The ancient literati also had a soft spot for chrysanthemums. It was originally a very common flower, but in poetry, it has become a spiritual symbol, representing the virtue of a gentleman. This is also the reason why people like chrysanthemums. First of all, the flowering period is different. Instead of blooming in spring, they choose the autumn after the flowers wither; secondly, the chrysanthemums will not wither, even if they are withered, they will be held tightly together; Finally, the fragrance of chrysanthemum is elegant and exudes a charming fragrance; it is these reasons that make chrysanthemum famous, as famous as plum blossoms, orchids, and bamboo, and it is called the flower of gentlemen.
There are many famous poems on chrysanthemum chrysanthemum in ancient poems. The most representative one is “Drinking · The Fifth” by Tao Yuanming, a landscape poet of the Eastern Jin Dynasty. Leisurely see Nanshan. This is an open-minded attitude towards life, which is expressed through the use of chrysanthemums. Tao Yuanming himself also prefers chrysanthemums, he loves chrysanthemums all his life, and he can see chrysanthemums everywhere in his poems.
Zheng Sixiao, a poet in the Southern Song Dynasty, also wrote a very classic chrysanthemum poem “Hanju”, this one The poem is also the last work of Song poetry. Although there are only four short sentences and a total of twenty-eight characters, each sentence is full of poetic and picturesque. In addition, the poet also borrowed chrysanthemums to express his perception of life. Although the Southern Song Dynasty became the History, but as a survivor of the previous dynasty, he stood by himself and told the world that he could not serve the Yuan dynasty. He wanted to be like a chrysanthemum. Even if it withered, it would still be held tightly together, and would not be swayed by others. around things.
The flowers are not a hundred flowers, and the independent sparse fence is not endless.
I would rather die with the fragrance of the branches than blow it down in the north wind.
This is a very typical seven-character quatrain. The two sentences describe where the chrysanthemum grows and the uniqueness of the chrysanthemum. Whenever the flowers wither, the chrysanthemum will bloom in the wind. At this time, the chrysanthemum does not compete with any flowers, and is independent of the fence. The flowers are used as a foil, but the chrysanthemums are still pure and clean. The last two sentences are the finishing touch. Chrysanthemums would rather die on the branches holding their fragrance than be blown off by the north wind. It seems that writing chrysanthemums here also expresses the attitude of the poet, telling the world that it is impossible for him to serve the Yuan Dynasty.
Then this poem is actually translated from another talented girl in the Southern Song Dynasty, Zhu Shuzhen’s “Yellow Flower” This poem is also a rare masterpiece, with delicate emotions throughout, and it is also very sad. And Zheng Sixiao really liked this poem after reading it, so he turned this poem into his own works, thus writing new ideas and becoming another new classic.
Soil flowers can be white or red, and I can still love this work in the evening.
I would rather hold the incense sticks and grow old than dance with the yellow leaves in the autumn wind.
We can see from this poem what they have in common, although Zhu Shuzhen wants to express It is the tragic fate of the individual, but Zheng Sixiao is more about the feelings of the family and the country, and his life is always unsatisfactory. An accomplished poet who witnessed the demise of the Southern Song Dynasty is undoubtedly a fatal blow to the poet, so in his poems, What is more is the pain of the family and the country, and at the same time, it also strengthens his beliefs. No matter how generous the conditions are, he will not sell his soul. This is the greatest place for poets.
Zheng Sixiao is a famous patriotic poet in the late Southern Song Dynasty. At that time, the Southern Song Dynasty was already in turmoil, but for the poet, he always adhered to himself. Later, after the demise of the Southern Song Dynasty, he drifted in the rivers and lakes and lived a life of displacement. At this time, he was devastated and wrote countless touching poems. ‘s poignant work. So in this poem “Han Ju”, it is precisely the pain of life’s grief that is written, and the lines are full of sorrow.
Zheng Sixiao died of illness in 1318, a generation of great patriotic poets vanished, and his life carried He experienced too much pain and witnessed too many differences, but his works have touched countless readers and made us feel his family and country feelings from him.