Diabetic neuropathy is an early complication of diabetes, much earlier than diabetic nephropathy and diabetic foot disease. Development of other diabetic complications. If you have diabetes and have one or more of the following symptoms, you should suspect whether diabetic neuropathy has occurred, and go to the hospital in time.
Diabetes patients have the following conditions to show that they have neuropathy:
1. Tingling pain in toes and fingers, ants walking Sensation and burning sensation
2. Unknowingly being burned or blisters, redness
3. Pain or numbness in lower extremities, weakness in walking and frequent falls
4. Abdominal distension, postprandial discomfort, nausea, vomiting or frequent constipation
5. Whether the skin becomes easily injured, and the wound is easy to fester and not heal for a long time
6. Whether you suddenly faint when you get up or go to the toilet fall?
How should sugar lovers prevent neuropathy?
Prevention of diabetic neuropathy is more important than treatment. Once the neuropathy has clinical manifestations and structural changes, the lesion is difficult to reverse and the treatment effect is poor, so early prevention is very important .
1. Control diabetes well to delay the progression of diabetic neuropathy. Blood sugar levels are closely related to the occurrence of diabetic neuropathy. Of course, the quality of diabetes control is sometimes not parallel to the progress of diabetic neuropathy. Due to the difference in genetic characteristics, neuropathy in patients with better control is not necessarily lighter than those with poor control. That is to say, there is no comparison between people, but for every patient, controlling diabetes is definitely beneficial to the prevention and treatment of diabetic neuropathy.
However, if neuropathy has occurred, controlling blood sugar cannot reverse the nerve damage, so prevention of diabetic neuropathy is the key.
In addition, it is necessary to reduce various factors that cause neuropathy, such as high blood pressure and hyperlipidemia.
2. Appropriate weight loss, overweight will increase the risk of neuropathy, myocardial infarction, stroke and other complications.
Losing weight by 5% to 10% can greatly reduce the incidence of neuropathy, and if you already have symptoms of diabetic foot, you need to lose weight even more. Because the lighter you are, the less pressure you put on your feet.
3. Regular screening and disease evaluation: All diabetics should be screened for DPN (diabetic peripheral neuropathy) at least once a year after being diagnosed with diabetes; Diabetes patients with long-term diabetes mellitus, or those with microvascular complications such as fundus lesions and nephropathy should be reexamined every 3 to 6 months.
4. Quit smoking and limit alcohol. Smoking is not only a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, but also one of the risk factors for neuropathy.
For sugar lovers who are addicted to smoking, you can set several “no smoking days” every month, gradually quit smoking under the guidance of doctors, and ask family members, colleagues, friends, etc. to supervise quit smoking.
Alcohol can affect blood sugar levels and can also increase triglyceride levels. Therefore, alcohol consumption is not recommended for diabetics.
If you drink alcohol, you need to calculate the amount of alcohol. The amount of alcohol consumed by women should not exceed 15 grams a day, and the amount of alcohol consumed by men should not exceed 25 grams (equivalent to 450ml of beer, 150ml of wine or 50ml of liquor ).