There is heaven above and Suzhou and Hangzhou below. In addition to the famous gardens at home and abroad, Suzhou also has numerous ancient towns in the south of the Yangtze River. , Suzhou occupies only half of the six ancient towns in the south of the Yangtze River, and Suzhou occupies three of the first ten historical and cultural towns in China.
< span>Tongli Ancient Town was built in the Song Dynasty and has a history of more than 1,000 years. The ancient town is surrounded by lakes, 15 rivers divide the ancient town into 7 small islands, and 49 ancient bridges connect it into a whole. It has formed a water town pattern in which every family is close to the water, and every household is connected to a boat. It has the reputation of the Venice of the East. It is best to describe it as “Send People on a Tour of Wu” written by Du Xunhe, a poet in the Tang Dynasty: when you come to Suzhou to see you, everyone will sleep on the river. There is little free space in the ancient palace, and there are many small bridges in the water port.
< span>Tongli Ancient Town has a long history and is well-preserved. There are many tourist attractions. According to incomplete statistics, there are 38 garden houses in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, as well as hundreds of gentry and wealthy residences and former residences of celebrities. In the past, there were more than 20 natural landscapes such as “the first eight scenic spots”, “the last eight scenic spots” and “the last four scenic spots”. genus.
one Garden: Retreat Garden
If you want to pick one of the most representative buildings in Tongli Ancient Town, I think it must be Retreat Garden. Why? First of all, its level is high enough. Apart from the many national glory of Tongli Ancient Town, Retreat Garden also has its own halo. It is the only world cultural heritage in Tongli Ancient Town. It is a national key cultural relic protection unit, so In the recommendation of different attractions in Tonglifeiyou, Retreat Garden must be ranked first.
< span>It is said that “the gardens in the south of the Yangtze River are the best in the world, and the gardens in Suzhou are the best in the south of the Yangtze River”. As one of the 9 classical gardens in Suzhou listed as a world cultural heritage, the Retreat Garden is naturally the jewel in the crown of Chinese gardens. It was built from the eleventh to the thirteenth year of Guangxu in the Qing Dynasty, and has a history of more than 130 years. It follows the characteristics of Suzhou gardens, such as stacking stones and water, rational layout, and pursuit of poetic and picturesque. With the pool as the center, the garden is built on the water. , forming a garden landscape effect floating in the water, unique and unique in Chinese gardens.
Tuisi Garden is not large in size, and its layout is small and exquisite. Usually, many gardens we see are vertical structures, but Retreat Garden has a horizontal structure. The layout, from west to east, consists of four groups of buildings with different styles, the left is the house, the middle is the courtyard, and the right is the garden. In the limited space, there are many pavilions and pavilions, and each building can be built on its own. It is a classic in the classical gardens in the south of the Yangtze River, and echoes with other landscapes.
Two Halls: Geng Le Hall
If the Garden of Retreat is the most famous building in Tongli Ancient Town, then Geng Le Tang is the oldest building in Tongli Ancient Town, because Tongli Ancient Town is dominated by Qing Dynasty buildings more than 100 years ago, while Geng Le Tang was built in Ming Dynasty more than 400 years ago, and like Retreat Garden, Geng Le Tang is also a national treasure-level old building, which was listed as a national key cultural relics protection unit in 2013.
Gengletang is more beautiful than Retreat Garden It is smaller, covering an area of about 6.5 acres. At the beginning, there were five houses with a total of 52 houses. However, after hundreds of years of wind and rain, several dynasties have risen and fallen over the long years, and now there are only three houses with a total of 41 houses. However, although the garden is not big, it has gardens, restaurants, pavilions, pavilions, and pools, which are small and exquisite.
< span>Gengletang is not big, it only takes 20 minutes to walk around and see the flowers. Stepping into the entrance hall, there are three bright rooms, solemn and simple, tall and spacious, in the shape of a building in the late Qing Dynasty. On the west side of the house, there is an accompanying lane that leads directly to the back garden. There is a pool in the garden. The pool is surrounded by lakes and stones, and the heights are uneven, quiet and unique. One side of the pool is the Mandarin Duck Hall, which is three wide, facing the Huanxiu Pavilion across the pool, one high and one low, echoing each other and having a unique shape.
II Church: Jiayin Hall
Jiayin Hall is close to Sanqiao and across the river from Chongben Hall. In contrast, it was built later than Tuisi Garden and Gengle Hall. It was built in In 1922 (the 11th year of the Republic of China), just 100 years ago, its owner was Liu Bingnan, who had the same surname and clan as Mr. Liu Yazi, a famous patriotic poet who was born in Lili Ancient Town. For a period of time, Liu Yazi went to Chen Qubing to work in the Southern Society. He used to live here, so it is not an exaggeration to say that it is the former residence of Liu Yazi.
< span>Although Jiayin Hall was built late, its features are more exquisite wood carvings and stone carvings, which are quite similar to the Chen Clan Temple in Guangzhou and the ancestral temple in Foshan. Entering it, I looked up through the foyer, and saw the three stars of “Fu, Shou, Lu” jumping in the center of the ridge with a smile on his forehead, as if welcoming friends from afar.
The design of Jiayin Hall is full of books, implying the pursuit of ideals by scholars and writers. Locals in the main building call it Shamao Hall, which looks tall, spacious and solemn. There are many places in the hall. There are exquisite wood carvings. There are eight horses engraved on both sides of the five beams, wind and cold peonies are engraved on both ends of the beams, and the bottom of the beams is engraved with patterns such as satisfactory and high school. It is really dazzling and beautiful. In fact, the two halls should have included Chongbentang (there is no Gengletang), but because I didn’t go in Chongbentang, I replaced it with the more ancient Gengletang.
Three bridges: Taiping Bridge, Geely Bridge and Changqing Bridge
Tongli Three Bridges does not mean the third bridge, but the collective name of the three adjacent stone bridges: Taiping Bridge, Geely Bridge and Changqing Bridge. Among them, Taiping Bridge and Changqing Bridge are beam-shaped, while Geely Bridge is arch-shaped stone bridge.
The reason why Tongli Third Bridge is so famous is that it is closely related to the local “going” According to local friends, “walking the three bridges” can avoid disasters and seek blessings, so whenever a wedding is festive, Tongli people will walk on the three bridges. Moreover, people walking on the bridges will always recite the bridge names of the three bridges “Taiping, Geely, Changqing!” It is a good word of mouth. Although I don’t know why the custom of “walking the three bridges” came into being, the “three bridges” are a symbol of good luck and happiness in the hearts of Tongli people, so when you travel to Tongli, you must follow the local customs and walk on the three bridges. Walk.