Gallstones, stomach stones… Where can there be so many “stones” in the body?

For medical professionals only

What should I do if my body grows “stones”?

In recent years, the incidence of various types of stones has been increasing, kidney stones, gallstones, stomach stones…

How did the “stones” in these bodies grow? What should I do if a “stone” grows? Today we will take stock of these “stone diseases” in the body~


The “standard ending” of skipping breakfast

What are gallstones?

Bile is a fluid that aids digestion (especially of fatty foods), and the gallbladder is a storehouse for bile.

When bile secretion and metabolism are abnormal, the bile in the gallbladder will precipitate as stone-like crystals, forming gallstones.

What are the symptoms?

Early gallstones can be asymptomatic. Or just a dull pain in the upper right/upper abdomen after a full meal.

As the disease progresses, it may cause acute inflammation and biliary colic, with severe pain in the upper right/upper abdomen, radiating to the right shoulder and back, and may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, fever, etc.

What bad habits can lead to?

Cholecystolithiasis are mostly cholesterol crystals. The following habits should be avoided:

1. Often eat sweets and greasy food;

2. Irregular meals (such as skipping breakfast, etc.);

3. Lack of exercise.

How are gallstones treated?

Patients without any symptoms, after being diagnosed by a doctor to exclude other diseases, may not be treated for the time being, and regular review of B-ultrasound is enough.

If bile duct stones, especially intrahepatic bile duct stones, are more complicated than gallbladder stones, you must seek medical treatment in time.

In the following cases of gallstones, surgery may be required to remove the gallbladder:

1. Patients with repeated pain;

2. Patients with gallbladder full of stones (this may not be painful);

3. Patients with larger stones (diameter greater than 3cm);

4. Patients with combined porcelain gallbladder.

Surgical removal of the gallbladder is the most effective method at present. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is less traumatic and has a quicker recovery. After cholecystectomy, the patient’s normal life will not be affected. big impact.

The recurrence rate of gallstones in gallbladder-preserving surgery without gallbladder incision and only stone extraction should be selected carefully.

Urinary stones

Pain comparable to childbirth

What are urinary stones?

Minerals in urine crystallize, and stones formed in kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra are collectively referred to as urinary stones.

Kidney and ureteral stones are the most common.

What are the symptoms?

renal colic: Kidney stones fall into the ureter, causing sudden, severe low back pain (comparable to a woman giving birth), often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and profuse sweating Dripping and pale.

Blood in the urine: A urine test can detect red blood cells. Even pink or red blood in the urine can be seen directly with the naked eye.

Difficulty/painful urination: Stone blockages interfere with the normal passage of urine and are more common in bladder stones.

What bad habits can lead to?

Urinary stones are mostly calcium oxalate crystals. The following habits should be avoided:

1, usually drink less water;

2. Diet high in sugar and salt;

3. Lack of exercise;

4. Eating too much oxalic acid-rich foods such as spinach, chocolate, kiwi, etc. for a long time.

Note: People with gout are prone to uric acid urinary stones. Need to eat less high-purine diet such as broth, animal offal, beer, shellfish, etc.

How are urinary stones treated?

Patients with small stones can reliably drink plenty of water and moderate exercise, or take stone-removing drugs, Promoting the passage of stones from the urethra

If kidney or ureteral stones are too large to be excreted by themselves, “extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy”, “rigid or flexible ureteroscopy” or “percutaneous renal lithotripsy” can be performed according to the size of the stone. Mirror stone” and other means of treatment.

Stomach stones

Justified Reasons to Drink Coke

What are gastric stones?

Eating a large amount of certain foods will react with stomach acid in the stomach and solidify to form lump-shaped stomach stones.

What are the symptoms?

Depending on the size of the stone, symptoms such as upper abdominal distention or pain and nausea may occur.

Severe cases can lead to complications such as gastric bleeding, perforation, and intestinal obstruction.

What bad habits can lead to?

According to its different components, the most common clinically is vegetable gastric stones.

It is mainly caused by eating a lot of persimmon, hawthorn and other foods rich in tannic acid or pectin on an empty stomach.

Some patients are also caused by long-term overdose of drugs containing calcium and bismuth.

How are gastric stones treated?

Small stones can be excreted through defecation, or treated with drugs. Some patients with gastric stones drink “carbonated drinks” such as cola under the guidance of doctors, and there are also certain dissolved stones. effect.

Large stones require gastroscopy for lithotripsy, or a surgical gastrotomy to remove the stone.


The real culprit of “Oldness”

What is calculus?

The soft dirt and food residue left in the gaps between the teeth after eating, and the bacteria on the “plaque” on the surface of the teeth, will stick together and gradually thicken after a period of time. , calcification into dental calculus.

What are the symptoms?

Dental calculus can cause bad breath, bleeding gums, periodontal disease, etc., and eventually lead to gum recession, loose teeth, and loss of teeth.

Periodontal disease is the leading cause of loose and missing teeth in older adults.

What bad habits can lead to?

1. I don’t like brushing my teeth;

2. The brushing method is wrong;

3. Too lazy to wash my teeth;

4, often eat fine sticky food and so on.

How is dental calculus treated?

The calculus that has grown cannot be removed by brushing. You can go to the hospital every six months to a year to clean your teeth to remove tartar.

In patients with calculus that has penetrated beneath the gums, a “subgingival scaling” can be used to remove calculus.


Finally, let’s summarize, if you don’t want “stones” to grow in our bodies, we must do the following:

1. Drink plenty of water: Healthy adults are recommended to drink at least 1500-1700mL of water per day.

2. Don’t eat too “salty”: Limit the daily intake of salt to less than 6g per person per day.

3. Don’t be picky eaters: Don’t eat a single vegetable, fruit, or meat for a long time.

4. Eat less sugar: Limit your daily sugar intake.

5. Exercise more: Don’t sit still for long periods of time.

6. Brush your teeth carefully: Brush your teeth at least twice a day with the Pasteur method for 3 minutes each time.