Picture: Huang Tsai| Written by: Six-Story Demon Tower| Editor-in-Chief: A Yue< /i>
A few days ago, Ah Yue saw such a hot search: #Can gynaecological inflammation cause cervical cancer? #I believe that many girls who are concerned about their own health will have a shudder after reading it, after all, gynecological inflammation is too common in life.
▲Image source: Weibo
Cervical cancer is one of the common malignant tumors that occurs in women. There is nothing wrong with being more vigilant. There are indeed many factors in life that can increase the risk of cervical cancer.
So is there really a relationship between gynecological inflammation and cervical cancer? How to ensure our cervical health? Let’s have a good chat today~
Is there really a relationship between gynecological inflammation and cervical cancer?
In response to the question “Can gynecological inflammation cause cervical cancer?”, we specially invited @6floor teacher to answer the question, yes Here he analyzes it from several angles:
From the perspective of etiology: cervical cancer is associated with long-term persistent infection of mucosal high-risk subtypes of HPV (types 16, 18, etc.), and the types of gynecological inflammation are There are many, which are roughly divided into endogenous and exogenous causes, among which exogenous mainly refers to a series of inflammations caused by external bacterial and fungal microbial infections. Therefore the two are not directly related.
From the incidence rate: it is obvious that gynecological inflammation is more common, and about half of outpatient visits are due to gynecological inflammation. Comparatively speaking, the incidence of cervical cancer is much lower. If gynecological inflammation directly causes cervical cancer, it means that everyone is at risk. Therefore, from this perspective, there is no direct Correlation.
But from the perspective of indirect correlation, if a person is persistently infected with mucosal high-risk subtype HPV, then even if there is no gynecological inflammation, he should pay attention to cervical health of.
If the person also has long-term persistent and recurring gynecological inflammation, there is a risk factor because it means it is more difficult to clear HPV and may even be an accomplice to HPV.
Conversely, if a person has only recurrent gynecological inflammation, but the HPV test is negative and there is no problem with TCT, then it has nothing to do with cervical lesions or cervical cancer.
After answering this question, what are the real factors that cause cervical lesions?
What factors can cause cervical lesions?
First of all, we need to know ourselves and others to understand what factors can cause precancerous lesions or even cancerous changes in the cervix.
At present, among the malignant tumors whose etiology has been clarified, gynecological cervical malignant tumor is one of them. Cervical precancerous lesions and cervical cancer are closely related to HPV (human papillomavirus) infection.
At present, among the known HPV viruses, about 40 kinds are related to reproductive tract infection, of which 13-15 kinds are closely related to cervical lesions. High-risk HPV infection can be found in nearly 99% of cervical cancer tissues, among which HPV16 and 18 are the main ones, accounting for as high as 70%.
▲ Picture source: Weibo @ Mr. Six Floors< /i>
Many women ask their doctor how they got HPV when they are diagnosed with HPV infection. In fact, in most cases, Sexual behavior is one of the main ways of HPV transmission, but it is not the only way.
Age of first sexual activity <16 years old, too many sexual partners or more sexual partners, your sexual partner has been in contact with sexual partners infected with high-risk HPV virus, etc. Increased chance of contracting the HPV virus.
Studies have shown that there is also a certain relationship between young reproductive age, prolificity and the occurrence of cervical cancer.
Bad lifestyle habits, such as smoking, increase the chance of contracting HPV.
These factors will increase the chance of HPV infection, which will naturally increase the incidence of cervical precancerous lesions and even cervical cancer.
How to have a healthy cervix?
Having talked so much, what should we do to have a healthy cervix?
Since HPV virus is the main culprit of cervical cancer, if infection with HPV virus can be avoided, the occurrence of cervical lesions can naturally be avoided to a large extent.
I believe everyone knows that the HPV vaccine can prevent HPV infection very well, especially if female friends are vaccinated before starting sex, the effect is better.
Currently the HPV vaccines on the market are mainly divided into 2-valent, 4-valent and 9-valent, which are aimed at different HPV viruses, but all of them can prevent HPV16 and 18 infection. It is recommended that you consider active vaccination if you have the conditions.
▲Image source: Giphy
Studies have shown that the use of condoms throughout the sexual life can prevent the spread of HPV virus to a certain extent, which is mainly due to the properties of the condom’s physical barrier.
Therefore, readers and friends can consider using condoms to prevent birth control while preventing diseases when there is no fertility requirement.
Cervical Cancer Screening
From the perspective of disease prevention, the HPV vaccine helps us improve our immunity to the HPV virus, and condoms help us block the spread of the virus, but these measures are not foolproof. Therefore, regular Cervical cancer screening is particularly important.
Many patients have never had a gynecological physical examination before the onset of the disease. When talking to them about cervical cancer screening, they also said that they had never heard of it.
Therefore, Yaota hopes that readers who read this popular science can understand the form of “cervical cancer screening”, which mainly includes cervical TCT and HPV screening< /strong>, the detection of cervical exfoliated cells to discover potential cervical lesions and the presence of HPV virus infection is a powerful tool to help us early detection of cervical lesions.
Okay, that’s all for today’s content. I hope that through this popular science, everyone’s attention to cervical health can be strengthened!
Before you go, remember to click “Like”. May all fairies have a healthy cervix!
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