How is ovarian cancer diagnosed?

Ovarian malignant tumors will cause serious harm to patients and make them suffer. For ovarian malignant tumors, we need to pay attention to scientific Treatment, correct and scientific treatment can recover earlier, then we will follow the editor to understand in detail what are the diagnostic methods for ovarian malignant tumors?

Treatment of malignant ovarian tumors

1 .Clinical diagnosis

Mainly rely on clinical signs, such as abdominal distension, constipation, frequent urination, and conscious abdominal mass. Some tumors can cause precocious puberty, postmenopausal bleeding, virilization, and more. Gynecological examination should be performed first. If one or both cystic or solid spherical masses and other pelvic abnormalities are palpable beside the uterus, various methods should be further used to confirm the diagnosis.

2. Ultrasound examination

can assist pelvic or The localization of abdominal tumors has an accuracy rate of over 90%; distinguish cystic or solid tumors, uterus or appendages; differentiate ovarian tumors, ascites or encapsulated effusions.

3. Cytological diagnosis

Combination of ovarian tumors Ascites can be checked for cancer cells by ascites puncture. Although the positive rate of cancer cells in the posterior vaginal fornix smear is not high, it is completely harmless to the patient, so it can be regarded as a diagnostic method. In some ovarian tumors, due to the secretion of estrogen, especially in postmenopausal smears, estrogen is highly affected, which can assist in the diagnosis.

4.X-ray inspection

In maturity Teeth, bones, and transparent shadows can be seen on the abdominal plain film of teratoma. Calcifications can be seen on radiographs of papillary cystadenomas. Enterography can rule out bowel tumors and help understand the location of the mass. Pneumoperitoneum and hysterosalpingography are also helpful in identifying the source of pelvic masses.

5. Laparoscopy

Endoscopy Under direct vision, it can make an early diagnosis, do biopsy, judge the nature of the tumor, the extent of invasion, assist in staging and observe the effect of chemotherapy, etc., which are of certain value in judging the prognosis and guiding the treatment.

6. Hormone determination

Suffering from feminizing tumors Estrogen levels in blood and urine increased during the period, and 17-hydroxy and 17-ketosteroids in the urine increased when suffering from masculinizing tumors. If there is ovarian choriocarcinoma, the amount of chorionic gonadotropin in blood and urine increases.

7. Lymphography

Can be used as a malignant tumor One of the estimated staging methods.

8. Immunodiagnosis

Biochemical diagnosis, Chromosome examination is still an experimental research, and there is still a certain distance from clinical application, but it is the direction of development.

The diagnosis method of ovarian malignant tumor disease, the above is very clear for us, we understand the diagnosis and diagnosis method of ovarian malignant tumor disease It can help people diagnose and treat in time when they are sick, avoid missing the best time for treatment, and avoid the occurrence of ovarian malignant tumors from causing too many health hazards to patients.