The abnormal shape of the ear often brings a lot of psychological burden to people, and it is easy to cause serious inferiority complex over time. Therefore, no matter what kind of ear deformity should be corrected as soon as possible to restore its normal shape.
Among them, the cup-shaped ear is a common congenital auricle deformity between the wind-striking ear and the microtia. A prominent, cup-like shape of the pinna. It accounts for about 10% of various congenital ear deformities, and it can occur unilaterally or bilaterally.
Most auricle deformities are caused by congenital causes, which may be caused by genetics, intrauterine teratogenic agents, viral infections during pregnancy, or drugs and radiation. Some acquired factors can also lead to the occurrence of goblet ear deformities, such as burns, infections, or chemical peels, which may cause skin damage, which can lead to shrinkage of the helix and induce auricle deformity.
According to the degree of deformity of the cup ear, it can be divided into three degrees: mild, moderate and severe.
Mild cup-shaped ears, with relatively wide partial helix, slightly drooping upper edge of the auricle, and less cartilage and skin volume defects.
Moderately cup-shaped ears, with the auricle rim curved to the concha cavity, hypoplastic helix and helical feet, cup-shaped auricle, with slight or a small amount of cartilage loss.
Severely cupped ears, with the pinna curled almost into a tube shape, with severe tissue loss in the upper half of the pinna.
Although auricular deformity will not have long-term functional effects in acquired life like major diseases, it has a very large impact on appearance. Cup-shaped ears not only affect the appearance, but also cause the inability to wear glasses and the psychological pressure of the patient or family members. According to the severity of goblet ear, it can be divided into two types: non-surgical treatment and surgical treatment.
Non-surgical treatment, suitable for mild to moderate cup ears, mainly wearing orthoses in the ears, through the continuous pulling and expansion of the orthotics, to promote cup ears The development of normal ear shape can save the pain of later surgery. However, it is necessary to master the timing of treatment. Generally, before the neonatal auricle is not completely shaped, it can be corrected within the time window of ear mold orthopedic treatment, that is, within six weeks after birth.
Surgical treatment is suitable for children with severe cup ear or who have missed the period of non-surgical treatment. For mild to moderate cup ear deformity, partial auricle plastic surgery can be performed; for severe patients Because of the severe tissue loss, auricular reconstruction was required.
When the child is born, we must pay more attention to the deformity of the child’s ear appearance, early detection and early treatment, and the greatest improvement can be achieved with the least cost. Avoid causing greater psychological burden and physical trauma to children, and give children a healthy and beautiful future!