Statins are no strangers to those with hyperlipidemia or cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases!
But even so, people often still make mistakes. Today, these three cases tell everyone that you must not make these three mistakes when taking statins.
Case 1: Long-term use of statins to lower triglycerides resulted in liver damage
Mr. Li, after physical examination, he found that triglycerides were high. He heard that statins can lower blood lipids, so he bought statins and took them. After eating for more than a year, I found abnormal liver function and elevated transaminase during the physical examination again.
In fact, there are not a few people like Mr. Li. First of all, the concept of blood lipids is relatively vague. Blood lipids actually include triglycerides and cholesterol series.
So both triglycerides and cholesterol are called blood lipids, but the methods for lowering these two types of blood lipids are not exactly the same.
Mr. Li simply has high triglycerides, low LDL cholesterol and no cardiovascular disease, but he is taking statin to lower triglycerides!
Although statins can lower triglycerides, they mainly lower density cholesterol, so statins are not the first choice for simply elevated triglycerides.
You think that the wrong drug is not only effective, but also has a high risk of side effects.
As a result, Mr. Li’s transaminases were elevated.
After the triglyceride rises alone, first of all, it is necessary to live a healthy life, especially a healthy diet. Secondly, high-purity EPA fish oil can also be used to help reduce triglycerides. For triglycerides exceeding 5.6mmol/ People with L need to choose lipid-lowering drugs under the guidance of a doctor.
But with high triglycerides, fibrate lipid-lowering drugs are generally preferred rather than statin lipid-lowering drugs.
Case 2. After taking statin, the low-density cholesterol was normal, so the statin was stopped. As a result, blood lipids increased again, and vascular plaque was aggravated.
Mr. Zhao, LDL 4.6mmol/L, and a little carotid plaque. Later, under the guidance of a doctor, he took statin drugs.
After taking it for half a year, Mr. Zhao found that his low-density cholesterol was normal, so he stopped taking the drug.
Results One year later, the blood lipid and low-density lipoprotein were re-examined to 4.6mmol/L, and the carotid plaque was significantly increased.
For most people with elevated low-density cholesterol, if the low-density can not be reduced to normal through lifestyle and drug intervention is required, then after the statin has reduced the low-density to normal, if it is discontinued statin, low density will rise again. It is similar to antihypertensive drugs. Taking antihypertensive drugs, blood pressure is normal, and blood pressure rises after stopping antihypertensive drugs; taking statin, low density is normal, and when statin is stopped, low density may increase again.
You want to stop the drug, the low density will rise again, and the plaque may also grow, increasing the risk of cardiovascular blockage!
Case 3. I thought that statin was only for lowering blood lipids, and I did not take it if the blood lipids were not high. As a result, I died suddenly after myocardial infarction!
Ms. Zhu has coronary heart disease and has been taking aspirin and statin for a long time.
In a review, she found that her blood lipids were normal, and some people said that statins had serious side effects, so she thought that statins used to lower blood lipids, and her blood lipids were normal again, so why bother Taking the risk of taking a statin?
So she stopped putting himin and died of a sudden myocardial infarction 2 years later.
Some Ms. Zhu thought that only high blood lipids can take statins, and those with low blood lipids do not need to take statins.
Statins do notHowever, it can reduce bad blood lipids, increase good blood lipids, anti-inflammatory, clear apoptotic cells in blood vessels, stabilize plaques, prevent thrombosis, and prevent myocardial infarction and cerebral infarction. Therefore, for people with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, even if the blood lipids are not high , and long-term use of statins under the guidance of a doctor.
You think these people who should take statins, if they don’t take statins, will eventually increase the risk of cardiovascular blockage, and even lead to sudden myocardial infarction and cerebral infarction!
Statins should be adjusted under the guidance of professional doctors. If you feel uncomfortable, see a doctor offline!