When it comes to retinal detachment, most people will think: Will they be blind?
What is a retinal detachment?
Retinal detachment, also known as retinal detachment, refers to the tissue layer (neuroepithelial layer) containing photoreceptor cells and the base layer that provides nutrients and oxygen to it ( pigment epithelium).
Retinal detachment can be divided into “regmatogenous retinal detachment”, “traction retinal detachment” and “exudative retinal detachment”. Generally speaking, once the first two occur, vision and field of vision are not only irreversible if surgical intervention is not performed in time, but there is a risk of blindness and eyeball atrophy as the disease progresses.
Which groups are prone to retinal detachment?
1 Myopia, especially high myopia
The cases of retinal detachment in myopia are the same as those in other groups several times. People with high myopia have a chance of developing retinopathy, and in severe cases, retinal detachment.
2 Middle-aged and elderly people
Retinal detachment is more common in middle-aged and elderly people aged 40 to 70. With age, the vitreous of the eye gradually liquefies and degenerates, accompanied by various retinal degenerations, and the risk of retinal detachment increases.
3 People with diabetes
The longer the duration of diabetes, the greater the chance of developing retinopathy. In the late stage of diabetes, concurrent retinopathy may cause the proliferation and traction of the vitreous, leading to traction retinal detachment.
4People with a history of ocular trauma
Generally severe blunt eyeball trauma, penetrating injury or massive vitreous hemorrhage Severe eye trauma may cause retinal detachment.
How to prevent retinal detachment?
Fundus disease experts remind: If the following symptoms appear, you should pay attention. It may be a precursor to retinal detachment. Once you find it, you must go to the hospital immediately.
✔ Flashes of light ✔ Vision changes
✔ Vision loss ✔ Vision loss
✔ Distorted seeing ✔ Fixed dark shadows in front of the eyes
After retinal detachment, the retinal photoreceptor cells will not receive sufficient nutrition. Atrophy and degeneration cause irreversible damage to visual function, so early diagnosis and early treatment are required.
To prevent retinal detachment, the following three points should be paid attention to:< /p>
◇ Avoid improper use of eyes, excessive fatigue, and do not lift heavy objects.
◇ Prevent eye trauma, do not do diving, boxing and other strenuous activities, and prevent eye collisions.
◇ To prevent the occurrence of myopia, if the myopia is over 600 degrees, you should go to the hospital for regular checkups, especially for myopia patients with poor fundus.