his body for related diseases.
- What should I do if I suspect I have an STD?
If you suspect that your body is infected with a sexually transmitted disease, you should promptly Go to a medical institution with the qualifications for the diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases for relevant inspections, and don’t keep silent about buying drugs for illegal treatment.
Sexually transmitted diseases are mainly transmitted through sexual contact. Infection with other sexually transmitted diseases will also increase the risk of syphilis and AIDS, Only by early detection, early detection, early diagnosis, and early treatment can the further spread of the disease be effectively prevented.
- Why should both men and women be tested and treated for STDs?
Sexually transmitted diseases are mainly transmitted through private life, so it should be notified Those who have private life in the past three months should go to the hospital for relevant examinations as soon as possible, so as to detect, diagnose and treat the disease early, so as to avoid delaying the best treatment time of the disease, and even cause repeated infections between partners.
7 diseases can be “sexually transmitted”How many do you know? Open-minded people, it is recommended to understand
1. Chlamydia infection
Chlamydia infection was the most common disease reported and the most sexually transmitted, but there are still Many cases, yet undiagnosed, the disease peaks between the ages of 15 and 24.
Chlamydia can enter the uterus and fallopian tubes along the female reproductive organs to induce pelvic inflammatory disease, which is difficult to cure and will Pathological damage to the uterus and fallopian tubes, resulting in chronic pelvic pain and infertility.
Due to the inflammation of the fallopian tubes and fatal ectopic pregnancy, it is easier for women to give birth naturally Pass the virus on to your child.
Gonorrhea is the second most common sexually transmitted disease. Like chlamydia, most cases are undiagnosed. If gonorrhea is not treated, it can easily lead to chronic pelvic disease in women inflammation, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility.
The pathogen of gonorrhea can easily lead to joint and heart disease after blood transmission, and Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection will also increase The body’s likelihood of developing AIDS.
The infection rate of AIDS has a clear upward trend, especially among college students. AIDS has an incubation period, usually 6 months to 12 years or longer when you just start to get sick. No conscious reaction.
However, the virus is often involved in the later stages of development, and related serious complications will appear in various body systems, endangering the lives of patients , and there is no effective treatment for AIDS so far, so everyone should do a good job in related prevention work. If you find unexplained symptoms of headache, fever, and swollen lymph nodes, you need timely treatment.
4. People Papillomavirus
Human papillomavirus also known as HPV or genital warts is an American One of the very common sexually transmitted diseases, as the name of the disease, so it is a virus, once infected, the disease will last a lifetime.
Condyloma acuminatum may occur in female genital organs, or in the cervix, anus, or even throat, genital warts Treatment options include laser therapy, cryotherapy, surgical excision, and chemotherapy. Although treated, genital warts may recur in the future, and some viruses may also cause cervical cancer.
So for women, at least once a year Pap test, for women prone to germs , should be carried out many times
5. Hepatitis B< /span>
Hepatitis B is a relatively common liver disease. Since the hepatitis B virus invades the human body, you should not blindly conduct your private life at this time. Because viral infection may increase the probability of illness for others during the process of high-risk private life.
To prevent hepatitis B, in addition to injecting hepatitis B vaccine in advance, you must also pay attention to personal problems and take safety measures , Effectively prevent the spread of disease fundamentally.
6. Genital herpes
Genital herpes is mainly caused by HSV infection. The incubation period in the human body takes about 3 to 5 days. The clinical symptoms of the patient are many blisters on the body, accompanied by pain or even ulcer.
In medicine, genital herpes is generally treated with oral antibiotics, but some patients have severe skin inflammation , requiring antibiotics.
Phase 1 syphilis is characterized by chancres in the reproductive organs, usually Infected with the virus 2The chancre starts at ~3 weeks and can disappear without treatment, so it is easy to miss the diagnosis clinically, and some patients mistakenly think that their condition has been cured.
Phase 2 syphilis is 3 to 10 weeks after infection, the rash during this period is called phase 2 syphilis The rash has a variety of clinical manifestations and is known as the master imitator of the disease. It is easily confused with pityriasis rosea or psoriasis clinically.
Bronze spots appeared on the hands and feet during this period of syphilis, which requires everyone to pay attention.
Probability of transmission of sexually transmitted diseases
< span>The incidence of sexually transmitted diseases is very common, and the probability of infection is very high. The occurrence of sexually transmitted diseases will cause great harm to health, and even the whole family will be seriously affected. Sexually transmitted diseases It can be hereditary, which is harmful to the whole society.
Due to sex There are many causes and types of diseases, and the infection probability of sexually transmitted diseases is also different. In general, the transmission rate of gonorrhea in private life is 50%, that of chlamydia is 20%, that of chancroid is about 82%, and that of AIDS is about 0.1%.
If no corresponding safety measures are taken, the probability of private life infection in patients with genital warts is 60%. The chances of infection will be minimized with good safety measures.