There are many types of thyroid diseases clinically, and their diagnosis involves many aspects such as function, etiology, benign and malignant nature. The examination of thyroid disease is very helpful to its diagnosis and treatment. This issue of popular science briefly introduces how to check the thyroid in daily life.
Can I self-examine thyroid disease?
The thyroid itself is soft in texture and covered with sternocleidomastoid and ribbon muscles. Self-examination is not very reliable. Even experienced doctors can only feel relatively large or relatively large thyroid glands. For obvious nodules, you can also try the following two methods if you want to check yourself daily:
1. Touch: Put your hands on both sides of the trachea, above the sternum. If you feel a hard lump, it is recommended to go to the hospital for further examination.
2. Look: If you find that one or both sides of the thyroid are raised when you look in the mirror, it may be a relatively large nodule in the thyroid. At this time, you need to go to the hospital to find a thyroid specialist. The doctor does a detailed examination.
In addition to thyroid nodules, when there are frequent symptoms such as exuberant metabolism, fast heart rate, easy sweating, irritability or apathy, it is very likely that the thyroid function is abnormal.
Thyroid disease is suspected, what tests should be done?
If you suspect that you have thyroid disease, you must go to a regular hospital for examination. There are two main methods:
1. Thyroid ultrasound: Thyroid ultrasound can not only determine the presence of nodules, but also determine the size, number, and nature of nodules.
2. Blood test: The blood test is mainly to check thyroid function and determine whether there is hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism.
At present, the incidence of thyroid nodules, whether benign or malignant, is increasing worldwide. In addition to the improvement of people’s health awareness, and the current high-resolution Ultrasound examination technology also has a certain relationship. High-resolution ultrasound is easier to detect small thyroid nodules, but in addition to the increased detection rate of small nodules, the incidence of relatively large thyroid nodules has also increased. It can be seen that the incidence of thyroid disease itself has increased, but the specific reasons are not yet clear. It is speculated that it may be related to the accelerated pace of life and changes in the natural environment.
When you feel that there is a problem with your thyroid, you don’t need to be suspicious, and you can’t let it go. Be sure to go to a regular hospital for examination and scientific treatment as soon as possible.