December 1, 2022 is the 35th “World AIDS Day”. In order to further promote the high-quality development of AIDS prevention and control work in the new era, and comprehensively create a good atmosphere for the whole society to participate in AIDS prevention and control work, combined with the promotional theme “Equalize” of the 2022 World AIDS Day determined by UNAIDS, the Office of the State Council AIDS Prevention and Control Work Committee decided And announced that the theme of our country’s publicity activities this year is “To fight AIDS and share health”.
AIDS is one of the most concerned and feared diseases in the history of modern medicine. Very dangerous infectious disease. The full name of AIDS is Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), which is caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. After being ill, HIV virus can attack the human immune system, destroy human T lymphocytes, and cause it to lose immune function, thus causing various infections and malignant tumors. It spreads rapidly and has a high fatality rate.
As ordinary people, they should learn more about AIDS, keep themselves clean, and stay away from AIDS. At the same time, care for and do not discriminate against people living with HIV and AIDS, and further promote the high-quality development of AIDS prevention and treatment in the new era. Therefore, we will provide popular science answers to the hot issues and knowledge about AIDS that the masses are concerned about.
1. How to judge whether you are infected with HIV?
The human body has an incubation period of about 1-10 years from HIV infection to AIDS. During the incubation period, infected people may be no different from normal people. Even if there are some symptoms, such as fever, sore throat, muscle pain, skin rash, etc., they are not specific symptoms of AIDS, so it is difficult to determine whether they are infected with HIV. Therefore, AIDS infection cannot be judged by physical symptoms and habits. The only way is to go to a regular HIV testing institution for a blood test to detect the HIV virus in the blood.
Second, which groups of people need HIV testing and counseling?
Because the HIV virus is transmitted through sexual contact, blood transmission and mother-to-child transmission, the following high-risk groups should undergo corresponding counseling and testing: that is, they have had high-risk sexual contact behaviors, Such as prostitution and whoring, same-sex sexual contact with multiple sexual partners, failure to wear condoms during sexual contact, and positive HIV antibody test of sexual partners; once received blood transfusions, intravenous drug use, and shared syringes when blood safety was not guaranteed etc.; babies born to women who tested positive for HIV antibodies, etc.
3. How to prevent and control the spread of AIDS?
1. Clean your body and love yourself, don’t have any chances, don’t get involved in pornographic places, don’t sell blood at illegal blood collection stations, and don’t try drugs out of curiosity.
2. Do not share personal items such as toothbrushes and razors with others; try to avoid contact with other people’s body fluids and blood; clean and disinfect items that have been contaminated by others in a timely manner.
3. When you are sick, you should go to a regular medical institution for treatment, and do not go to a medical unit where the disinfection of medical equipment is unreliable. , such as injection, tooth extraction, acupuncture and moxibustion, etc.; do not use unsterilized equipment for beauty treatment, tattooing, ear piercing, etc.
【Author of this issue】
Zhao Wei, Director of Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Shenyang Fifth People’s Hospital . He has been engaged in the diagnosis and treatment of dermatology and venereal diseases for more than 30 years, and has rich experience in diagnosis and treatment of various common diseases and frequently-occurring diseases in this specialty. Especially good at the diagnosis and treatment of eczema, herpes zoster, tinea corporis and various sexually transmitted diseases, male diseases, complicated gonorrhea, nongonococcal urethritis, syphilis and sequelae of sexually transmitted diseases.