Constipation is common in diabetic patients, mainly due to the influence of long-term hyperglycemia, which leads to gastrointestinal autonomic neuropathy. The incidence of diabetic constipation accounts for about 10% to 20% of diabetic patients, and the incidence is higher in patients with poor blood sugar control. Constipation is also more common in older patients. Here are the answers to three questions about constipation in diabetic patients. Coarse grains processed into powder, flakeseat Is there any difference between and whole grain? Coarse grains such as corn and oats are foods rich in dietary fiber, which have certain benefits for promoting intestinal peristalsis, relieving constipation and lowering blood sugar. Although they are processed into whole grains, flakes, powders or other shapes, the difference in their nutritional content is not large, but due to the change of shape, the speed and time of digestion and absorption in the gastrointestinal tract are greatly affected. Different, different effects on blood sugar. In general,the finer the processing, the faster the gastrointestinal absorption and the greater the effect on blood sugar. Therefore, for patients with better digestive function, it is recommended to choose whole grains of whole grains. Is more dietary fiber the better? Dietary fiber is an important part of plants. Although it cannot be digested and absorbed by the small intestine of the human body, it has healthy carbohydrates for the human body, including cellulose, hemicellulose, Pectin, lignin, inulin, etc. It can increase the volume of feces, soften feces, promote fermentation in the colon, reduce blood lipids and postprandial blood sugar levels, so it can prevent constipation, dyslipidemia, control blood sugar, and be beneficial to intestinal health. Dietary fiber is not always better. Because excessive intake of dietary fiber will cause some side effects, such as diarrhea, abdominal distension, abdominal pain, and less common side effects are the formation of fibrous bezoars in the intestines causing intestinal obstruction, which requires surgical treatment. The elderly or extremely thin patients should pay special attention to this point. . At the same time, excessive intake of dietary fiber will affect the absorption of vitamins and minerals. In addition, people with acute or chronic enteritis, dysentery, colonic diverticulitis, gastrointestinal bleeding, before and after intestinal surgery, intestinal strictures, esophageal varices should control dietary fiber intake . Are gluten-rich vegetables rich in dietary fiber? Dietary fiber is a substance that cannot be digested and absorbed by the small intestine. The main component is the cell wall of the plant, and the “tendon” is the vascular bundle of the plant, that is, the “vascular” system of the plant , responsible for transporting nutrients, it is not the only source of dietary fiber. Therefore, having these tendons does not mean that the dietary fiber content is high. For example, Chinese cabbage has tendons, but its fiber content is not high, with an average fiber content of only 0.8%. Foods without “gluten” are not necessarily low in fiber, and may even be higher. For example, all kinds of tender beans and tender pods are high-fiber foods, edamame (dietary fiber content 4.0%) has a soft texture after cooking, tender broad beans (dietary fiber content 3.1%), tender peas (3.0%) The texture is delicate and delicious, and the fiber content It is much higher than the legendary leek with high fiber content (1.4%).
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