Moxibustion has always been a magical existence in the folk. You can see its various curative effects on the Internet, and even search for cases of moxibustion in the treatment of cancer. On the contrary, moxibustion may be carcinogenic…
Picture from the Internet
Text | A section of ginger
Can moxibustion produce carcinogens?
There is no suspense about this: Moxibustion, like burning Buddhist incense, also produces carcinogenic chemicals, including benzene, formaldehyde, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and more. (Extended reading: Burning incense, is there a Buddhist carcinogen?)
Zhejiang University has a master’s thesis, which compared the carcinogens produced by various types of moxibustion, and found that smoke moxibustion produced the most benzene series, which is smokeless moxa. 6 times of moxibustion. At the same time, light smoke moxibustion produced the most formaldehyde, indoor, the total concentration of benzene series was 535.17μg/m3, the average concentration of formaldehyde was 157.93μg/m3, and the total concentration of 16 PAHs It is 12.86μg/m3. Among them, the concentration of formaldehyde has exceeded the safety standard.
Of course, even if the pollution in the moxibustion room is high, it is unlikely that the treatment time for each patient is relatively short (usually less than 1 hour), and the entire treatment cycle is only 10 days. I got cancer just because of moxibustion treatment. The burns that moxibustion may cause are more noteworthy.
It is the moxibustor who really needs to worry about moxibustion smoke. The flow of patients is endless and the air is not well circulated, and the moxibustor has placed himself in a heavily polluted environment for a long time. Someone tested the PM2.5 in the moxibustion clinic and found that the average air quality concentration was 224.28 μg/m3, which was far beyond the standard. The analysis found that if you stay in the moxibustion clinic for more than 7 years, it may cause obvious carcinogenic harm to the human body .
Can lung cancer patients use moxibustion?
I searched the database and found no research on the use of moxibustion in lung cancer patients.
But some people have studied the effect of moxibustion on lung function of normal people: 80 healthy males aged 20-22 were divided into two groups, one of which received the stimulation of moxibustion on Feishu point , compared various indicators of lung function before stimulation and 10 minutes after stimulation, and found that some indicators in the moxibustion group, such as the maximum mid-expiratory flow velocity and the maximum expiratory flow rate at 25% of the vital capacity, were significantly decreased  .
From this experiment, it can be seen that the smoke after burning moxa can affect some lung functions in healthy people, causing the small airways of the lungs to contract, resulting in obstructive changes.
Please note that the above study was a trial in healthy people. If all healthy people are affected, lung cancer patients are obviously more affected, so it is strongly not recommended that lung cancer patients smell the smoke of moxibustion.
Feishu Point is located on the back of the human body. It is said that this point belongs to the Lung Meridian and is mainly used for respiratory diseases.
Do cancer patients need moxibustion?
The cancer risk of moxibustion is one thing, and the more critical question is, Is it effective?
There are various uses of moxibustion in society. For cancer patients, it is usually used to deal with leukopenia caused by chemotherapy.
Many people feel that moxibustion has a good effect on increasing white blood cells, and there are even Chinese research literature. But at a glance, professionals will find that these studies have obvious scientific flaws. For example, the most obvious is that most studies do not have a control group.
Leukopenia due to chemotherapy is itself a reversible process and usually resolves slowly without any treatment after stopping the drug. Therefore, if there is no control group, even if the white blood cells are recovered using moxibustion, it cannot be proved that it is effective.
One study deserves a few more words. Some people have really done a multi-center, randomized, and controlled study, comparing moxibustion and traditional Chinese medicine, to see who has a better effect on restoring the number of white blood cells after chemotherapy? 
Moxibustion is carried out through ginger slices, and moxibustion is applied on several acupoints such as Dazhui, Geshu, Pishu, Weishu, Shenshu, etc. The effect achieved is that 4-6cm appears at the acupoints. The blush with a large diameter, but not to the extent of scalding and blistering, a course of treatment is 10 days; as the control group of traditional Chinese medicine, the Chinese patent medicine Shenmiao tablet and Qiangqishengbai tablet are taken orally for the same 10 days.
