A trick of the day|How to deal with trauma in high temperature days

Correspondent Fu Xuan, reporter Lu Kangjie

The weather is hot, and citizens generally wear cool clothes, and bumps and bumps are inevitable, such as falls and burns. In the event of trauma, how should it be properly handled? This newspaper invites Yu Ping, deputy director of the Nursing Department of the Affiliated Hospital of Yangzhou University, chief nurse and international ostomy therapist, to explain to you.

Yu Ping said that in summer, the temperature is high, and bacteria grow quickly. If the skin and mucous membranes are damaged, even a pinhole-sized wound is enough to allow harmful microorganisms to enter the body. Therefore, we must establish the concept of scientific treatment of wounds, and master the correct nursing methods.

Yu Ping introduced that when dealing with wounds, remember to stop bleeding, thoroughly clean, properly disinfect, moderately bandage, and eat five points. Specifically, to stop bleeding, a clean dressing must be used to gently press the wound site to stop bleeding; when a wound occurs, to remove foreign bodies on the wound surface, it needs to be repeatedly washed with normal saline; the correct disinfection method is to use an iodophor cotton ball to spiral from the center of the wound to the outside. Disinfection, pay attention to disinfection cotton swabs or cotton balls can only be used once, avoid repeated use; wound dressing is appropriate to keep the wound clean and promote wound healing; in diet, avoid eating spicy and irritating food, eat more vitamin C rich of fresh fruits and vegetables.

Common wound management methods


Superficial abrasions can be treated by flushing the wound with normal saline for dirt, debris, and devitalized tissue and evaluating the wound. If there are sand and stones embedded in the damaged skin, it must be debridement and removed; disinfection with iodophor, hydrogen peroxide rinse, gauze (oil gauze) covering, the medicine can be changed every other day. If the wound area is large and deep, you need to go to the hospital for emergency treatment.


When being cut by a knife, follow the methods of hemostasis, cleaning, disinfection and dressing to handle the wound. If the finger is cut and bleeding a lot, squeeze the sides of the finger to stop the bleeding. Deeper and larger wounds should go to the hospital for treatment.


If you are accidentally scalded by hot water, hot oil, steam, etc. at home, remember the five steps of flushing, removing, soaking, covering, and sending, namely: on the skin If it is intact, rinse with clean, running cold water for 10-30 minutes; remove the clothing on the wound as soon as possible, if it cannot be removed by hand, you can cut the clothing with scissors; those with obvious pain can continue to soak in cold water for 10-30 After the above steps, cover the wound with sterile gauze or a clean towel to reduce the probability of infection; if it is a deep scald or burn, please send it to the hospital for further treatment as soon as possible.

It should be reminded that ice cannot be used to cool a burnt wound. Toothpaste, soy sauce, soap, purple potion and other so-called home remedies should not be smeared or smeared.


The most common types of ankle sprains, joint sprains, and redness, swelling, heat and pain after muscle strains, the injured part should be bandaged and fixed in time to prevent the injury from aggravating. The principle of ice application is that the sooner the better, every 3-4 hours, every 15-20 minutes. It is important to note that do not apply heat or massage within 48 hours, otherwise it will be counterproductive.


Immediately flush and clean the wound with soap and water, detergent, povidone-iodine, etc. for at least 15 minutes, and then go to the hospital for further treatment.

(Yangzhou Daily-Yangzhou Net)