Spring and Autumn are approaching, when the weather is getting cooler or warmer, it is the most comfortable season for the human body, but some people have a stuffy nose and itchy nose every day during this time, and they can’t wipe their nose. , The unstoppable sneezing seriously affects the normal life of patients. For this kind of disease that seriously reduces the quality of life of the patient group, it is medically called seasonal allergic rhinitis.
Allergic rhinitis, also known as allergic rhinitis, is an inflammation of the nasal mucosa caused by inhalation of external allergens, that is, the body’s increased sensitivity to certain allergens occurs in the nasal cavity Mucosal allergy is one of the common manifestations of respiratory allergy, and it is also a manifestation of immune imbalance. Epidemiological studies have reported that the incidence of allergic rhinitis accounts for 5% to 50% of the total population in the world, and the incidence in my country is about 37.74%, which is increasing year by year. High season.
Because the symptoms of allergic rhinitis and colds are similar, they will have symptoms such as sneezing and runny nose. Therefore, some patients cannot correctly distinguish allergic rhinitis from a cold, and mistakenly regard allergic rhinitis as a common cold. Cold treatment, delayed treatment time. In fact, there are some points that can be distinguished between the two. Due to the differences in the body, allergic rhinitis often manifests as intermittent or continuous nasal congestion and nasal itching symptoms. The nasal mucosa is pale and edematous during physical examination. The most obvious feature of a cold is that it is self-limited, and usually heals within 7-14 days. The main symptom is nasal congestion, and it is not often the symptoms of nasal itching and throat. Symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection such as swelling and pain are often accompanied by fever, body aches, fatigue, etc., and a runny nose often appears in the early stage of a cold. Therefore, if the patient encounters frequent episodes of nasal congestion and nasal itching, sneezing accompanied by continuous clear mucus, the possibility of allergic rhinitis should be considered.
Although allergic rhinitis itself does not pose a serious threat to the patient’s health and life, it will affect the normal work and life of the patient group, including sleep, study, work, and social interaction. And recreational activities, etc., seriously reduce their quality of life, if the treatment is not timely or inappropriate, it will also lead to sinusitis, allergic cough, bronchial asthma and other complications. Therefore, the treatment of allergic rhinitis has always been a key research topic of ENT. After standardized drug treatment, most patients can be effectively controlled, and the quality of life of patients has been significantly improved. In 2001, the World Health Organization proposed a “four-in-one” treatment system for allergic rhinitis based on its experience in the treatment of allergic rhinitis, namely patient education, avoidance of contact with allergens, drug treatment, and desensitization treatment. Desensitization therapy (also known as immunotherapy) has an effective rate of more than 80%, and even some patients can be completely free of drugs. However, whether it is suitable for desensitization treatment needs to be judged by a professional doctor based on the results of allergen testing.