The results of the comparison are: the cure rate of the ginger-partitioned moxibustion group is 84.1%, and the cure rate of the Chinese medicine group is 35.2%. The ginger-partitioned moxibustion group is significantly better than the Chinese medicine group.
It looks good on the surface, but it’s actually a big problem.
First, the control group was chosen incorrectly. p>
What is used here for comparison is Chinese herbal medicine, not the standard hospital treatment (Shengbai Needle). Since the traditional Chinese medicine treatment itself has no clear curative effect and unknown side effects, it is not suitable for reference.
This reminds me of the scandal in the martial arts competition a while back: someone beat an ordinary Japanese student who paid for it, and then advertised that he beat a Japanese ronin! Is this game really interesting?
To prove effective, there are two true scientific controls:
Compare the moxibustion group with the control group without any treatment. In this way, the absolute effect of ginger-partitioned moxibustion can be seen;
Comparison of moxibustion group and standard treatment (shengbai needle) group. As long as the effect is similar to that of white-raising needles, it can be considered because of the price advantage of moxibustion.
Second,Even if this result is credible, it cannot be inferred that any moxibustion is effective.
It should be noted that the moxibustion in the trial is a very special one. It is performed on a few specific acupuncture points, and ginger slices are used. We don’t know if it’s because of sliced ginger, or whether it’s better to have a slice of ginger or a slice of old ginger. Therefore, if you just find a moxibustion shop on the street, it may not work.
Third, Chemotherapy does not necessarily require a whitening.
There are many types of chemotherapy, and not all chemotherapy has the same degree of leukopenia as a side effect. If a certain chemotherapy does little harm to the white blood cells, there is no need for a white needle in clinical practice. Therefore, there is no need to moxibustion just because you have received chemotherapy, just in case, maybe, maybe, there will be benefits.
Whether it is excessive medical treatment, the key is not the price, but whether it is needed or not. The cheapest treatment is overkill if not needed.
Write at the end
When a behavior, especially a way of thinking, becomes a habit, it is extremely difficult to change.
You ask a person to give up moxibustion, and he will say: The ancestral remedies may have miraculous effects!
You ask a person to give up burning incense, and he will say: Burning Buddha incense accumulates merit! Electronic incense is not worthy of being called incense.
You ask a person to give up smoking, and he will say: Quitting smoking will cause syndrome. Besides, the old man in the neighboring village smoked and drank, and he lived to ninety-nine!
You ask some people to manage the smog, and they will say: This is related to the national economy, people’s livelihood and GDP. After the smog is cleared, many people will have to be laid off!
To be honest, the air pollution caused by moxibustion is not as good as burning incense for a long time, it is definitely not as good as smoking one after another, and it is not as good as the spectacle of smog caused by industrial pollution. .
However, nowadays, for the sake of a healthier living environment, the government has made a move to break a strong man’s wrist, and some enterprises in North China have closed down. The action of the bowl, throwing away the useless watermelon rind in your hand?
Do you find moxibustion useful? Feel free to share your views and stories!
*This article aims to popularize the science behind cancer, not to promote drugs, nor to recommend treatment options. For guidance on disease treatment plans, please go to a regular hospital for treatment.
1. Guo Min. Characteristics and analysis of typical organic pollutants in indoor air produced by moxibustion and printers. (Master Thesis). 2013.
2. Ji Baoqin, Li Jian, Zhao Ningxia, Ren Qinyou. Changes in lung function of 80 healthy young people after acupuncture or moxibustion at Feishu point respectively. Journal of Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2002 ;18(3):174-5.
3. Zhao Xixin, Lu Mei, Zhu Xia, Gao Ping, Li Yanli, Wang Xuemei, Ma Dongyang, Guo Xianhui, Tong Boying, Yang Xiaoli. Ginger-partitioned moxibustion in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced leukopenia: a multicenter randomization Controlled Study. Chinese Acupuncture. 2007;27(10):715-20.
4. Huang Jian. PM_ (2.5) Physicochemical Characteristics and Toxicology Research in Moxibustion Clinic. 2016.