What are allergic diseases? What are the common allergic diseases? 2 common sense needs to be understood early

With the improvement of my country’s industrialization level, changes in people’s lifestyles, and the impact of climate, environment, and air pollution, the number of patients with allergic diseases is increasing significantly.

Allergic diseases have become a common and frequently-occurring disease, which will not only cause huge harm to individuals and society The economic and medical burden will also seriously affect people’s health and daily life.

So what is an allergic disease? What common diseases are allergic diseases? Regarding allergic diseases, you may need to know these two common senses of health as soon as possible.

1. What is an allergic disease?

Allergic diseases are also called allergic diseases in clinical practice. Refers to the immediate allergic reaction. It refers to the formation of specific antibodies in the blood after the body is exposed to antigenic substances (also called allergens). When the body is exposed to the same type of antigenic substances again, excessive or pathological immune responses are triggered, resulting in the tissue structure and physiological functions of organs. disorder.

Generally speaking, the parts where allergic diseases often occur are mainly organs that are in direct contact with the external environment, including The skin, nasal cavity, respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract and other parts usually present with symptoms such as skin itching, wheals, papules, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. In a few severe cases, anaphylactic shock may occur.

2. What are the common allergic diseases in daily life?

In fact, in daily life, everyone more or less experiences Allergic diseases are just because most people don’t know much about this disease, or they don’t pay much attention to the mild symptoms, but I believe that everyone will have a deep understanding of the following situations.

The first and most common one isurticaria.

It is also called wheal, wheal, it mainly manifests as skin itching, and then there are bumps all over the body Plaques are light red or white. In severe cases, the wheals are connected into pieces and can subside by themselves. Some people may also have symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, and headache. It is mainly caused by dilation and increased permeability of small blood vessels in the skin and mucous membranes.

The second iscontact dermatitis.

It is mainly used as a skin Symptoms such as skin itching, erythema, edema, even blisters, and peeling after contact with certain items are mainly caused by contact with leather and chemical fiber cloth, cosmetics, metal jewelry, chemicals and other substances. Generally, the symptoms can be relieved and subside.

The third isallergic asthma.

This disease is actually a daily It is also relatively common in daily life. It is generally seen in children. It mainly manifests as sudden shortness of breath and wheezing after accidental exposure to certain substances. Usually, the patient accidentally inhales pollen, dust mites, animal dander and other substances. Afterwards, bronchial constriction is caused, resulting in insufficient oxygen supply.

The fourth isallergic rhinitis, Also called allergic rhinitis.

In fact, this disease has beenAt the beginning of the 19th century, a British doctor reported that some people had eye and nose discomfort in summer, which was thought to be caused by contact with dead grass, so it was also named “hay fever” or “summer catarrh” before. ’, which was later shown to be caused by exposure to pollen.

In modern society, many people suffer from this kind of allergic disease. Affected by climate change or increased pollen in the air, frequent sneezing, a large amount of watery nasal discharge, and nasal congestion will appear. Therefore, many people will be troubled by allergic rhinitis in this season.

The above are several common allergic diseases in daily life, which are mainly caused by heredity, environment , the impact of air quality, treatment is mainly antihistamines, leukotriene regulators, hormones and desensitization therapy and other methods.

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