The labor process refers to the process from regular uterine contractions to the delivery of the fetus and placenta. The labor process is affected by factors such as labor force, birth canal, fetus and maternal psychology. During the delivery process, attention should be paid to the changes in the labor process and the safety of the mother and child.
During the production process of women, the term labor process is often heard, and some people may experience adverse conditions such as prolonged labor due to unsmooth production. For primiparas, a detailed understanding of everything, including the labor process, should be done before delivery. So what is labor?
I. What is the labor process
The labor process refers to regular uterine contractions From the beginning, the whole process until the delivery of the fetus and placenta. The labor process is mainly affected by the four major factors of labor force, birth canal, fetus and maternal psychology. These four factors need to cooperate and coordinate with each other. Once an accident or abnormality occurs in one link, the labor process may not proceed smoothly. During the whole delivery process, it is necessary to observe the changes in the labor process, and at the same time, observe the safety of the mother and child. Once an abnormality occurs, it needs to be dealt with as soon as possible. At present, the partogram is used to record the progress of the labor process.
Second, what are the stages of labor
1 .The first stage of labor
This is the cervical dilation period, which is divided into the latent period and the active period. During this period, the mother will have regular contractions until the opening of the cervix is 10 cm, which is a long process. It takes about 11 to 12 hours for primipara, and it takes only 6 to 8 hours for multiparous women.
2. Second stage of labor
The second stage of labor is the delivery of the fetus , It takes about two hours from the full opening of the cervix to the delivery of the fetus. This is done for nulliparous women, such as multiparous women, and is usually done within a few minutes.
3. Third stage of labor
The third stage of labor is also known as delivery of the placenta The first stage refers to the delivery of the fetus to the delivery of the placenta. This stage takes about 5 to 15 minutes, and no more than 30 minutes at most. The primipara is similar to the multipara. If the placenta is still not discharged 30 minutes after the fetus is born, the placenta should be removed by the doctor after strict disinfection to prevent the placenta from remaining in the uterus for too long.