Zhoushan Port is the collective name of many ports in Zhoushan Islands such as Dinghai Port, Shenjiamen Port, Chuanshan Port and Changtu Port. It is located outside the mouth of Hangzhou Bay, with Shanghai as its back, facing Ningbo, and on the verge of the East my country Sea. It forms an equidistant shipping logistics network with Japan, South Korea, and major ports in Southeast Asian countries. Its deep-water harbors are rich in coastline resources and numerous deep-water waterways. The entire port has superior natural conditions such as many navigation gates, large hinterland, deep water, less silt, and shelter from wind. There are many natural harbors with both island and coastal ports. Among them, Dinghai Port is not only the largest port in the archipelago, but also one of the famous island ports in my country. The port has open waters, suitable water depth, many anchorages, good concealment and wind resistance, and can be navigable day and night. It is also a famous military port in the East China Sea.
When entering and leaving the ports of Zhoushan Islands, you have to pass through a channel formed by the confrontation of the islands The entrance and exit are commonly known as “air gates” by people who sail the sea all the year round. There are many islands in the Zhoushan Archipelago, the archipelago is rugged, the harbors are dotted, and the waterways are interlaced, so the gates are also one after the other, countless. Just the names of these gates are a bit dizzying when they are called. Around Dinghai Port, there are Xiazhimen, Xiangshuimen, Wushamen, Mazhimen, etc.; Liuheng Island and Taohua Island have Shuangzhimen, Qinglongmen, Tiaozhumen, Xiaqimen, Huangshamen, Xiaoshanmen, etc.; There are Xiaopanmen, Yazhangmen, Yinglianmen, etc. on the Zhongjieshan Islands; on the north side of Zhoushan Island are Guishan Hangmen, Gaoting Hangmen, Liangtoudong Hangmen, etc.; on the west side of the island are Xihoumen, Kamizhang Gate, Longan Gate, etc. In the north, there are Pen Frame Gate, Old Man’s Gate, Huanglong Gate, Qiaotou Gate, etc., which can be described as varied and varied. It is no exaggeration to say that the ports of the Zhoushan Islands have “many doors and wide roads”.
The above-mentioned gates have their own characteristics due to their different sizes, widths, and water currents, and are divided into many “sects”. For example, Xiaopanmen and Xiaqimen are treated differently by navigators because of their wide and deep waters. They are classified as international routes, and there is an endless stream of ships coming and going. For example, although the gates of Xiangshuimen and Wushamen are narrow, passing ships do not dare to “walk around”, but because of their strategic location, there is a shortcut to pass through this gate, so they are undoubtedly the “big ones” for ships passing through this place. Popular”. Qinglongmen is located at the intersection of several waterways, and many ships pass through it. Therefore, it is often also a “customer’s gate”. In contrast, some shipping gates seem to be a bit deserted and the ships are scarce. Such as Turtle Gate and Tongqian Gate, although they are not oblique doors and crooked roads, but because they are located in a corner, there are very few people who come to knock on the door and enter. Among the many air gates, the Xihoumen is unique. Although it is also a “big gate” and the gate is wide, but when the tide ebbs and flows, the flow velocity inside the gate is very fast and accompanied by irregular eddy currents, which makes many ships The boat shied away. If a low-speed ship wants to enter this gate when the flow rate is at its highest, it is likely to be rejected. as well. Of course, there are many more unremarkable air gates, which can be described as “decent”. They open their minds all the year round, open the door to welcome visitors from all over the world in obscurity, and make veritable contributions to my country’s navigation and marine undertakings.
When entering and leaving the ports of the Zhoushan Islands, there are still many shipping gates, such as Goblet Gate, Changla Gate, Boqi Gate, Qingzi Gate, etc., from the island to the East China Sea When sailing, it is easy to distinguish, because the background is the sea, and the silhouette of the door is displayed very clearly. However, when sailing from the outside to the ports on the island, it is not easy to distinguish it, because behind the gate are mostly the peaks and peaks of the islands, and looking at the gate is often “straight to the point”, especially when the distance is long, only one can be seen. Row of mountains, and it is difficult to see the gate. The ship that wants to enter the door must walk and look at it before it can get in. For some navigators who have just sailed the ship, if there is no careful guidance from the ship’s boss, these navigation gates are undoubtedly “ghost gates” lying in front of them. (Ren Rongjun)