This article is reprinted from: China Economic Net
Source: Guangzhou Daily
Myocardial infarction is no stranger to everyone. This disease is ferocious and the consequences are very serious. Recently, the sudden death of a 19-year-old boy in Fujian who drank ice-cold drinks after exercising has attracted widespread attention. While it is regrettable, it also sounded the alarm for us. Dr. She Qiumin, a physician at the Eighth Hospital Affiliated to Guangzhou Medical University, said that although myocardial infarction is a high incidence in winter, we must be careful of myocardial infarction in high temperature days, especially the symptoms of heat stroke and myocardial infarction are very similar, and every year there will be some that look like It is heat stroke, but it is actually a patient with myocardial infarction who comes to see a doctor. Don’t be confused.
Text/Guangzhou Daily All-Media Reporter Zhang Qingmei Correspondent Liu Qisha
The symptoms of heat stroke and myocardial infarction
There are similarities
Generally speaking, the main symptoms of heat stroke are dizziness, sweating, fatigue, nausea, often accompanied by fever. However, myocardial infarction is often accompanied by symptoms such as nausea and chest tightness. Although the symptoms may be mild, it should also be taken seriously. If myocardial infarction is misdiagnosed, it is easy to miss the best time for treatment.
Myocardial infarction is myocardial infarction, which refers to the formation of thrombus on the basis of coronary atherosclerosis, which leads to the interruption of blood flow to the myocardium and causes myocardial necrosis. What are the specific symptoms of the patient?
She Qiumin introduced that the typical symptoms are from the lower jaw to the upper abdomen, suddenly there is a kind of inexplicable or indescribable discomfort, which often lasts for a long time, and should be stopped immediately when the disease occurs Any activity, then sit down and rest, if it doesn’t relieve for a minute or two, you need to take medicine in time. The commonly used drug is nitroglycerin. If the symptoms cannot be relieved by taking 0.5 mg of nitroglycerin, you should call 120 immediately-because the chest pain of myocardial infarction generally lasts for more than 20 minutes, and nitroglycerin cannot be relieved. Chest pain is a typical symptom of myocardial infarction. In addition to chest pain, patients are often accompanied by severe pain, cold sweat, pale complexion, dyspnea, chest tightness, shortness of breath and other uncomfortable symptoms, and even nausea, vomiting, irritability, and occasionally a sense of impending death or even blackness in front of the eyes, syncope, etc.
In the event of a sudden myocardial infarction
Keep in mind the two “120s”
In the event of a sudden myocardial infarction, how should you deal with it?
She Qiumin introduced that there are two “120s” in mind: dial the 120 emergency number in time, and grasp the golden treatment for 120 minutes. Because the best treatment time window for acute myocardial infarction is 2 hours after the onset, commonly known as “golden 120 minutes”, if the blocked blood vessels can be opened within 120 minutes and the blood supply to the myocardium can be restored, most of the myocardium can be prevented from necrosis. If the myocardial infarction occurs for more than 120 minutes, the area of myocardial necrosis will become larger, resulting in heart failure, shock and even death. Even if the life is saved, the heart function will be seriously damaged.
Drinking less water on hot days
Also easy to induce myocardial infarction
The occurrence of myocardial infarction is related to diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. Control blood pressure and blood lipid indicators.
Smoking is also a major risk factor. The intake of nicotine can cause acute coronary spasm, and coronary spasm can easily induce myocardial infarction. It is recommended that everyone quit smoking as much as possible.
In addition, overwork, emotional agitation, overeating, etc. may induce myocardial infarction.
She Qiumin emphasized that if the intake of fluids in hot days is insufficient, myocardial infarction will also be induced, and you should ensure sufficient water intake every day, at least 2000 ml of water a day.
In summer, some young people like to eat late-night snacks, stay up late to play with mobile phones, or work overtime. Fatigue in the middle of the night is also likely to induce myocardial infarction, which should be avoided as much as possible. It should be reminded that once the patient becomes ill, people around you should remember not to move it at will, and to call 120 immediately.
Prevent myocardial infarction in summer
Keep these five points in mind
So how to prevent myocardial infarction in summer? Please accept these five points:
1. Replenish water, eat less and eat more meals
You can’t drink water too fast in summer, if you are extremely thirsty, you should drink water and drink cold drinks after exercise. induce myocardial infarction. The diet should be light, mainly low-fat, easily digestible, vitamin- and protein-rich foods, and less sweet, greasy and other foods. Quit smoking, limit alcohol, and avoid overeating.
2. The cooling time should not be too long
Long time sitting will slow down the blood flow and reduce the blood flow back to the heart. If you suddenly get up and move, it is easy to cause sudden coronary blood flow. reduce the incidence of disease.
3. Before exercising, exercise your body first.
Before 6 am in summer, various harmful substances accumulate in the air. If you go to exercise in the morning, it is easy to happen Cardiovascular accident, you should avoid early morning exercise, change to evening time, do some relaxation activities at the end of exercise, do not go to bed immediately after exercise.
4. Control your emotions
When the weather is hot, you are prone to irritability. Excessive excitement can induce acute myocardial infarction. Therefore, you should control your emotions and maintain a balanced and optimistic state of mind.
5. Patients with coronary heart disease should not lift heavy objects
Because when bending over to lift heavy objects, it is easy to induce acute myocardial infarction.