Three highs, three highs!
In fact, it is not a disease. The three highs are a combination of “hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia”.
Everyone is paying more and more attention to diabetes and high blood pressure, because everyone is afraid that long-term high blood pressure will lead to cerebral hemorrhage and cerebral infarction, etc.; .
So what are the dangers of hyperlipidemia, which is one of the three highs, along with hypertension and diabetes? What happens when blood lipids rise? How should we lower blood lipids?
One, the harm of hyperlipidemia
The main reason why hyperlipidemia is synonymous with hypertension and diabetes is that these three diseases are metabolic diseases, which will damage our blood vessels and eventually lead to atherosclerosis Such sclerosis is aggravated, plaque appears, vascular stenosis, and even ischemia, which eventually leads to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and even myocardial infarction, cerebral infarction and other diseases.
There are actually two types of lipids: cholesterol and triglycerides
1. Elevated triglycerides lead to increased risk of cardiovascular disease
Although it does not directly lead to atherosclerosis, the long-term increase in triglycerides can lead to an increase in chylomicrons, an increase in very low-density lipoprotein, and an increase in non-high-density lipoproteins. An increase in protein cholesterol will eventually lead to an increase in LDL cholesterol as well.
Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol is the worst type of blood lipids. Elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol will significantly increase the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
2. Increased risk of acute pancreatitis with elevated triglycerides
When triglyceride exceeds 5.6mmol/L, it also increases the risk of acute pancreatitis, and the mortality rate of acute pancreatitis is very high, so when triglyceride exceeds 5.6mmol/L When L, we should pay special attention to try to reduce triglycerides to normal levels.
Cholesterol includes high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol
1. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol is a good blood lipid,
It is beneficial to clean up “vascular waste” and reduce the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, so it is better to have a higher high-density lipoprotein. Don’t worry if this item is elevated, it is a good thing.
2. Low density lipoprotein cholesterol is a bad blood lipid,
As we said above, elevated LDL significantly increases the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Because low lipoprotein cholesterol increases, it will significantly increase the lipid-like substances in the blood vessels, which is what everyone calls “vascular waste”. Vascular garbage keeps depositing on the inner wall of blood vessels, and it becomes vascular plaque. The aggravation of the plaque will lead to the narrowing of the blood vessel, the rupture of the plaque is a blood clot, and the blood clot is a myocardial infarction or a cerebral infarction.
Second, the performance of elevated blood lipids?
Then what discomfort occurs in our body, it indicates that our blood lipids may be elevated?
In fact, in the early stage of hyperlipidemia, even for a long time, it will not bring us any direct physical discomfort. Or directly lead to the performance of the body.
That is to say, it is almost impossible for us to judge whether we have high blood lipids by looking or feeling.
More importantly, even if someone says that they can see high blood lipids by looking at their faces, eyes, nose, etc., can you tell everyone whether they are high in triglycerides or low-density lipids High protein cholesterol? in the end2.1mmol/L higher, or 5.6mmol/L higher?
Because different blood lipids have different elevated levels, the methods for lowering blood lipids are also different.
Third, how to lower blood lipids?
1. Elevated triglycerides
The main cause of elevated triglycerides is most closely related to diet, so when you find elevated triglycerides, you must first check whether your diet is healthy.
Eating too many fried foods, fatty foods, and refined grains for three meals a day will increase triglycerides. So when triglycerides are elevated, eat a healthy diet and reduce fried foods, fatty foods, and refined grains. At the same time increase the proportion of vegetables and fruits, coarse grains and miscellaneous grains.
Of course, if the triglyceride has exceeded 5.6mmol/L, you need to see a doctor at this time, and take fibrates under the guidance of the doctor to lower the triglyceride, so as not to increase the risk of acute pancreatitis .
Is it said that eating fish oil can lower blood lipids?
Fish oil can lower blood lipids. It also refers to high-purity fish oil. The main component of fish oil is omega-3 fatty acid. Only when the purity of omega-3 fatty acid is ≥85%, it is called high-purity fish oil. And omega 3 includes EPA and DHA. DHA is called brain gold, so it is suitable for children to eat; EPA is called vascular scavenger, so it is suitable for adults, especially middle-aged and elderly people. Therefore, if you want to use fish oil to lower blood lipids, you must choose high-purity EPA-based fish oil. Otherwise, it is difficult to say whether it can lower blood lipids.
That’s why everyone is encouraged to add some fish to their diet.
2. Elevated LDL cholesterol
The main reason for the increase of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol is its own metabolism. Of course, it is also related to diet, but the relationship with diet generally only accounts for about 20%.
So when LDL cholesterol rises, eat a healthy diet first, just like controlling triglycerides.
However, if low-density lipoprotein is still high after a healthy diet, it is recommended to take statins or other lipid-lowering drugs under the guidance of a doctor.
In short, we need to know whether our blood lipids are high or not, and whether blood lipids are high can not be determined by feeling, but by blood tests. When blood lipids are elevated, what should we look for? One of the blood lipids has increased, although it can be lowered as soon as possible according to the specific situation!