We all know about weight loss surgery. Today I will tell you about weight loss surgery. The weight loss surgery mentioned here refers to resection of part of the stomach or reconstruction of the digestive tract. , in order to achieve weight loss by reducing food intake or inhibiting food absorption.
Although the technology of weight loss surgery is very mature now, many netizens still think about it If you have any doubts, let’s talk about this topic today to see if bariatric surgery is reliable or not?
1. Does weight loss surgery really work?
The first is the effect of surgical weight loss, compared with traditional surgery It is said that surgical weight loss can lose 70% of excess body weight. In addition, after weight loss surgery for obese patients, the probability of developing chronic diseases will also decrease, such as diabetes, coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, etc., and the diet does not need to be particularly strict, which can also improve the quality of life.
2. How does weight loss surgery work?
·▶Surgery Principle–Mainly use laparoscope to cut out the greater curvature of the stomach vertically, so as to reduce the stomach capacity, thereby reducing the secretion of hormones that stimulate hunger.
·▶Advantages of surgery——It can not change the physiological state of the gastrointestinal tract, nor interfere The normal process of digestion and absorption of food.
And sleeve gastrectomy has a good therapeutic effect on type Ⅱ diabetes!
②Gastric bypass surgery
·▶Operational principle—mainly by changing Aligns the intestinal tract to change the route of food through the digestive tract, thereby slowing down gastric emptying and shortening the small intestine, thereby reducing food absorption.
·▶Advantages of the operation——The effect of weight loss is obvious, and it is expected to be preserved for a long time.
In addition to the above two surgical methods, there are also weight loss operations such as gastric banding and intragastric water polo. Studies have also shown that patients who received weight loss surgery compared with Patients who only receive traditional drug treatment can completely relieve the blood sugar of patients with type Ⅱ diabetes, and can also reduce the onset of complications such as diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia, and have different degrees of improvement.
3. Will the operation affect the body? Are there any complications?
Any operation will bring certain trauma to the patient and affect the digestive function. In fact, this kind of trauma and side effects are reasonable to a certain extent , also known as complications, are divided into long-term and short-term complications.
Short-term complications are mainly caused by the risks of the operation itself, including Postoperative bleeding, gastrointestinal anastomotic leakage, internal hernia, and a certain degree of reflux, etc., are directly related to the doctor’s technique and the patient’s own state.
The long-term complications are mainly related to the choice of surgical method, such as sleeve gastrectomy, which has little impact on digestive function, but gastric bypass and bile-pancreatic diversion Duodenal transposition has some influence on digestive function.
4. Who is suitable for bariatric surgery?
·▶Suitable age – between 16-65 years old, overweight, after many dietary adjustments, lifestyle and drug interventions, still unable to Simply obese people who lose weight.
·▶BMI≥32.5, surgery can be performed regardless of complications.
·▶The body mass index BMI is between 27.5-32.5, combined with hyperlipidemia, hyperuricemia or menstrual disorders, ovulation disorders, polycystic ovary syndrome can also be considered to lose weight major surgery.
·▶The body mass index BMI is between 25-27.5, if combined with severe metabolic diseases, surgery can also be considered.
·▶When the waist circumference of men is ≥90cm and the waist circumference of women is ≥85cm, can surgery be considered as appropriate?
Of course, with the above standards, can surgery be performed in the end? Still have to let the above comprehensive judgment!