This article is reprinted from: Guangming.com
The hot summer is hot and the sun is very bright
Everyone is afraid of the sun, afraid of getting spots
Actually, Spots –
not only a face problem
but also a health problem
spots, not a small thing
can be seen from it A person’s physical condition
common types are:
Chloasma, sunburn, freckles,
acne scars, age spots, etc.
Some netizens asked Xiaoming for help:
What should I do if my cheeks start to grow? What can I eat? Paint something?
I’ll ask you soon
Gold Medal Health Lecturer of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Zhang An from the School of Acupuncture, Moxibustion and Tuina
answer questions for the above netizens Confused
Zhang An said that chloasma is a common skin disease that occurs on the face. It presents as symmetrical light brown or dark brown round, striped or butterfly-shaped plaques with varying shades of pigmentation, with clear or diffuse margins, without scaly coverage, and without subjective symptoms. It can occur in both men and women, more so in young and middle-aged women.
In traditional Chinese medicine, it is called “black spot”, “face dust” and “liver spot”, which are related to the imbalance of yin and yang, qi and blood, and the obstruction of viscera and meridians. Western medicine believes that it is related to various factors such as genetic factors, light, human hormone levels and their abnormal distribution of receptors, vascular endothelial function and hemorheology, mental factors and certain diseases . And topical nicotinamide, laser irradiation mainly .
Traditional Chinese medicine believes that “spots must have blood stasis, and no blood stasis will not form spots”. There are various etiologies and pathogenesis, such as liver dysfunction, stagnation of liver qi, stagnation of qi and blood stasis; weak spleen, insufficient qi and blood, blockage of meridians; , Cold condensate meridians, can lead to stagnation of qi and blood, on the face, the formation of chloasma.
Traditional Chinese medicine has obvious advantages in the treatment of chloasma, and the clinical effect is clear. It is advisable to treat it on the basis of promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis throughout the whole process . The commonly used medicines for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, such as peach kernel, safflower, Chuanxiong, red peony, and Corydalis, must be combined with the pathogenesis of deficiency, excess, cold and heat. Qi medicine, so that the blood stasis can be removed, the new blood can be regenerated, and the Qi machine can be smoothed and the Qi and blood can be adjusted smoothly.
In terms of diet, it was mentioned in the “Compendium of Materia Medica” that eating cocklebur leaves and fungus can remove facial pigmentation. Wang Mengying, a physician in the Qing Dynasty, proposed that eating white reeds in porridge can whiten the complexion. In the “Easy Reading of Materia Medica”, a physician in the Qing Dynasty proposed the method of cooking mutton with Cistanche and Schisandra to treat Mucuna pruriens caused by strain. 
In addition to drug treatment, melasma is closely related to sun exposure, so you should pay attention to sun protection and skin moisturizing, and try not to use strong irritating types of cosmetics.
Due to the complicated reasons for the formation of plaques, it is recommended to go to the dermatology department of a regular hospital to find out the cause and treat it symptomatically.
 Hong Wenqian, Wu Yifei. Research progress on the etiology and pathogenesis of chloasma[J]. Dermatology and Venereal Diseases, 2021, 43(2): 175- 176+235.
 Zhao Bian. Chinese Clinical Dermatology [M]. Nanjing: Jiangsu Phoenix Science and Technology Press, 2009: 1234-1236.
 Xu Jia, Jiang Xi, Qu Jianhua, Chen Tongyun. Chen Tongyun’s experience in treating chloasma with four methods of treating blood[J]. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 2019,60(13):1095- 1098.
 Yu Ruoxi, Zhang Huimin, Zheng Yanfei, etc. Talking about Wang Qi’s experience and ideas in the treatment of chloasma[J]. Liaoning Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 2013, 40(9): 1781-1783.
 Zhang Xinyu. Summary of Professor Yue Rensong’s experience in treating melasma [C]. Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 2019.